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Loose item from 1886 scrapbook: letter to mother and father (20 April 1886)

Letter from Pocock to his mother and father dated 20 April 1886. Pocock writes about how the recovery of his foot has regressed and how the camp doctor had moved on to Fort McLeod. He also describes the spring weather conditions including the ice break-up and prairie fires. Pocock's cigar selling is going well and he records his sales and profits. He has moved into the barracks and is very happy about the move. Pocock is then reading "Life of Christ" by Frederic Farrar. The most popular sport for the troop is curling. He ends the letter by worrying about upcoming payments for a dance and mess expenses and how he had to pay to replace stolen items.

Pocock, Roger

Loose item from 1886 scrapbook: letter to mother (28 June 1886)

Letter from Pocock to his mother dated 28 June 1886. Pocock describes a priest he was acquainted with back in Hamilton, Ontario. He then describes the scenery around him during the sunset. Pocock has written a murder mystery story and describes the setting and characters.

Pocock, Roger

Loose item from 1886 scrapbook: letter to father (19 May 1886)

Letter from Pocock to father sent from Prince Albert, Saskatchewan, dated 19 May 1886. Pocock writes of how he is not suited for deep study or thoughts; he would rather be a 'gentleman and a soldier'. He then writes about a nightmare he had while he was unconsciousness from chloroform during the removal of his gangrenous toes. This nightmare caused anxiety and new avenues of studies for Pocock. He then shares his thoughts on the subjects of pain and God. He then brings up that the NWMP is being reorganized and he may be asked to leave the force because of his injury. The last part of the letter is missing.

Pocock, Roger

Loose item from 1886 scrapbook: first-hand description of a desertion

A description of three men deserting from Pocock's troop. Covers the conversations that Pocock had with the deserters and with those investigating it the next day. The desertion happened on the '9th inst' (meaning the 9th of this month), though exact month is unclear. Incident likely happened in early spring according to another letter.

Pocock, Roger

Loose item from 1886 scrapbook: letter to mother (June 1886)

Letter from Pocock to his mother dated June 1886. Pocock is sending his mother his diaries. He first describes some of the highlights for each diary covering the years 1883-1886. Pocock the describes an incident of that week where he helped the drunk quarter master back into his building, which he was locked out of. Captain Perry has departed and the troop has been celebrating and drinking the whole week. Pocock writes about the changes within the camp because of Perry's departure. He also describes several other happenings around camp.

Pocock, Roger

Loose item from 1886 scrapbook: letter to mother (7 November 1886)

Letter from Pocock to his mother sent from Regina, Saskatchewan, dated 7 November 1886. Pocock asks his mother to gather up and send several of his stories and poetry to "The Witness" in Montreal. Pocock celebrated his 21st birthday on 9 November 1886 and writes about his birthday. Pocock is about to travel home to Ontario and responds to his father's ideas for accommodation and work. He writes of the various routes he may take to Ontario. He shares news of five men who robbed and deserted the previous week.

Pocock, Roger

Loose item from 1886 scrapbook: letter to mother (11 October 1886)

Letter from R.P. to his mother sent from Prince Alberta, Saskatchewan, dated 11 October 1886. Pocock reports on an epidemic of typhoid in Battleford, Saskatchewan, and lists those who have died from it. He then writes about an incident in which he wrote to his friend, Harry Keenan, about how some of the NWMP officers were drinking hospital-issued alcohol, and how one of those officers read his postcard. Pocock suspected that he would be reprimanded by the commissioner, but that did not happen. Pocock has been promised by Captain Perry to be sent to Regina as soon as possible. Pocock requests that one of his stories be sent to Harper's and then complains about the poor quality of poems that get published. One of his stories was published in The Week and he criticizes it. Pocock responds to the news that Lady MacDonald, John A. MacDonald's wife, is staying with his sister Rose. He hopes to use the connection to secure himself a pension.

Pocock, Roger

Sketch of NWMP Camp (1886)

A watercolour sketch by Pocock of a NWMP encampment in 1886. Writing on front reads "NWMP F. Troop Detachment Camp - Moon of Berries 1886".

Pocock, Roger

PE001225 - The Short Stories and Essays of “Kismet”

This book collects the writings of ‘Kismet’ (pseudonym of John Little), which were published in the Calgary Tribune between February and July 1886. The writings contained in the book consist of creative essays and short fiction, generally set in contemporary Western Canada; the editor notes that some reformatting and minor editing of the works has been performed to enhance readability. Nine pieces by the author are included in the book, as is the author’s obituary, a brief news excerpt regarding the author, and an introduction and comment by the editor.

Additionally enclosed with the book is a letter from the editor, Bruce Bailey, to Robert Cole of the University of Alberta Library, which accompanied the book’s donation to the University of Alberta.

Little, John

Alex Matheson- Incoming Correspondence

Incoming correspondence from Alex Matheson regarding building canoes and the delays due to winter weather. Correspondence sent from Rat Portage, Ontario to the Geological Survey headquarters in Montreal, Quebec.

Loose item from 1886 scrapbook: letter to mother (28 February 1886)

Letter from Pocock to his mother dated 28 February 1886. He writes about attending a kit inspection and how it gave him the opportunity to claim a buffalo hide coat as his personal property; the coat was a gift from a friend by the name of Gilchrist who had since passed away. He also writes about rumours of the NWMP being turned into a militia corps, which in Pocock's opinion is damaging to the positive reputation that the NWMP has developed. He also talks about his income and debts and asks his mother to inquire about cigar prices; he plans to sell cigars to his troop at a discounted rate than is currently offered. Pocock also describes how he was charged and tried for a misunderstanding regarding his duties conflicting with his sick leave. The last part of the letter is missing.

Pocock, Roger

Loose item from 1886 scrapbook: letter to mother (20 July 1886)

Letter from Pocock to his mother dated 20 July 1886. Pocock describes a recent highway robbery, his debts, and the weather. He also describes an incident of dealing with an intoxicated man who was arrested and charged with disorderly conduct the night before. The man had drunk a concoction of copper sulphate and tartaric acid, which was called 'cider'. The man selling the 'cider' was fined $50; Pocock then writes about how the 'cider' has become a problem in Prince Albert.

Pocock, Roger

Loose item from 1886 scrapbook: letter to mother (6 August 1886)

Letter from Pocock to his mother dated 6 August 1886. Pocock writes of his anticipated sick leave. He will receive treatment in Regina, but does not want to stay there for the recovery; he will put in a request to have his sick leave in either Toronto or Banff. He then anticipates being discharged and having to find a place to settle that has mild winter temperatures because of his frostbitten foot. He writes about setting up a cigar shop in Vancouver and selling the land once real estate prices go up.
He mentions an incident involving his friend Monty over a revolver; he then describes the revolver in detail supplied with a sketch of it. Pocock writes about his new found confidence and his preferences in fashion and personal grooming.
He mentions that there was a hailstorm the previous night from which there was "immense damage"; he sketched the size of the hail stones. Pocock purchased four [paintings?] of Lake Superior by Fred Bingham. He is writing essays on religious topics and is not ready to submit them.

Pocock, Roger

Loose item from 1886 scrapbook: letter to mother (10 August 1886)

Letter from Pocock to mother dated 10 August 1886. Pocock writes about wanting to improve the metre of his poetry and asks his mother to look for and send him a treatise on metre. He tells his mother of his apprehension to attend Trinity College, arguing that he is not smart enough for such a level of education. He closes the letter by describing how he bested a Methodist in an argument.

Pocock, Roger

Loose item from 1886 scrapbook: letter to mother (30 August 1886)

Letter from Pocock to his mother dated 30 August 1886. Pocock details a conversation he had with Captain Perry, the leader of his troop. They had a discussion about Pocock's injury, where Pocock wanted to go to Regina to receive treatment but Perry warns against this because Pocock would miss the commission on all cases of injuries received during the Rebellion. Perry also informed him that through this commission Pocock is likely to receive a life-long pension. After this conversation, Pocock learns from others that the pension will likely be larger than Perry had said.
Pocock writes that the F Troop in Regina was inspected by John A. McDonald and thus received the nickname "Sir John's Pets." He also writes how many who were under fire during the rebellion were receiving medals and land grants, of which Pocock had received neither.

Pocock, Roger

Loose item from 1886 scrapbook: letter to mother (12 May 1886)

Letter from Pocock to his mother dated 12 May 1886. Pocock writes about his cigar selling business and its success. He plans on selling iced beverages in the recreation room to make more money. He then writes about the happenings of the week, commenting on the snowy and cold weather. He then describes his room and its contents.

Pocock, Roger

Loose item from 1886 scrapbook: letter to mother ([Spring 1886])

Letter from Pocock to his mother. The letter is undated but according to Pocock's description of the weather it was written in the spring and before May. Pocock has written several stories about Lake Superior that he plans to publish and asks his family to read and review them. Four deserters were captured and sentenced to 12-months imprisonment each. Pocock also describes a sermon on creation, the weather, and local costume.

Pocock, Roger

Loose item from 1886 scrapbook: letter to mother ([28-31 May?] 1886)

Letter from Pocock to his mother. This multi-part letter describes his surroundings and the events as he and his troop move west along the prairies, starting at Sugar Creek [a tributary of Lake Winnipeg] on a Friday, moving to Eagle Creek, Saskatchewan, on Saturday, then to Battleford, Saskatchewan, on Sunday. There is then a final entry dated the 31st written from outside Battleford. If the dates given are sequential, then the letter dates from the 28-31 May 1886. Includes three sketches and a sketched map of the area around the confluence of the North Saskatchewan River and Battle River.

Pocock, Roger

Two (2) Prince Albert Times Newspaper Clippings

The headline of the first article reads: "Magistrate's Cotrt. / Queen vs. Leslie." A typewritten note on the back of the paper identifies the newspaper as the Prince Albert Times dated December 2, 1987 [presumably a typo for 1887].

The case involves charges of vagrancy against Constable A. Leslie of the North West Mounted Police. Constable Leslie was found at night lurking in a stable belonging to Mr. T. Oram of the Queen’s Hotel.

The second clipping lacks a headline. It is an editorial comment on the Queen vs. Leslie court case. A typewritten note on the back identifies the newspaper as the Prince Albert Times dated December 2, 1887.

"While we are opposed to the principle of the present liquor law, we agree that so long as it is in force it is the duty all good citizens to assist the authorities in legitimate endeavors to carry it out, but when constables - whether on duty or not - put themselves in positions where they might very properly be taken for sneak thieves or burglars, and when interrogated as to their business refuse to give a satisfactory account of themselves, they not only make themselves amenable to the law, but naturally and rightly prejudice the minds of people against them and against their superiors, under whose orders they may be acting, as well as against the law itself.”
“The Mounted Police Force has done good work in the earlier days of its existence, but it has outlived its usefulness as a force. Now that the Territories are becoming settled and municipal organizations springing up, the carrying out of the laws should be left to the purely civil authorities. And if it is found necessary to have an armed body to preserve peace amongst the Indians, that body should be a purely military force.”

1.2 Correspondence

Subseries contains letters from Pocock or to him from various people. Primarily consists of letters between Pocock and Harwood Steele. Also includes letter from his sister Hilda Pocock to Flora Steele regarding Pocock's funeral. Subseries is arranged by correspondent chronologically.

Letter to Daisy (25 May 1887)

Letter from Pocock to Daisy (his sister) dated 25 May 1887. He writes about arrangements for their mother's funeral.

Pocock, Roger

NWMP & the Liquor Question

Approximately twenty (20) items regarding the regulation of liquor in the North West Territories of Canada in the late 1880s and early 1900s. The difficulties faced by the North West Mounted Police (NWMP) in enforcing the unpopular permit-based liquor laws of the time are given particular attention.

North-West Mounted Police

Pocock Scrapbook (1887)

Pocock's 1887 scrapbook consists of approximately 53 leaves of textual and graphic material. Most pages of pasted or tipped in clippings and imprints and handwritten diary entries and letters for the year 1887.

Scrapbook contains:
Sketches of Fort William.
Letters to and from his father, to Mr. Keeper, to his mother, to his sisters, Rose and Daisy, and others. Notable are the telegram telling Pocock of his mother's fatal injury from being thrown from a carriage and the critique of "Spirit of the Plains".
Photographs of his mother on her deathbed and various landscapes.
Imprint cuttings related to Indigenous life, Toronto scenes, Ottawa scenes, Canadian sports, wildlife, and landscapes.
Newsclippings of book reviews, news articles, history of the NWMP, article about his mother's death, jokes, poems (of some Pocock is the author), and current events.
Diary entries for 1887.
Hand-drawn map of Quebec area near Ottawa.

Pocock, Roger

Pocock Scrapbook (1887 - 1888)

Pocock's 1887-1888 scrapbook consists of approximately 71 sheets of handwritten entries, cuttings of articles and imprints either pasted or tipped in, and letters kept loosely between pages.

Scrapbook contains:
Diary entries for the years 1887-1888
Handwritten financial records.
Notifications of his publication "Tales of Western Life".
Sketches of buildings and paintings of "Day After the Fire - June 14th,1886" (artist not credited).
Letters to his father (handwritten and typewritten), Frank, and his sister, Daisy.
Manuscript copy of "The Tale of a Tenderfoot".
Imprint cuttings of ranching, scenery, landscapes and towns of British Columbia, RCMP, trains and train stations, Calgary, wildlife, and Indigenous people.
Article clippings of jokes, religious editorials, and articles about his injury of breaking his arm.
Maps of British Columbia.

Pocock, Roger

1887 HBC deed poll

A document titled: "Deed Poll by the Governor and Company of Hudson's Bay, for conducting their trade in North America, and for defining the rights and prescribing the duties of their officers, 1871. Amended by Shareholders, June 27th, 1876; June 24th, 1879." Printed by Sir Joseph Causton & Sons in London, United Kingdom.

From notes provided by the donor: "An updated version of the Deed Poll issued in 1871, outlining the rights and duties of H.B.C. officers, outlines the number of Chief Factors, Factors, Chief Traders and Junior Chief Traders, the distribution of shares, and many other details.

"Some Detectives" Clipping from the Lethbridge News June 21, 1888

An editorial extract from the Lethbridge News of 21st June 1888.

“Some Detective” headline is underlined in red. Referring to the North West Mounted Police, the writer asserts that “[t]he long-talked-of detective service has apparently fizzled down into a staff of whiskey informers.” Also comments on the unfair nature of the exemption the Canadian Pacific Railway has obtained from the liquor laws.

PE001035 – The short and unhappy life of Queenstown, Alberta

The items included are regarding the formation and ending of the Canadian Pacific Colonization Corporation Ltd (CPCCL) which was formed in 1888 with the intent of founding a town in Alberta.
l) (Prospectus): Dominion of Canada, Province of Alberta. Canadian Pacific Colonization Corporation Limited. To found the town of Queenstown, North-Western Canada. Capital £500,000. Nov, 1888. 8 pages. 23 x 18 cm.
m) Reproduced letter: From Henry Hayman D. D. President of the CPCCL issued Feb. 21 1889. 24 x 19 cm.
n) Share Certificate: 25.5 x 22.5 cm for 10 shares in the CPCCL issued Feb. 21 1889
o) Broadside: 36.5 x 23 cm. Choice Lands in Alberta. Advert to induced people to move out and colonize Queenstown.
p) Transcript: 32.5 x 20 cm. Discusses circumstances of Queenstown which included a prairie fire, which destroyed the hay crop for the coming winter and caused the loss of several hundred head of cattle.
q) Notice: 20 x 25 cm. Notice of a CPCCL meeting to be held on 24 Dec 1890. Issued 15 Dec 1890.
r) 4 Resolutions: 33 x 20.5 cm. Enumerates the four resolutions o be ratified at the Dec. 24th 1890 meeting.
s) Letter from Maddisons: (open: 25 x 40.5 cm, closed: 25 x 20.5cm) dated Dec 19 1890, acting on behalf of 50 shareholders to wind up the corporation.
t) Letter from the CPCCL: 20 x 26.5 cm. Issued Dec. 20 1890. Rebuffs the Letter from Maddisons.
u) Report of Proceedings: 8 pages. 33.5 x 21 cm. Report of the Dec 24th 1890 meeting.
v) The Companies (Winding-up) Act 1890: The winding up act is in four pieces.
a. No. 23/ Notice: 40.5 x 25 cm. A notice that a meeting of the contributories will be held on March 25 1891 which encloses with it two forms: The General (blue paper, 40.5 x 25 cm) and Special Proxies(yellow paper, 40.5 x 25 cm)
b. A summary of the affairs of the company was included (closed: 40.5 x 25 cm)

Pocock Scrapbook (1888)

Pocock's 1888 scrapbook consists of textual and graphic material related his travels in British Columbia and Alaska.

Scrapbook contains:
Photographs of small portraits of unnamed people, wildlife, and scenes of British Columbia and Alaska.
Clippings of reviews of his book, "Tales of Western Life", articles about Alaska, articles about Pocock's travels and visits with Indigenous people, published critiques on his writing, a published editorial on Pocock's condemnation of how Indigenous people are being treated by the government, jokes and humourous stories, and current events.
Sketches and paintings of scenes in British Columbia and Alaska, totems, and Indigenous people.
Diary entries for the year 1888.
Letters to his father, his sister, Ethel, and from various people (such as lawyers and character references for Pocock).
Maps of British Columbia.
Typewritten manuscript copies of Pocock's stories "A Modern Pirate: The Story of an Adventure in Behring Sea" (35 pages) and "Seventh Watch: The Yokohama Pirates" (28 pages).

Pocock, Roger

Extracts from the Annual Report of the Commissioner submitted to Parliament

Typed header reads: “Extracts from reports of Officers of the N.W. Mounted Police for 1888 on the subject of the liquor laws. / 1888. / Commissioner L.W. Herchmer.” Officers include the Commissioner, Assistant Commissioner and Superintendents Cotton, McIllree, Neale, Deane, Steele, Perry, Griesbach, and Antrobus.

Commissioner Herchmer:
“There is a feeling, however, among the farmers, and naturally, that the sale of good beer should be allowed, and that it should be brewed in the country out of the home-grown barley, the present regulations allowing a wretched apology for beer to be brewed in the country out of grape sugar and other poisons, while the brewing from home-grown malt of an article of equal intoxicating power is strictly prohibited.”
“… I unhesitatingly affirm that under the permit system and the North-West Act, as then interpreted by our judges, there was less intoxication among the whites, according to population; and there can be no comparison between the quantity of liquor then supplied to Indians and the quantities they have obtained since that portion of the Province was, as certain people call it, emancipated.”
“In the days when the Act was first introduced there were no lawyers in the Territories and appeals were almost unheard of . . . Since the advent of lawyers everything has changed.”
“A saloon keeper of any experience keeps about enough liquor on his premises to fill his permits, and whenever ‘pulled’ by the Police he produces his permits, or those of his friends, and keeps his reserve stock of contraband liquor in hay stacks and manure heaps, closets and other hiding places of the same sort”
“The profits of the trade being enormous our men are all the time subject to the temptation of, to them, immense bribes, to pass a cargo, and who can wonder, under such conditions, that they sometimes fall.”
“I think it would be advisable to permit the establishment of breweries of sufficient capacity to support an Inland Revenue officer, as small concerns without much at stake are liable to be tempted to evade the law, particularly as regards Indians.”p.2
“In Calgary I may safely say we have captured more liquor consigned to two druggists than to any two saloon keepers in that town.”p.2

Assistant Commissioner:

“The liquor law is not working at all satisfactorily, and is no doubt being evaded, and would be, even if there were five times as many police as there are. The law is unpopular. This accounts for the great difficulty we experience in connection with it. It is almost impossible, under the existing state of the law, to get a conviction.” p.2

Superintendent Neale:

“Nearly all classes of the community in this district are antagonistic to the existing liquor laws, and there are very few indeed who will not assist in the smuggling of liquor.” p.4

Superintendent Steele

“The reason for passing the Act was to prevent the sale of intoxicants to Indians, and for that purpose answered very well, . . . . no serious trouble has been caused since from the drunkenness of the Indians; but when the same law is applied to the whites it is quite another thing.” p.5
“Under the system of smuggling, which prevails, the dealer brings in pure alcohol, and by the admixture of pernicious drugs and water makes it into an article resembling whiskey in color but most dangerous in its effects.” p.5

Herchmer, L.W. (Lawrence William)

Response to ‘Whiskey Informers & Detectives’ from the Medicine Hat Times

Typewritten, “1888: Whiskey informers & detectives: Newspaper articles re. Extract from the Medicien (sic) Hat ‘Times’ of Sept 10, 1887. THE INFORMER: Considerable consternation was imminent in the city Monday over the rumour that a whiskey informer was at large.”

Pencil notation, “1889 – no. 401: Liquor question N.W.T. General Memorandum.”

Dealer believes this is a Letter to the Editor written by Commissioner L.W. Herchmer.

Herchmer, L.W. (Lawrence William)

Extract from the Regina Journal of 16th February 1888

A typewritten copy of an extract from the Regina Journal newspaper dated February 16, 1888. The extracted article deals with how the Mounted Police conducted a recent liquor search. Mr. F. Arnold, proprietor of Lansdowne Hotel, accuses four NWMP officers of entering his wife’s bedroom while she was still in bed during their search of his hotel. He does not give names of officers.

"The Northwest Prohibition Farce" Calgary Tribune Clipping

“The Northwest Prohibition Farce” newspaper clipping from the Calgary Tribune and dated July 18, 1888.
An editorial piece protesting the exemption granted the Canadian Pacific Railway from the permit-based liquor laws of the time.
“In another column will be found the announcement that permission has been granted to the Canadian Pacific Railway hotel in Banff to import and sell wine and beer as a beverage, and the Mounted Police authorities have received instructions not to interfere with them in the carrying on of that business. . . . The Government at Ottawa (by whom the Lieutenant-Governor of these Territories has unquestionably been authorized in this case) seem to be under the impression that the people of this country are a lot of serfs and nincompoops who have no conception of the rights of freemen . . . ”

Notes written on Tulameen Hotel letterhead [1888]

Travel notes written on piece of paper with the Tulameen Hotel letterhead, undated. This was a hotel in Princeton, BC. The notes are about travel details going from Princeton to Hope, BC. Denotes distances between various landmarks and where 'feed' can be found. It is unclear if these were notes on a planned journey or from a completed journey.

Pocock, Roger

Copy of “The Liquor Question” report written by L.W. Herchmer Commissioner NWMP

A nine (9) page mimeographed copy of an 1888 draft report written by L.W. Herchmer, Commissioner of the North West Mounted Police. The Commissioner makes reference to the “liquor question,” the ongoing law enforcement issues within the North West Territories with regards to controlling the sale of liquor. The report shows some handwritten corrections and margin notes indicating the portions which were printed in the final report and submitted to Parliament.

Herchmer, L.W. (Lawrence William)

Three Extracts of Letters to the Editor by L.W. Herchmer printed in the Regina Journal 1888

A single sheet of paper onto which three (3) letters to the editor of the Regina Journal newspaper have been typewritten.

In red type:

In black type:
“Regina, 21 Feb. 1888
Sir: With reference to the article which appeared in the Regina ‘Journal’ of the 18th instant respecting a recent search of the Lansdown Hotel in this Town, for liquor, conducted by Insp. McGibbon, I have the honor to inform you that I have had the matter of the statements made in the article above referred to thoroughly investigated and find them to be untrue.
Mrs Arnold, the wife of the proprietor of the Hotel, informed Supt. Deane that the Editor of the Regina ‘Journal’ while sitting in the bar room of the Lansdown, read out in her hearing what purported to be an account of the police visit to that Hotel, and she then said to him: ‘Oh! Mr Atkinson, I cannot allow you to publish such a thing as that, the men did not come inside my bedroom at all, and were perfectly civil.’ Or words to that effect.
The Comptroller, Ottawa
I have, etc.
(L.W. Herchmer) Commr.

5th Mar. 8
Sir, Referring to your letter of the 21st ultimo, respecting the searching of the Lansdowne Hotel at Regina for Liquor, I am glad to be placed in possession of the statement of Mrs Arnold which exonerates the police from the charge of incivility. The article in the Regina Journal of the 16th ulto states on Mr Arnold’s authority: ‘Only last Sunday drunken policemen bothered him to such an extent that he was compelled to lock the door. The police threatened to break the door in but dared not do it.’
It would be gratifying to know that this statement also can be contradicted.
I have the honor, etc.
The Commr, NWMP, Regina.

Regina 10 March 8
Sir: In reply to your No. 302 of the 5th instant, on the subject of the searching of the Lansdowne Hotel at this place for liquor, I have the honor to inform you that there is no proof that the men who threatened to kick Arnold’s door in were policemen.
If they were, I am of the opinion that Reg: No- 2041 Constable Lynch was one of the party as he was punished for having overstayed his pass the night the alleged disturbance is stated to have taken place.
I have the honor, etc.
The Comptroller, Ottawa
(Sgd) L.W. Herchmer

Herchmer, L.W. (Lawrence William)

Liquor in the Territories

Two (2) clippings from the Lethbridge News newspaper dated April 5, 1888. The clippings make up the editorial response to NWMP Commissioner L.W. Herchmer’s annual report printed elsewhere in the same issue.

"Hungarian Miners Resist the Police" Macleod Gazette Newspaper Clipping

Newspaper Clipping from the Macleod Gazette, dated July 4, 1888.

“A Fierce Affray. / Hungarian Miners Resist The Police. / A Free Fight the Result, in Which Several Police and Civilians are Injured – Eighteen Arrests Made.”

Byline is “Lethbridge News.”

“On Sunday last the celebration of a wedding took place and a large amount of beer was consumed, quite a number of the participants becoming intoxicated. At around 21 o’clock three of them came outside the house and commenced fighting. Sergt. Ross was soon on the ground and arrested the principals in the fight, when a swarm of Hungarians, headed by one Geo. Czaperalich, rushed out . . . Czaperalich came out with some others to inform the sergeant there was no picnic going on there, whereupon the sergeant immediately arrested him. Directly he was arrested a swarm of Hungarians rushed out of the cottage armed with clubs, stones, bottles and other weapons. . . . A prominent feature in the fight was the part taken by the women, one of whom particularly distinguished herself by her agility in high kicking.”

“Prohibition v. License” The Moosomin Courier Newspaper Clipping

“Prohibition v. License” newspaper clipping. Black ink handwriting indicates the clipping is taken from the Moosomin Courier dated July 19, 1888.

The writer objects to "the subpoenaing of a number of our fellow-townsmen to give evidence for the Crown against two of our hotel keepers for selling liquor without a permit from the Lieutenant-Governor of these Territories."

Alex Matheson- Incoming Correspondence

Incoming correspondence from Alex Matheson regarding an outstanding account balance. Correspondence sent from Rat Portage, Ontario to the Geological Survey headquarters in Montreal, Quebec.

Alex Matheson- Incoming Correspondence

Incoming correspondence from Alex Matheson mentioning that Dr. Bell is now a member of the Ontario Mining Commission Board. Invoice for Dr. Bell of $27.22. Correspondence sent from Rat Portage, Ontario to the Geological Survey headquarters in Montreal, Quebec.

Copy of Police Report of Calgary Saloon Inspection

Two page mimeographed copy of a letter written to the Commissioner of the NWMP in Regina by J.H. McIllree Supt. Commanding “E” Division.
The letter contains extracts from a police report written by Corporal Walker. Corporal Walker conducted an inspection of Pullman Saloon which is “normally kept by J. McNeil” but is actually kept by a local man known as “Smithey” who is described as “the most notorious of the whiskey men in Calgary.” All kinds of whiskey and intoxicants were found on the property, covered by permits largely made out to “Smithey” under variations of his own name, the name of “a woman he keeps” and a bartender.
Sgd. McIllree claims his recommendation that permits not be issued to these individuals “has been over-ruled . . . by the personal exertions of the Judge of the Supreme Court and the members of the legislative assembly for this District.”

McIlree, John Henry

Toronto Mail Newspaper Clippings from 1888

Two clippings from the Toronto Mail, “North-West Drinks” June 23, 1888 and “The Whiskey Trader” July 5, 1888. Both are stapled to a sheet of paper. Typed on the reverse in red ink “File D42, 1888: LIQUOR LAW N.W.T. – ARTICLE IN TORONTO MAIL by ‘G’ re.”

Both articles are written by someone identifying themselves as 'G' and are reprinted from the New York Evening Post.

“North-West Drinks. / How the Liquor Law Works on the Prairies. / Prohibition in the North-West Territories – Substitutes for Liquor – The North-West Mounted Police and Their Work – Hunting Whiskey Traders – A Bootless Chase.”
“ ‘G’ writes as follows to the New York Evening Post from Fort McLeod, N.W.T.:”

“The Whiskey Trader. / How He Pursues His Calling In the Territories. / Looked Upon as a Desperate Character – How He Looks at the Law – His Methods – A Capture and an Escape – A Race for Freedom.”
“The following is ‘G.’s’ second letter to the New York Evening Post from Fort MacLeod, N.W.T.:”

T. A. Patrick Letters & Correspondence

An archive of 52 interesting and significant letters by Thomas “Alf” Patrick and his wife Marion (1889-1904). Almost all letters come with their original stamped mailing envelopes (49 envelopes in total). 44 letters are by Thomas and 8 by Marion.
Most of the letters are handwritten and signed, ranging from a single page up to five pages, often closely written. 3 are typed and signed.
In the case of letters by Thomas Patrick, many of the letters to his wife are almost in diary form recording events as they happened [often mailed from Regina]. Some letters are written when Patrick was physically sitting in the Legislative Chambers waiting for events to unfold there. These are usually on embossed North West Territory Legislative stationery.
Three themes run through the archive:

  • Significant political matters and events surrounding the period when Patrick served in the North West Territories Legislature
  • Historical events on the Prairies
  • Issues relating to a lack of infrastructure and a changing societal and political landscape due to heavy immigration into the
  • Life on the Prairies in the late 19th and early 20th centuries
  • The close personal relationship and related family matters between two early pioneers in Saskatchewan
    Topics covered include: medical, legislative matters, Indians and half-breeds, railway events, life in Saltcoats and Regina, Saskatchewan, land investments, illnesses on the prairies, people (Clifford Sifton and Frederick Haultain) and related topics, immigration, Mennonites, Hungarians, Doukhobors, infrastructure, visiting patients, and much more.

Patrick, Thomas Alfred

Copy of Jan 9, 1889 Police Report of Calgary Saloon Inspections

Three page copy of a Calgary police report written by Sergeant Ernest Cochrane to the Officer Commanding “E” Division. Sergeant Cochrane summarizes the alcoholic beverages and permits found during his searches conducted the afternoon of January 9, 1889 of Alberta Saloon, D. Cameron’s Saloon, and Pullman. He includes brand names, permit numbers, names on permits, and the number of both whole and broken bottles.
Sergeant Cochrane points out that 8 bottles of gin were found in Pullman in a search conducted December 28, 1888 but that Pullman now has 11 whole bottles and 1 broken bottle of gin while still producing the same permit number seen in the previous search. “This shows an increase of . . . 3 bottles and no new permit to cover the evident augmentation of quantity.” Sergeant Cochrane writes that “[m]y only hope is the possibility of stopping the supply in transit.”

George S. McTavish, Jr.- Incoming Correspondence

Incoming correspondence from George S. McTavish discussing his travel plans to Toronto and reporting to Winnipeg. McTavish also writes that he has a good chance at joining the Service. Correspondence sent from Montreal, Quebec to Robert Bell.

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