Fonds Fonds 3 - President and Vice-Chancellor Office fonds

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President and Vice-Chancellor Office fonds

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Fonds 3

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  • 1936-1941 (Creation)
  • 1989- (Creation)
    Creator
    Davenport, Paul T.
  • 1979-1989 (Creation)
  • 1974-1979 (Creation)
  • 1969-1974 (Creation)
  • 1959-1969 (Creation)
    Creator
    Johns, Walter Hugh
  • 1949-1959 (Creation)
  • 1942-1949 (Creation)
  • 1941-1942 (Creation)
  • 1908-1928 (Creation)
    Creator
    Office of the President and Vice-Chancellor
  • 1928-1936 (Creation)
    Creator
    Wallace, Robert Charles
  • 1908-1928 (Creation)
    Creator
    Tory, Henry Marshall
  • (Creation)
  • 1989- (Creation)
  • 1979-1989 (Creation)
  • 1974-1979 (Creation)
  • 1969-1974 (Creation)
  • 1959-1969 (Creation)
  • 1949-1959 (Creation)
  • 1942-1949 (Creation)
  • 1941-1942 (Creation)
  • 1936-1941 (Creation)
  • 1928-1936 (Creation)

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189.16m of multiple media records

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Name of creator

(1906 -)

Administrative history

The President is the chief executive officer of the University, and the Vice-Chancellor. The Board of Governors appoints the President and prescribes his tenure of office. The President has the general supervision over and direction of the operation of the University, including its academic work, the instructional and ancillary staff, (including the deans of the faculties, the registrar and the librarians), and its business affairs. The Board has the authority to assign any other powers, duties and functions to the President for the welfare of the University. The President may delegate any of his powers, duties or functions as he sees fit and prescribe conditions governing the exercise of any delegated power, duty or function, including the power of subdelegation. The President reports annually to the Board and the Senate on the academic work of the University and its progress and requirements, and makes any recommendations thereon he considers necessary (Alberta. Universities Act, RSA 1980). Presidents: 1908-1928 Henry Marshall Tory; 1928-1936 Robert Charles Wallace; 1936-1941 William Alexander Robb Kerr; 1941-1942 Robert Newton (Acting); 1942-1949 Robert Newton; 1949-1959 Andrew Stewart; 1959-1969 Walter Hugh Johns; 1969-1974 Max Wyman; 1974- 1979 Harry E. Gunning; 1979-1989 Myer Horowitz; 1989- Paul Davenport.

Name of creator

(1864-01-11 - 1947)

Biographical history

Henry Marshall Tory Scientist, Administrator, University President --The son of a Methodist Minister, Henry Marshall Tory was born on January 11, 1864, on a farm close to Guysborough, Nova Scotia. His lifelong association with education began with primary public school education in his native province. The curriculum was informal and teachers taught to the interests of students who often attended to farming duties and personal pursuits before attending class. Tory's family moved to Guysborough near the end of his primary school years and there he took on a position as a clerk for three years in a dry goods store. His interest in education continued, and he soon enrolled in Guysborough Academy for a two-year teaching program. Upon completing the program, he spent two years teaching in local rural schools. During his teaching tenure, Tory met Sir William Dawson, the Principal of McGill University, who was visiting Nova Scotia on vacation. Dawson persuaded Tory to attend McGill University. At 22 years old, Tory enrolled at McGill in a program of honours mathematics and physics. He graduated in 1890 with honours and a gold medal. Tory retained an interest in religion and following McGill graduation he studied theology at Wesleyan College, Montreal. He received a Bachelor of Divinity and took a two-year preaching charge at a church in Montreal. He then returned to his studies of mathematics and physics becoming a lecturer in mathematics at McGill in 1893. He completed his Masters in Mathematics in 1896. Tory now became further involved with academic administration at McGill. To help set up the new Department of Physics he visited the Cavendish Laboratory in Cambridge University for two terms. The experience gained there gave him the background required to help the McGill Physics Department to set up labs and design courses. His title became Demonstrator of Physics and he continued to lecture in mathematics. He received his D.Sc. degree and he was promoted to Associate Professor of Mathematics in 1903. At the turn of the century Tory's career began to turn more towards administration. His official McGill title was Associate Professor of Mathematics but he was also de facto Assistant Dean. Under Dean Dr. Charles Moyse, McGill began a programme of branch colleges across Canada and Newfoundland. Tory was sent as an envoy to investigate the sites of local colleges. He was also empowered to negotiate the branch colleges' relationship with McGill. In this capacity Tory negotiated the McGill University College of British Columbia in 1906. Returning from the Coast in the Spring of 1906, Tory visited Alberta and discussed affiliation with Alberta College in Edmonton and Canada College in Calgary. During this trip A.C. Rutherford, newly annointed Premier of Alberta and self-appointed Minister of Education, first met Tory. The province was organized in a 1905 Act of Parliament and the new legislature's first meeting passed the University Act to establish and incorporate a university in the province. The following year subsequent legislation empowered the Lieutenant-Governor to appoint a President charged to work with the University Senate to organize and develop a public university. By the time Rutherford travelled east in 1907 in search of a president, he had already met with Tory and corresponded with him on issues of university governance. Tory left McGill in January 1908 to assume duties as the President of the University of Alberta. With government authority Tory arranged to begin classes in the autumn of 1908 in the Duggan Street public school (currently Queen Alexandra) in Strathcona. 1907 legislation purchased River Lot No.5, 258 acres of uncleared land on the South bank of the North Saskatchewan river. Planning and constuction of a physical site for higher learning would preoccupy Tory's twenty- year tenure. The University began with a single faculty, five professors and 32 students. By his departure from the University of Alberta in May, 1928 he had overseen the school grow to five faculties plus related offices, about 1,600 students, and eight modern, well-equipped buildings. Dr. Tory's most important legacy was the secular, democratic ethos he applied to the policies of the new institution a perspective formed under the influence of Reverend Sewell and his 19th Oxford public lectures. Tory's first presidential address to convocation in 1908 read in part: "The modern state university is a people's institution. The people demand that knowledge shall not be the concern of scholars alone. The uplifting of the whole people shall be its final goal." This perspective was manifested in the Department of Extension. Tory initiated the creation of the Extension Department, first mentioning the project in a presentation to the Senate in April 1912. The next month he chose A.E. Ottewell as director. Extension Services operated on Tory's mandate that the University belonged to the people of Alberta; its slogan was borrowed from the first University Extension programme, Reverend Sewell's 19th century Oxford project: "We cannot bring the masses requiring education to the University - may it not be possible to carry the university to them?" To relate the University's work to Alberta's villages and towns, Extension Services used travelling libraries, lectures, debates, projection slides and films to offer a wide spectrum of instruction. In 1933 the programme spawned the Banff School of Fine Arts, a training centre for Drama, Music and the Arts with an international reputation. Dr. Tory's final report to the University Senate emphasized the success of the Extension programme noting "we have our own broadcasting station" and predicted educational success in emerging communication technology. Tory's public education credo translated onto the international scene in the form of the Khaki University. Through his association with Lt. Colonel Gerald Birks, Supervisor of the YMCA Canadian Overseas forces, and on the strength of a 1916 study by Tory concerning the needs of decommissioned soldiers, Tory was commissioned in 1917 to recommend and plan a Canadian army educational system. The resulting Khaki University, with Tory as executive director, became a model for military services world wide. From 1917 to 1919 the Khaki College saw 650,000 men attend lectures, and enrolled 50,000 in classes. Thousands of returning soldiers enrolled in universities across Canada supported by the studies they accomplished during wartime. The Khaki University supported soldiers' morale, enabled the military to set up an educational infrastructure, and provided a venue to promote higher education to thousands of Canadians. On a national level, Tory's greatest impact came through the economic and industrial implications of his work with the National Research Council. Tory's interest in science, and his background in math and physics, inspired him to consistently promote administrative and institutional support for scientific research. Tory worked to establish the Industrial Laboratory at the University of Alberta in 1911. In 1919 the University of Alberta joined a national initiative to promote applied science in the University Scientific Assocition. While the need for practical scientific research was underscored by the experiences of World War One, the war also drained resources. Prmairly in response to such funding problems, the University Scientific Association merged into a provincial organization combining with the Committee on Industrial Research, a committee with government and university affiliations. In 1921, by Order-in-Council 30/21, the Alberta Legislature created The Scientific and Industrial Research Council of Alberta. Tory actively promoted this model to the point of establishing two research professorships at the University of Alberta. He also provided space for the Council at the University and the Research Council staff assumed the title of Industrial Research Department at the University of Alberta. The Scientific and Insustrial Research Council of Alberta was the first provincially funded, scientific research agency in Canada. The Council played a guiding role in applied research into Alberta's natural resources, including the extraction of bitumen from the oil sands of northern Alberta. In recognition of Tory's successful advocacy of applied science research in Alberta, the national Council for Scientific and Industrial Research elected him to this National Council in 1923. By October of the same year he was unanimously elected President. On June 1, 1928, Tory decided to leave the University of Alberta to take on the full-time position of active President of the National Research Council (NRC), heretofore a position of mostly honorary status. As NRC President, Tory oversaw the 1932 establishment of the National Research Laboratories. In 1935, Tory retired from his NRC presidency at the age of 71. Unable to remain inactive, Tory lead the volunteer committee that worked to open Carleton College in Ottawa in 1942. He then took on the position of unsalaried President and lecturer. He remained in these posts until his death in 1947. Title based on content of fonds.

Name of creator

(1881-1955)

Biographical history

Robert Charles Wallace was born in Orkney Islands, Scotland on June 15, 1981, son of James and Mary Wallace. He attended the University of Edinburgh and received his BSc in 1906 and MA in 1901. Wallace then attended the University of Göttingen in Germany where he completed his PhD in Geology and Mineralogy in 1909. Between the years of 1909 and 1910 Wallace worked as a researcher and demonstrator in crystallography at the University of St. Andrews in Scotland. Following completing his PhD he returned to Edinburgh and received his DSc in 1912.

Wallace moved to Canada in 1910 and took a position as a lecturer in Geology and Mineralogy at the University of Manitoba. He received his full professorship in 1912 and completed his research for the Edinburgh D.Sc. In 1912 he also Dr. Wallace married Elizabeth Harcus Smith, who was an M.A. student at Edinburgh while he was back to work for his B.Sc. They had three daughters, Sheila, Brenda and Elspeth, and a son, Ronald. He worked at the University of Manitoba until 1928. He took a leave of absence from the University between 1918 and 1921 and served as commissioner of northern Manitoba. He and his family moved to The Pas, Manitoba in 1918 for three years. In 1927 he became Manitoba’s Commissioner of Mines.

Wallace was appointed President of the University of Alberta (U of A) in 1928. Wallace believed that liberal arts such as literature, languages, history, and philosophy were an integral part of any education. During his time as President, Wallace pushed against having highly specialized education and tried to keep a balance. He was President during the time of the first major expansion at the U of A and the Depression. Despite the financial difficulties of the times, Wallace guided the U of A keeping its structure intact.

In 1936 Wallace left the U of A to become Vice-Chancellor and Principal of Queen’s University. In 1944, The King made Wallace Companion of St. Michael and St. George. At the age of 70 he retired as Principal of Queen’s in 1951. During his retirement he accepted various appointments including Executive Director of the Arctic Institute of North America, Consultant to the Department of Education of Ontario, Member of the Defense Research Board and its Selection Committee, and Advisory Editor of the Encyclopedia Americana. Wallace died on January 29, 1955 at the age of 74 in Kingston, Ontario.

Throughout his life he received numerous honours including honorary doctorate degrees from twenty universities. He was a Fellow of the Royal Society of Canada, the Geological Society of America, and the Geological Society of London.

Name of creator

(1908 - 1985)

Biographical history

Classicist, Administrator, 1908-1985. Dr. Johns joined the University of Alberta in 1938 as a lecturer in classics. He developed an administrative career alongside his academic one, serving as assistant to the Dean of Arts and Science in 1945 and Executive Assistant to the President in 1947. He was Dean of Arts and Science from 1952 to 1957 and Vice-President of the University from 1957 to 1959. In 1959, Dr. Johns became the sixth President of the University of Alberta. When his term ended in 1969 he resumed his academic duties as professor of classics. Upon his retirement in 1973 he was named Professor Emeritus. Among Dr. Johnsþ many awards was the Order of Canada, which he received in 1978. In 1983 his long-term project, A History of the University of Alberta, 1908-1969, was published by the University of Alberta Press.

Name of creator

(24 Dec.1946 -)

Biographical history

Paul Theodore Davenport was born on the 24th of December, 1946 in Summit, New Jersey. In 1969 he completed his BA Honours (with Great Distinction) in Economics at Stanford University. He then moved to Canada and attended the University of Toronto where he received both his Masters and Ph. D. in Economics.

From 1973 to 1989 he taught economics at McGill University and from 1986 to 1989 he was the Vice-Principal for Planning and Computer Services.

He was appointed as the tenth President of the University of Alberta in 1989 and held the position until 1994. He left to become the President of the University of Western Ontario, where he remained until 2009.

Davenport has honorary degrees from the University of Alberta, the University of Toronto and the International University of Moscow. In 2001 he was made Chevalier de la Legion d’honneur (Knight of the Legion of Honor of France) and named Officer of the Order of Canada in 2002.

Davenport’s research in economics focused on productivity growth, fiscal federalism, and knowledge-based economy. He has also supervised graduate students and served in the broader academic and governmental communities on several boards.

Name of creator

(1875-)

Biographical history

William Alexander Robb Kerr was born 29 September, 1875 in Toronto, Ontario. He attended the University of Toronto for a Bachelor of Arts degree (1899) and a Master of Arts degree (1901), received an AM degree from Harvard University (1902), an ET from the University of Paris (1903), and then returned to Harvard University for a Ph.D. (1904).

During his career, Dr. Kerr was a Professor of Romance Languages at Adelphi College, New York and then became Head of the Department of Modern Languages at the University of Alberta in 1909. Dr. Kerr was appointed Dean of the Faculty of Arts in 1914 and appointed the third President of the University of Alberta on 15 May, 1936. One of his first acts was to create a "Faculty Relations Committee" to mediate between the Faculty and the Board of Governors. He resigned from his position as President in 1941 and died 19 January, 1945 at age 69 in Edmonton, Alberta.

Dr. Kerr served as a member of the Board of St. Joseph's College, received a Doctor of Laws (LL.D.) honorary degree in 1933, and was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society of Canada (F.R.S.C.) in 1936. He was also named an Officer d'Instruction Publique and Chevalier Legion d'Honneur by the French Government for encouraging the study of the French language and literature, including the literature of French Canada, and to create a better understanding of the French Canadian people.

Name of creator

(1904-1990)

Biographical history

Andrew Stewart (1904-1990) was born in Scotland on January 18th, 1904. In his early twenties Stewart came to Canada where he worked in farming. He then studied agriculture at the University of Manitoba and completed his graduate degree in economics. In 1935 he became a lecturer in Political Economy at the University of Alberta (U of A). Following the war Stewart became the Head of the Political Economy at the U of A, the Director of the School of Commerce and Dean of Business Affairs. In 1950 he was appointed as the President of the University of Alberta.

He was President from 1950 to 1959 during a period of rapid expansion and growth at the U of A. During his tenure multiple buildings were added to campus including the Administration Building. Stewart supported the development of Studio Theatre and created the Faculty of Graduate Studies and Research. In order to attract scholars he increased faculty salaries in support of the hiring of new academic and non academic staff.

Following his time as President in 1959, Stewart served as the Chair of the Board of Broadcast Governors (BBG) in Ottawa, Ontario, which was the forerunner of the Canadian Radio Television and Telecommunications Commission. Stewart was Chair of the BBG for ten years before returning to Alberta to chair Alberta’s Universities Commissions. In the 1970s he was also active in establishing the University of Ibadan in Nigeria. He received multiple honorary degrees including from the University of Manitoba, University of Alberta, University of New Brunswick, Laval University and University in Melbourne, Australia. He was also a Fellow of the Royal Society of Canada.

Dr. Stewart retired to Sidney, British Columbia in 1973. While there he served on the Sidney Advisory Commission and Provincial Capital Commission. He and his wife Jessie had seven children. Stewart passed away on July 14th, 1990 in Victoria, British Columbia. In 1985, The University of Alberta created The Andrew Memorial Graduate Prize in his honour.

Name of creator

(4.14.1916 - 1991)

Biographical history

Dr. Max Wyman joined the University staff in 1943 as a Mathematics lecturer. He became a full professor in 1956, Chair of the Department of Mathematics in 1961, Dean of Science in 1963, Vice-President (Academic) in 1964 and president of the University in 1969, which position he held until his retirement in 1974. In 1976 Dr. Wyman was appointed University Professor. Other areas of service included work on various commissions, including the Alberta Electoral Boundaries Commission and the Board of Review for Provincial Courts in Alberta (Kirby Commission). He also served as Chair of the Alberta Human Rights Commission, 1974-1979. He is also noted for being an Alberta Junior Golf Champion and for having famously written to Albert Einstein about an error in Einstein’s paper 'The Influence of the Expansion of Space in the Gravitational Fields Surrounding Individual Stars.'

Name of creator

(1916-2002)

Biographical history

Harry Emmet Gunning was born on December 16, 1916 in Toronto, Ontario. He received his education at the University of Toronto including, a BA Honours, MA in English, and PhD in Physical Chemistry in 1942. Following graduation he became a postdoctoral fellow at Harvard University and a research chemist in Dr. Edgard Steacie’s Laboratory in Ottawa, Ontario. He was also a research fellow for three years with the National Research Council of Canada. In 1946, Gunning taught at the University of Rochester and later at the Illinois Institute of Technology.

In 1957, Dr. Gunning was recruited to the University of Alberta as a Professor and Chair of the Department of Chemistry. He was determined and actively supported to build a world-class chemistry department. Within a decade, under the leadership of Dr. Gunning, the Department of Chemistry achieved international recognition as a rapidly evolving centre of excellence for chemical studies. In 1973, the east wing to the Chemistry Building was built to house the rapidly expanding department with the support of Dr. Gunning.

Dr. Gunning became the 8th President of the University of Alberta in 1974. During his presidency between 1974 and 1979, Gunning introduced many innovations in science policy and administration and promoted interaction between academia, industry, and government. In addition, Gunning played a key role in promoting research and development for the exploitation of Alberta's vast oil sand resources. He helped develop Chembiomed Ltd and was instrumental in establishing the Edmonton Research and Development Park. He retired from the University in 1982.

Gunning was a physical chemist, he was internationally recognized for his research in photochemistry, kinetic mass spectrometry, reaction kinetic chemistry and oilsands chemistry and published over 175 research papers. He was president of the Chemical Institute of Canada from 1973 to 1974. He has been an active member of numerous municipal, provincial, and federal commissions and boards, including the Alberta Oil Sands Technology and Research Authority.

In recognition of his achievements both as scholar and administrator, Gunning received numerous awards, including the Chemical Institute of Canada Medal in 1967, the Province of Alberta Achievement Award in both 1971 and 1979, and six honorary degrees. Gunning was appointed an Officer of the Order of Canada in 1979. On November 30, 2001, the Chemistry Building on the University of Alberta campus was renamed the Gunning/Lemieux Chemistry Centre in honour of two of the Department's most distinguished chemists, Harry Gunning and Raymond Urgel Lemieux.

Gunning died at age of 85 on November 24, 2002 in Edmonton, Alberta. Gunning’s wife Donna taught school, and died in 1992. They have a daughter, Judy and three grandsons.

Name of creator

(27 Dec. 1932 -)

Biographical history

Dr. Myer Horowitz was the ninth President of the University of Alberta and served from 1979 to 1989. Dr. Horowitz was born in Montreal, Quebec. He attended the School for Teachers at McGill University and obtained at Bachelors of Arts at Sir George Williams College in 1956. He earned a Masters of Education at the University of Alberta in 1959 and a Doctor of Education from Stanford University in 1965.

Before his position as Chair of the University of Alberta's Department of Elementary Education in 1969, Horowitz taught at McGill University as a professor in the Faculty of Education for eight years. Horowitz would also serve as Dean of the Faculty of Education from 1972-1975 and as Vice-President (Academic) from 1975 to 1979 at the University of Alberta before becoming President.

In 1989 he became Professor Emeritus of Education and President Emeritus in 1999 at the University of Alberta. In 1998 he moved to Victoria, British Columbia and became the adjunct professor of Education at the University of Victoria.

He was made an officer of the Order of Canada in 1990 and received seven more honorary doctorate degrees. The University of Alberta campus features The Myer Horowitiz Theatre in his honour.

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Created by LMCPHERSON 10-31-2007. Updated by MACS 1-29-2010.

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