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Bruce Peel Special Collections File Military organization
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Military Correspondence - Incoming / Outgoing

Correspondence sent to and from SBS in his capacity as Major-General, Commanding the 2nd Canadian Division; includes correspondence regarding troop training and discipline, horse acquisition, appointments requested, and other general matters. Handwritten; typewritten

Carson, J.W., Sir Major General

Military Correspondence - Incoming / Outgoing

Correspondence, marked private and confidential, sent to SBS in his capacity as Major-General, Commanding the 2nd Canadian Division; includes a letter (and copy) from Brigadier General John Wallace Carson outlining Minister Sam Hughes’ wishes and instructions regarding Canadian command in England, specifically Reserve units for the 2nd Canadian Division and Brigadiers for Training Divisions; and a letter received from J.G. Rattray. Handwritten; typewritten

Carson, J.W., Sir Major General

Military Correspondence - Incoming

Correspondence separated by Harwood Steele, and marked “for use only if necessary”. Letters in this file are ones H.S. felt were sensitive, and separated accordingly. Includes correspondence sent to and from SBS in his capacity as Major-General, Commanding the 2nd Canadian Division, Shorncliffe Command; these letters, between SBS, General Lord Brooke, General Carson, and General Turner revolve around issues concerning the fitness of Commander Lt. Colonel J.A.W. Allan of the 20th Battalion, 2nd Canadian Division. Includes explanatory notes from Harwood Steele (1974). Typewritten

Carson, J.W., Sir Major General

Military Correspondence - Incoming / Outgoing

Correspondence sent to and from SBS in his capacity as Major-General, Commanding the 2nd Canadian Division, Shorncliffe Command; includes correspondence regarding the king’s visit, SBS’s reply to General Carson’s August letter, re: working out the chain of command; regrets for Steele not being selected to lead the troupes to France; and other general matters. Handwritten; typewritten

Carson, J.W., Sir Major General

Military Correspondence - Incoming / Outgoing

Correspondence sent to and from SBS in his capacity as Major-General, Commanding the 2nd Canadian Division, Shorncliffe Command; includes confidential correspondence with General Sir Leslie Rundle, Commanding-in-Chief, Central Force & Eastern Command; and Minister Sam Hughes; several of the letters discussing rumours that SBS has heard and wants dismissed. Typewritten

Hughes, Sam, Sir, 1853-1921

Military Correspondence - Incoming / Outgoing

Letter sent from SBS in his capacity as Major-General, Commanding the 2nd Canadian Division, Shorncliffe Command; to Minister Sam Hughes; includes copies of orders and memoranda regarding matters relative to Steele’s Shorncliffe command. Typewritten

Hughes, Sam, Sir, 1853-1921

Military Correspondence - Incoming / Outgoing

Correspondence sent to SBS in his capacity as Major-General, Commanding the 2nd Canadian Division, Shorncliffe Command; includes confidential letters and telegrams sent between SBS, Sam Hughes, Colonel R. Rogers, Robert Borden, and Harry Johnson concerning the command of the Canadian forces in England; other matters discussed in the file is a response to a sympathy letter sent to [Shanbury] on the death of his son Fred, and pay and allowance rate information, etc. Handwritten; typewritten

Borden, Robert Laird, Sir

Military Correspondence - Incoming / Outgoing

Correspondence sent to SBS in his capacity as Major-General, Commanding the 2nd Canadian Division, Shorncliffe Command; includes confidential letters sent between SBS, Sam Hughes, Colonel R. Rogers, and others concerning the command of the Canadian forces in England; other matters discussed in the file are letters of introduction, including one from [E. Alderson]and thank you letters. Handwritten; typewritten

Borden, Robert Laird, Sir

Military Correspondence - Incoming / Outgoing

Correspondence sent to SBS in his capacity as Major-General, Commanding the 2nd Canadian Division, Shorncliffe Command; includes letters sent from Julian Byng; a letter from R. Rogers promising to speak to the Minister of Militia about placing SBS in command of all the Canadians in England; from D.H. McMillan; a note from Katherine Shaw acknowledging sympathy received from the Steele family on the death of her husband, Alfred Shaw, killed in action during the war; a letter to SBS from Major General John W. Carson. Handwritten; typewritten

Byng, Julian H.G., 1st Viscount Byng of Vimy, 1862-1935

Military Correspondence - Incoming

Correspondence sent to SBS in his capacity as Major-General, Commanding the 2nd Canadian Division, Shorncliffe Command; includes a letter to SBS from General Colin Mackenzie, with an explanatory note about this letter from H.S.; a lettter from a grieving father, [? Fisher] who had two sons killed in the War thanking the Steele's for their sympathy; letters from R. Rogers and other individuals concerning military matters. Handwritten; typewritten

Mackenzie, Colin John, Sir, 1861-1956

Military Correspondence - Incoming

Correspondence sent to and from SBS in his capacity as Major-General, Commanding the 2nd Canadian Division, Shorncliffe Command; includes letters sent to Lieutenant Sir Julian Byng and Lieutenant Sir James Wolfe-Murray, re: training of troops being sent to France; and correspondence around SBS’s rank and pay while serving with the Canadian military. Handwritten; typewritten

Byng, Julian H.G., 1st Viscount Byng of Vimy, 1862-1935

Military Correspondence - Incoming / Outgoing

Correspondence sent to and from SBS in his capacity as Major-General, Commanding the 2nd Canadian Division, Shorncliffe Command; includes confidential letters concerning criticisms of the training carried out by General J.C. MacDougall; a letter sent from SBS to Sir James Lougheed, re: Steele’s lack of military recognition; and letters from other individuals concerning military matters; includes a “statement in regard to the requirements in the matter of staff for the Canadian Expeditionary Force in England”, with attached explanatory notes, written by SBS. Handwritten; typewritten

Byng, Julian H.G., 1st Viscount Byng of Vimy, 1862-1935

Military Correspondence - Incoming / Outgoing

Correspondence sent to and from SBS in his capacity as Major-General, Commanding the 2nd Canadian Division, Shorncliffe Command; includes correspondence, with additional copies of particular letters, around the appointment of a General Officer commanding all Canadians in England. Correspondents include SBS, Sir George H. Perley, and James A. Lougheed; news clippings also enclosed with file, and letters from other individuals concerning military matters; many of the letters are marked ‘confidential’. Handwritten; typewritten

Carson, J.W., Sir Major General

Military Correspondence - Incoming / Outgoing

Documents separated by Harwood Steele, and marked “for use only if necessary”. Papers in this file are ones H.S. felt were sensitive, and separated accordingly. Includes correspondence largely sent from SBS to Sir George Perley, Canadian Overseas Minister of Defence. These letters revolve around issues concerning Canadian military command, and include added notations my H.S. Typewritten

Perley, George Halsey, Sir

Military Correspondence - Incoming / Outgoing

Documents separated by Harwood Steele, and marked “for use only if necessary”. Papers in this file are ones H.S. felt were sensitive, and separated accordingly. Includes correspondence between SBS, Colonel Fowler, and Sir George Perley, Canadian Overseas Minister of Defence. These letters revolve around issues concerning the command of the Canadian Expeditionary Force in England, and include added notations my H.S. Typewritten

Fowler, George William, Lieutenant-Colonel , 1859-1924

Military Correspondence - Incoming / Outgoing

Correspondence sent to and from SBS, including copies of a narrative he wrote outlining his personal “appointment to the command of the 2nd Canadian Division to present date”, referring to Sir George Perley’s appointment of a replacement for his position in England; and letters, often marked ‘confidential’, sent to General John Walter Carson and other individuals discussing his personal situation, the injustice he feels, and his wish to remain in England until the end of the war. Typewritten

Arthur William Patrick Albert, Duke of Connaught, Prince, 1850-1942

Military Correspondence - Incoming / Outgoing

Correspondence sent to and from SBS in his capacity as Major-General, C.B., M.V.O. , Canadian Headquarters, Shorncliffe, England, and includes letters to SBS from Sir James A. Lougheed; Colonel Robert Rogers; Colonel A. Hinde; Sir George Perley and others primarily dealing with the change of command of the Canadian Forces in the British Isles; also includes a general letter describing how Christmas Day was spent by patients in the Dover and Shorncliffe area. Typewritten

Hughes, Sam, Sir, 1853-1921

Military Correspondence - Incoming / Outgoing

Correspondence sent to and from SBS in his capacity as Major-General, C.B., M.V.O. , Canadian Headquarters, Shorncliffe, England; includes confidential letters written to and from Colonel Robert Rogers and Sir Robert Borden, a letter to A. Corelli, a telegram and information sheet on a ‘Programme of Inspections by G.O.C. Shorncliffe Command, and other general correspondence. Handwritten; typewritten

Borden, Robert Laird, Sir

Military Correspondence - Incoming / Outgoing

Correspondence sent to and from SBS in his capacity as Major-General, C.B., M.V.O. , Canadian Headquarters, Shorncliffe, England; includes confidential letters written to and from General J.E.B. Seely, Doctor Howard (Lord Strathcona's son-in-lawm married to Margaret) and others, regarding the command and service of Lord Strathcona’s Horse regiment; a letter (with attached copies) sent from SBS to Sir Robert Borden, regarding the Royal North West Mounted Police; and other general matters. Handwritten; typewritten

Borden, Robert Laird, Sir

Military Correspondence - Incoming / Outgoing

Correspondence sent to and from SBS in his capacity as Major-General, C.B., M.V.O. , Canadian Headquarters, Shorncliffe, England; includes correspondence with Colonel R. Rogers; and Lord Beaverbrook, re: the issue of drinking and Canadian troops. Typewritten

Rogers, Robert, Hon., 1864-1935

Military Correspondence - Incoming / Outgoing

Correspondence sent to and from SBS in his capacity as Major-General, C.B., M.V.O. , Canadian Headquarters, Shorncliffe, England; includes a copy of a letter from SBS to Hugh Macdonald with copies of correspondence and narratives related to SBS’s treatment by the Canadian Military; a letter received from John P. French, sent from France; a letter (with copy) sent from SBS to Colonel Rogers; a letter from SBS to Sir George Perley and a letter received from [L. Kippell] commenting on SBS’s recent visit to the French battlefields. Handwritten; typewritten

Rogers, Robert, Hon., 1864-1935

Military Correspondence - Incoming / Outgoing

Correspondence sent to and from SBS in his capacity as Major-General, C.B., M.V.O. , Canadian Headquarters, Shorncliffe, England; includes copies of confidential letters sent to Colonel Robert Rogers; General A.W. Currie, re: command in Canadian Military; and letters to SBS from Currie; Rogers; Prime Minister R.L. Borden; D. Matson and others. Typewritten

Borden, Robert Laird, Sir

Military Correspondence - Outgoing

Correspondence sent to and from SBS in his capacity as Major-General, C.B., M.V.O. , Canadian Headquarters, Shorncliffe, England; includes copies (with duplicates) of confidential correspondence sent from SBS to Lord Beaverbrook, re: his age and fitness for military service; and to Colonel Robert Rogers; Sir Daniel H. McMillan, re: Sam’s military rank and unfair treatment by Canadian military. Typewritten

Beaverbrook, Lord, 1879-1964

Military Correspondence - Incoming / Outgoing

Correspondence sent to and from SBS in his capacity as Major-General, C.B., M.V.O., Canadian Headquarters, Shorncliffe, England. The correspondence, largely confidential, revolves around letters in reply to SBS’s letter campaign protesting his proposed ‘superannuation; also includes letters (with copies) sent to and from Colonel R.M. Simpson, Canadian Army Medical Corps, re: SBS’s understanding that Simpson made unfair statements about Steele and other general military correspondence. Handwritten; typewritten

Macdonald, Hugh John, Sir

Military Correspondence - Incoming / Outgoing

Correspondence sent to and from SBS in his capacity as Major-General, C.B., M.V.O., Canadian Headquarters, Shorncliffe, England. The correspondence, largely confidential, continues to revolve around SBS’s protest about his proposed retirement, and his desire to continue his military involvement by being appointed Inspector-General of the Canadian Over-Seas Troops. Included are letters (and copies) sent to and from: Canadian Members of Parliament; Sir Clifford Sifton; Sir James A. Lougheed; Sir Daniel H. McMillan; Sir Robert Borden; Colonel Rogers; General S.C. Mewburn; and many others detailing Steele’s position and concerns, and responses back. Typewritten

Allan, George William, 1860-1940

Military Correspondence - Incoming

A letter sent to SBS from the Duke of Connaught responding to but denying Steele’s request that he do something to see that Steele remain employed with the British Military Service. Handwritten; typewritten

Arthur William Patrick Albert, Duke of Connaught, Prince, 1850-1942

Military Correspondence - Incoming / Outgoing

Correspondence sent to SBS in his capacity as Colonel in Command of Military District #10, based at the Fort Osborne Barracks in Winnipeg; includes correspondence with individuals at the Department of Militia and Defence; from Canadian Highlanders Regiment, and two letters written to Lord Strathcona from SBS regarding his demotion in rank after returning to Canada from South Africa. One letter is written to certify that SBS served in the Red River Expeditionary Force in 1870-1871 (written by D.A. Macdonald who served as Captain and Adjutant of the Regiment).

Smith, Donald Alexander, Lord Strathcona, 1820-1914

Military Correspondence - Incoming / Outgoing

Correspondence sent to SBS in his capacity as Colonel in Command of Military District #10, based at the Fort Osborne Barracks in Winnipeg; includes hand-written correspondence from R.J. Gwynne; correspondence from to and from Sam Hughes, and others, re: military ranks, cadet camp, etc.

Gwynne, R.J.

Military Correspondence - Incoming

Correspondence sent to SBS in his capacity as Colonel in Command of Military District #10, based at the Fort Osborne Barracks in Winnipeg; one type-written letter from R.J. Gwynne, re: cadets and other general matters.

Gwynne, R.J.

Military Correspondence - Incoming

Correspondence sent to SBS in his capacity as Colonel in Command of Military District #10, based at the Fort Osborne Barracks in Winnipeg; includes hand-written correspondence from R.J. Gwynne; a letter from R. Rogers, the Governor General’s office, and others, re: various matters including invitations, thanks, and a question of dissatisfaction among the Regina Officers, etc.

Gwynne, R.J.

Military Correspondence - Incoming

Correspondence sent to and from SBS in his capacity as Colonel in Command of Military District #10, based at the Fort Osborne Barracks in Winnipeg; includes correspondence to and from R.J. Gwynne, with SBS questioning reports that Gwynne has stated his dissatisfaction with Steele’s treatment of Saskatchewan officers; letters around the appointment of another officer for the District 10, and changing the District to a Division; the resignation of the Commander of The Cameron Highlanders; and other matters. There is a letter sent to SBS from O.W. Evans who served under Steele with the N.W.M.P. in the Yukon. Handwritten; typewritten

Gwynne, R.J.

Military Correspondence - Incoming / Outgoing

Correspondence sent to and from SBS in his capacity as Colonel in Command of Military District #10, based at the Fort Osborne Barracks in Winnipeg; includes a letter to Lord Strathcona from SBS discussing his military rank; and other correspondence regarding C.O.C. working conditions, recommendations, etc. Handwritten; typewritten

Hughes, Sam, Sir, 1853-1921

Military Correspondence - Incoming / Outgoing

Correspondence sent to and from SBS in his capacity as Colonel in Command of Military District #10, based at the Fort Osborne Barracks in Winnipeg; correspondence with Colonel Sam Hughes and his office, re: various matters; etc. Handwritten; typewritten

Hughes, Sam, Sir, 1853-1921

Military Correspondence - Incoming

Correspondence sent to SBS in his capacity as Colonel in Command of Military District #10, based at the Fort Osborne Barracks in Winnipeg; private correspondence with the Department of Militia and Defence regarding the organization of new cavalry regiments in Western Canada.

Steele, Samuel B. (Samuel Benfield), 1848-1919

Military Correspondence - Incoming / Outgoing

Correspondence sent to SBS in his capacity as Colonel in Command of Military District #10, based at the Fort Osborne Barracks in Winnipeg; correspondence regarding cadet camp; a letter from Colonel Sam Hughes stating that Manitoba and Saskatchewan will be made separate Divisions; and a letter from SBS to Hughes recommending Captain John Godson for a position of District Staff Adjutant, Military District No. 11. Handwritten; typewritten

Hughes, Sam, Sir, 1853-1921

Military Correspondence - Incoming

Correspondence sent to SBS in his capacity as Colonel in Command of Military District #10, based at the Fort Osborne Barracks in Winnipeg; correspondence regarding Sewell Camp; letters from the Minister’s office, and letter of thanks from a chapter of the I.O.D.E., etc. Handwritten; typewritten

Steele, Samuel B. (Samuel Benfield), 1848-1919

Military Correspondence - Incoming / Outgoing

Correspondence sent to and from SBS in his capacity as Colonel at Valcartier Camp, established as part of the mobilization of the Canadian Expeditionary Force at the onset of the First World War; includes outgoing correspondence copies related to SBS’s wish to organize and command a Canadian Contingent, and his recommendations for who might be named as regiment officers/commanders. Typewritten

McMillan, Daniel Hunter

Military Correspondence - Incoming / Outgoing

Correspondence sent to and from SBS in his capacity as Colonel at Valcartier Camp, established as part of the mobilization of the Canadian Expeditionary Force at the onset of the First World War; includes correspondence to and from Sam Hughes, re: what SBS’s role will be in terms of the First Canadian Contingent; letters from individuals volunteering for military appointments; letters from SBS to Robert Rogers expressing frustration at the way he is being treated and at Hughes actions; etc. He is particularly upset by Hughes' dismissal of Henry Norland Ruttan whom Steele had recommended for brigadier. Handwritten; typewritten

Hughes, Sam, Sir, 1853-1921

Military Correspondence - Incoming / Outgoing

Correspondence sent to and from SBS while at the Fort Osborne Barracks, Winnipeg, and in Montreal; includes correspondence to and from the Honourable Robert Rogers, Minister of Public Works, re: recommendations for commanding the Canadian Contingent; and correspondence with Major Ketchen; Sam Hughes; and others. Handwritten; typewritten

Hughes, Sam, Sir, 1853-1921

Military Correspondence - Incoming / Outgoing

Correspondence sent to and from SBS in his capacity as Colonel in Command of Military District #10, based at the Fort Osborne Barracks in Winnipeg; many confidential letters to and from Robert Rogers, Sir Robert Borden and others around Steele’s complaint about his rank in the Canadian Military; the treatment of himself and other officers by a ‘Minister of the Crown’ and the Department of Militia and Defence; includes copied letters intended to provide support for Steele’s views, etc. Handwritten; typewritten

Biggar, J.L. , Major

Military Correspondence - Incoming / Outgoing

Correspondence sent to and from SBS in his capacity as Colonel in Command of Military District #10, based at the Fort Osborne Barracks in Winnipeg; many confidential letters to and from Robert Rogers and others, and includes recommendations for filling Canadian Military positions, reports and information about camps, and general information, etc. Handwritten; typewritten

Rogers, Robert, Hon., 1864-1935

Military Correspondence - Incoming / Outgoing

Correspondence sent to and from SBS in his capacity as Colonel in Command of Military District #10, based at the Fort Osborne Barracks in Winnipeg; many confidential letters to and from Robert Rogers, Sam Hughes and others, and includes recommendations for filling Canadian Military positions and appointments. A particular focus in these letters is on SBS’s recommendation that a Lt-Colonel I.R. Snider be appointed Command of the 6th Infantry Brigade and the subsequent appointment of someone to this position, and other general matters. Handwritten; typewritten

Hughes, Sam, Sir, 1853-1921

2nd Canadian Division - Inspection Reports - 1916

2nd Canadian Division – Inspection Reports Inspection report for 151st Battalion inspected the 21st of October and correspondence about standard of recruiting in Canada and the concern that recent inspections reveal Battalions not meeting the standard. Typewritten

Steele, Samuel B. (Samuel Benfield), 1848-1919

Personal Reports - Army Enlistments

General Steele’s Personal Reports: A summary of information about enlistments, voluntary and conscripted, for Armies engaged in World War 1. An added note by Harwood Steele indicates that this mimeographed report was “typed by General Steele’s daughter, Flora”. Typewritten; 9 pp.

Steele, Samuel B. (Samuel Benfield), 1848-1919

Personal Reports - Extensive Action

General Steele’s Personal Reports: “Notes Showing Extensive Action Taken by Major-General S.B. Steele, C.B., M.V.O., G.O.C. Troops Shorncliffe, to Secure Efficiency in all Respects of the C.E.F. in England” Topics discussed in report include: Reinforcements from Canada; Training of Canadian Troops in England, and Reinforcements to France, Training in Canada, Canadian Military School, Casualties, Discipline, and General Supervision. An addendum to two of the reports were Steele’s recommendations in regard to the re-organization of the Canadian Expeditionary Force, and further notes related to his concerns while serving as G.O.C. Shorncliffe Command. Several copies of the report in file, many explanatory annotations provided by Harwood Steele (1968). Typewritten.

Steele, Samuel B. (Samuel Benfield), 1848-1919

Brigade Orders

Brigade Orders No’s. 2,3,& 6 by Colonel S.B. Steele Commanding Brigade Camp, Calgary, Alberta. Typewritten copy; 6 pp.

Steele, Samuel B. (Samuel Benfield), 1848-1919

Printed Matter: Report by General Sir John French

Report by General Sir John French, G.C.B., G.C.V.O., K.C.M.G. Inspector General of the Imperial Forces Upon His Inspection of the Canadian Military Forces. Ottawa: Printed by C.H. Parmelee, Printer to the King’s Most Excellent Majesty, 1910

Steele, Samuel B. (Samuel Benfield), 1848-1919

Standing Orders for the Shorncliffe Garrison

Standing Orders for the Shorncliffe Garrison 1912. Reprinted with Amendments, 1915. GOC written on cover and inside booklet is a calling card for Major-General H.de.Brett and written on card is “with many thanks & compls”.

Steele, Samuel B. (Samuel Benfield), 1848-1919

Goodenough, W.H. and J.C. Dalton. The Army Book for the British Empire: A Record of the Development and Present Composition of the Military Forces and Their Duties in Peace and War. London: Her Majesty’s Stationery Office, 1893.

Goodenough, W.H. and J.C. Dalton. The Army Book for the British Empire: A Record of the Development and Present Composition of the Military Forces and Their Duties in Peace and War. London: Her Majesty’s Stationery Office, 1893. (signed twice by S.B. Steele and dated 15 July 95 at Macleod).

Steele, Samuel B. (Samuel Benfield), 1848-1919