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1851 (Feb) from William Buckley to Smithurst

Place: Middleton [Derbyshire, England]

From: William Buckley

To: Rev’d J. Smithurst, Church Mission House, Salisbury Square, Fleet Street, London

Delivery: Forwarded by the Christian Missionary Society to Red River Settlement via Hudson’s Bay Company supply ship and canoe brigade, and then by courier to the Indian Settlement at Netley Creek

Details: 4pp + addressed envelope with postal marks (stamp removed)

Notes: William Buckley writes from England to his friend, Reverend Smithurst. Buckley mentions that cholera has killed thousands in Jamaica. He gives a detailed account of the death of his brother Francis, who died the previous November after several months of illness. William Buckley is admiring of the deep faith in God and heaven which his brother maintained. He then gives news of people they both know. He mentions Mr. Wass, Mr. Hubbersty, Mr. John Wathy, and Rev. Smithurst’s brother George and his troubles. Buckley then complains about the “radical party headed by Messrs Everett, Dunn & Griffith, assisted by the Editor of the socalled Wesleyan Times.” He blames these radicals for spreading discord, as eight local preachers have joined these “Agitators.” He mentions Mr. Greville, Mr. Jones, Mr. Barker, Mr. Harward Senior, and Mr. Frederic Harward. Mr. Alfred Alsop plans on having a business at the Viagellia [Via Gellia] Works in Bonsall. William Buckley mentions that Mr. Mason speaks highly of the new Bishop of Rupert’s Land [David Anderson]. “Mr. Mason” is presumably Reverend William Mason. Buckley mentions there is political dissatisfaction with Lord John Russell’s handling of the Pope’s proposed papal hierarchy. There is excitement for the “Exhibition of the works of arts of all nations at London” and Buckley expects the census next year to be a great deal of work for the Registrars.

Buckley, William

1851 (Mar) from Abraham Cowley to Rev. John Smithurst

Place: Red River Settlement

From: Reverend Abraham Cowley, Partridge Crop

To: Reverend John Smithurst

Details: 3pp

Notes: Partridge Crop was a missionary outpost on the northern reaches of Lake Manitoba, and was later renamed Fairford in 1851 by Bishop Anderson.

The outpost was on the left bank of the Partridge Crop River and was established by McNap for Winter trading with the Indigenous people. The lengthy letter from Cowley mentions topics such as the recent arrival of the bishop, his meeting of confirmation candidates and inspecting the school.

This letter would have travelled by canoe down Lake Winnipeg to the Red River.

Cowley, Abraham

1851 (Oct) from W. G. Smith to Smithurst

Place: Hudson's Bay House, London [England]

From: W.G. Smith

To: Revd John Smithurst, Middleton, Wirksworth, Derbyshire [England]

Details: 2pp

Notes: In this letter, Mr. Smith writes to Rev. Smithurst to let him know that his packages have arrived in England and he will forward them by train.

Smith, William Gregory

1851 (Feb) from G.W. Saxton to Smithurst

Place: Matlock Bath [Derbyshire, England]

From: G.W. Saxton

To: Rev. John Smithurst, Indian Settlement, Red River, N.W. America

Delivery: Forwarded by the Christian Missionary Society to Red River Settlement via Hudson’s Bay Company supply ship and canoe brigade, and then by courier to the Indian Settlement at Netley Creek

Details: 4pp + integral address face

Notes: George W. Saxton writes a lengthy letter to Reverend Smithurst describing deaths in the neighbourhood, fundraising activities for the Church Missionary Society, and clergymen at local parishes.

Saxton, G. W. (George Withers)

Correspondence, 2 June 1851

Copy of correspondence from George Simpson at Moose Factory to Donald Ross at Norway House.

The letter describes an incident at the district of [Kinogoumiss], which may refer to the area near Kenogamisis Lake in Ontario. The incident involved an alleged attack on Postmaster Donald Grant, who was in charge of the Flying Post. The letter states that it is not possible to bring the accused Indigenous man to trial due to a lack of evidence and other complications, so on Simpson's order, the accused attacker is to be moved to a post on the Northwest Pacific Coast so that he cannot return home. Simpson states that he cannot issue official instructions and asks for private letters to be sent to possible recipients of the accused. Since Simpson is not sure who will receive the man, letters are to be sent to "Mr. Douglas," "Mr. Work", and "Mr. Ballenderi."

Registered letter receipt, 30 September 1851

A receipt confirming a postal delivery from London, [England] to William Spratt at Fort Garry.

The letter confirms receipt of Spratt's medal, which recognizes his participation in the [Battle of] Navarino.

1852 (Jan) from John Chapman to Rev. John Smithurst

Place: Salisbury Street, Ireland

From: John Chapman, Missionary at Middle Church

To: Reverend John Smithurst, 18 Salisbury Street, Ireland

Details: 2pp

Notes: Chapman thanks Smithurst for newspapers and of his letter detailing his route to New York. He also discusses the status of the congregation and the building of a new church.

Chapman, John

1852 (Feb) from W.G. Smith to Smithurst

Place: Hudson’s Bay House, London [England]

From: W.G. Smith

To: Rev’d J. Smithurst, Wirksworth, Derbyshire (England)

Delivery: Great Britain mail

Details: 3pp + addressed envelope with postal marks (stamp removed)

Notes: Hudson’s Bay Company secretary W.G. Smith writes to say he is glad that Rev. Smithurst is enjoying himself upon his return to England, and discusses some outstanding balances due, including money from Henry Cook. He also mentions that he has a received large order from Rev. Cockran for blankets to be distributed to the Indians of his old mission.

Smith, William Gregory

1855 (Dec) from Edward Dewar to Townley

Place: Sandwich [now Windsor, ON]

From: Edward H. Dewar

To: Townley

Details: 3 pp

Notes: Rev. Dewar and Rev. Adam Townley were the editors of the "Churchman's Friend" magazine. In this letter, Rev. Dewar writes about editorial business, including subscribers, plans for articles, and printing.

Dewar, Edward H.

1855 (Dec) from Hogg to [Dewar and Townley]

Place: Munsee Town, Ekfrid P.O. [Ontario]

From: Henry C. Hogg

To: The Editors of the Churchman’s Friend

Details: 1pp. Someone has written in ink on the outside “Henry C. Hogg Esq. Dec/55” signed? underneath with the initials “AM” or “OM”

Notes: Edward Dewar and Adam Townley were the editors of the "Churchman's Friend" magazine. Mr. Hogg writes to them requesting a replacement copy as his subscription copy did not reach him.

1856 (Jan) from Edward Dewar to Townley

Place: Sandwich [now Windsor, ON]

From: Edward H. Dewar

To: Townley

Details: 3pp

Notes: Rev. Dewar and Rev. Adam Townley were co-editors of the “Churchman’s Friend” magazine. In this letter, Rev. Dewar writes about editorial matters, including the bursting of an envelope bound for Toronto, the decision to not include several articles in the coming issue, and the first complaint letter.

Dewar, Edward H.

1856 (Nov) from U. Goodman to unknown

Place: Newark, N.J. [New Jersey]

From: U. Goodman

To: unknown

Details: 4 pp

Notes: The unknown clergyman who received this letter ordered a bundle of 700 pamphlets of the second edition of a treatise arguing against "that evident power of the Devil, the public school system of America." The writer mentions a controversy involving the High School of Boston and another incident which he refers to as "the Denison case in the Mother Land."

1857 (Jan) fragment from E.G. Gear to Smithurst

Place: Fort Snelling, Minnesota Territory

From: E.G. Gear

To: Rev & dear Brother [likely Rev. J. Smithurst]

Delivery: unknown

Details: Letter fragment. 4pp

Notes: While unsigned, this letter fragment is obviously authored by Rev. E.G. Gear, both from the address at Fort Snelling and from the unique handwriting. It was likely sent to Reverend John Smithurst. In this letter, Rev. Gear describes a riding accident where he broke his leg below the knee.

Gear, Ezekiel Gilbert

1857 (Apr and May) from W.H. Taylor to Smithurst

Place: Saint James, Assiniboia [Red River Settlement]

From: W. H. Taylor

To: Rev. J. Smithurst, Harriston [Ontario]

Delivery: Postal system in Canada

Details: 16pp + addressed envelope with postal marks

Notes: A long and detailed letter from Reverend William Henry Taylor of Saint James parish along the Assiniboine River. Rev. Taylor writes to Rev. John Smithurst, updating him on the Red River Settlement. Much of the news has to do with repairing the extensive damage caused by the great flood in 1852. No one seems to be able to find enough workers for these repairs.

Mentioned are:
Father E.G. Gear, who broke his leg.
Mr. Robert Logan and Mrs. Logan, who are living near where the flax mill stood.
Old Mr. Pritchard and his wife died.
Their son, Sam Pritchard, teaches at St. Paul's school. His brother, Arelui (?), married.
Mr. Smith the Collector and Mr. Pruden are briefly mentioned.
Rev. Abraham Cowley and Mrs. Cowley are mentioned multiple times. Rev. Cowley now has a Seraphine instrument which Mrs. Cowley plays during services. Rev. Cowley also has detailed plans for the repair and renovation of his church.
Archdeacon James Hunter now has a barrel organ at the Rapids church (also known as St. Andrew's).
Thomas Cook is catechist at Nepowewin mission. Rev. Henry Budd says the work there is difficult.
Rev. Robert Hunt is at English River, also known as the Stanley mission near Lac la Ronge, and he is building an expensive and impressive church.
Rev. Henry Budd is at The Pas with a young Rev. Henry George, but plans to leave for Nepowewin permanently in the Spring.
Rev. William Stagg is struggling at Manitoba.
Rev. Kirkby is still assistant at St. Andrew's.
McDonald is at Islington (White Dog) but has health problems.
Watkins is leaving Fort George possibly for Cumberland.
Rev. William Mason has success in his work, but following the Bishop's visit, disease broke out and killed multiple Natives. Small pox is rampant among the Plains people in the area of Beaver Creek and Touchwood Hills.
The steam mill is producing excellent flour.
Political unrest as renewal of the Hudson's Bay Company's charter is being debated in England. A Mr. Kennedy and Donald Gunn have written and circulated a petition to the Canadian Legislature urging them to become involved.

Taylor, William Henry

1857 (Oct) from the congregation of St. John’s Church, Elora

Place: Elora [Ontario]

From: the Congregation of St. John's Church, Elora

To: Rev’d John Smithurst

Delivery: unknown

Details: 2pp

Notes: Upon Rev. John Smithurst’s resignation from St. John's Church in Elora, on the grounds of his inability to continue to perform the duties of his office, his congregation presented this petition to him in appreciation of his contributions to them and their community.

The petition is signed by 29 parishioners. Two surnames could not be deciphered.

William Reynolds, Church Warden
John S. Crossman, Church Warden

John Burke
William Carter
George Crane
F Dalby
Thomas Farrow
Andrew Geddes
Thomas Greathead
D. Henderroll(?)
Edwin Henry Kertland
George W. Kirkendall
John J. Marten
Valentine McKenzie
John M. McLean
Edw H. Newman
Richard Newman
Robert M. Newman
Walter P. Newman
Philip Pepler
James Reynolds
William Reynolds
Hugh Roberts
James L. Ross
David Smith
David Smith Jr.
Henry Smith

1857 (Oct) from Bethune, Palmer & Osler to the Bishop of Toronto

Place: Guelph [Ontario]

From: A.N. Bethune, Archdeacon of York; Arthur Palmer, Rector of Guelph & Rural Dean; F.L. Osler, Rector of Ancaster cum Dundas & Rural Dean

To: Bishop of Toronto

Delivery: unknown

Details: 4pp (secretarial copy)

Notes: A copy of the report submitted by Bethune, Palmer, and Osler on their inquiry into John Smithurst’s absence from his missionary post at Elora in the county of Wellington in the diocese of Toronto. John Strachan, Bishop of Toronto, requested these men investigate the allegation that Reverend Smithurst abandoned his post without permission. Churchwardens William Reynolds and J.S. Crossman in Elora confirmed that Rev. Smithurst had been largely absent since the end of April, sometimes remaining only a week at a time. The Churchwardens said Rev. Smithurst was unable “to read or preach in a tone of voice audible to all the members of his congregation; but admitted that his bodily health was on the whole vigorous.” Andrew Geddes confirmed the frequent absence of Rev. Smithurst, who is said to have taken up residence in the township of Minto. The report recommends the Bishop demand Rev. Smithurst's resignation.

Bethune, Alexander Neil

1857 (May) from Rev. Dewar to Townley

Place: Windsor

From: Edward H. Dewar

To: Townley

Details: 4 pp

Notes: Rev. Dewar and Rev. Adam Townley were the editors of the "Churchman's Friend" magazine. In this letter, Rev. Dewar scolds Rev. Townley for not submitting an article for the coming issue. Rev. Dewar points out that he has more than enough trouble from his church, where roof repairs cannot continue due to lack of money. He then relates how dismayed he is at the behaviour of two young women in his congregation who tried to run off to a Catholic convent. Rev. Dewar interfered and the ladies will no longer speak to him. He discusses strategy surrounding the upcoming Synod, criticizing the bishop's plans. In a postscript, he refers to two upcoming articles, one on "Spirit-rapping & Popery" and another which he intends to write as the start of a series about missionary life in Canada.

Dewar, Edward H.

1857 (Oct) from George Whitaker to unknown

Place: Trinity College Toronto

From: George Whitaker

To: unknown

Details: Trinity College Toronto blue letterhead, one sheet of paper

Notes: A letter written by George Whitaker in his role as provost at Trinity College. He responds to a student who will receive his Master of Arts degree on November 12. The student also inquired about working for the college, to which Whitaker expresses interest.

Whitaker, George

1857 (Nov) from Rev. Smithurst to Members of St. John’s in Elora

Place: Lea Hurst, Minto [Ontario]

From: John Smithurst

To: The C.W, Pewholders and other members of the St. Johns Ch Elora

Details: 4pp

Notes: This document is the rough draft of Reverend Smithurst’s letter of thanks to his congregation for their expression of kindness as he leaves Elora. Addressed to the Church Wardens, Pewholders, and congregation at large of St. John's in Elora, he cites the loss of his voice as one of the reasons for leaving. In a postscript, he says that the bishop [John Strachan] has offered him a compromise on the issue of wages still owing. By accepting this compromise, Smithurst wishes to protect the Church from scandal.

Smithurst, John

1857 (Nov) from John Strachan to Arthur Palmer

Place: Toronto

From: John Toronto

To: Rev. A. Palmer

Details: 4pp

Notes: A copy of a private letter written by John Strachan, Bishop of Toronto to Rev. Arthur Palmer of Guelph, Canada West.

In this letter, Bishop Strachan responds to a letter written by Rev. Palmer which enclosed a letter sent to him by Mr. Geddes, a prominent member of the congregation at Elora. The bishop expresses anger and frustration with Reverend John Smithurst for abandoning his parish at Elora and refusing to tender his resignation. Mr. Geddes proposed a solution to the impasse, but the bishop gives detailed reasons why the proposal in unacceptable. Bishop Strachan plans to appoint a commission to investigate Rev. Smithurst's conduct.

The context of this letter is confusing, given that Bethune, Palmer, and Osler had already visited Elora and completed a report on Rev. Smithurst's absence dated October 22, 1857. Also, Rev. Smithurst indicated in his letter of November 3 to the Elora congregation that he had resigned. Perhaps a delayed postal delivery is to blame for this confusion.

Strachan, John

1857 Copies of Despatches Regarding the Establishment of a Representative Assembly at Vancouver's Island

On the cover: Vancouver's Island-Return to an Address of the Honourable The house of Commons, dated 25 June 1857;-for "Copies of Extracts of any Despatches that have been received by Her Majesty's Secretary of State for the Colonies, on the subject of the Establishment of a Representative Assembly at Vancouver's Island."

Document is a compilation of Despatches, (original spelling), from the Right Hon. H. Labouchere, M.P., and from Governor Douglas, regarding correspondence relating to the establishment of a representative assembly at Vancouver's Island. All pages are typewritten, with minor foxing along the edges.

1858 Correspondence Relating to The Hudson's Bay Company

On the cover: Hudson's Bay Company-Return to an Address of the Honourable The House of Commons, dated 16 February 1858;-for, "Copies or Extracts of any Correspondence that has taken place between the Colonial Office and the Hudson's Bay Company, or the Government of Canada, in consequence of the Report of the Select Committee on the Affairs of the Company which sat in the last Session of Parliament."

1858 (Feb) from David Anderson to Smithurst

Place: Bishop’s Court [the name of the bishop's home in Red River]

From: David Rupertsland

To: Rev. J. Smithurst, Elora nr Guelph, Canada West

Delivery: Postal system in the U.S.A. and Canada

Details: 8pp on blue paper + addressed envelope with postal marks (stamp removed)

Notes: A friendly letter dated February 18th from David Anderson, Lord Bishop of Rupert’s Land, to Reverend John Smithurst. Postscript written February 27th.

Anderson, David

1858 Resolution: renewal of HBC rights

A document titled: "Resolutions to be proposed by the Hon. Mr. Loranger, in reference to Rupert's land, the Indian Territory and the affairs of the Hudson Bay Company." Printed by the Queen's Printer, S. Derbishire & G. Desbarats.

The six (6) resolutions propose a limited renewal of the Hudson's Bay Company's trading rights. The proposal is for the Canadian government to assume all territory the HBC claimed, allowing the company to retain only those lands on which it had built or otherwise improved. The HBC would not be eligible for compensation from lands lost.

Resolution challenging HBC rights

A document titled: "Resolutions to be moved by Mr. Dawson for An Address to Her Majesty, on the subject of the North Western parts of this Province, the Indian Territories and the Hudson's Bay Company." From the first (1st) session of the sixth (6th) Parliament. Printed by order of the Legislative Assembly by the printer John Lovell in Toronto.

This document has eighteen (18) resolutions outlining the history of the Hudson's Bay Company, challenging the validity of HBC's trading rights, and proposing that their lease to trade within the so-called "Indian Territories" not be renewed.

1859 (May) Letter from J. B. Robinson

Place: Toronto

From: J.B. Robinson

To: [Reverend C.E. Thomson]

Delivery: unknown

Details: 2pp

Notes: A short letter regarding the approaching Diocesan Synod and representatives from St. John’s Church in Elora.
Note on the back says “J.B. Robinson Esq. Read May 13/59.” While the recipient is not named, it is likely to be Reverend C. E. Thomson who led the Elora parish in 1859. J. B. Robinson is possibly Sir John Beverley Robinson, the noted lawyer and judge.

1859 (Dec) from J.S. Lauder to Thompson

Place: Ottawa

From: J.S. Lauder

To: Thompson

Details: 4pp

Notes: J.S. Lauder is likely Reverend John Strutt Lauder of Christ Church in Ottawa, and later archdeacon of Ottawa. Lauder writes in response to a letter from his friend Thompson regarding a young man, Finlayson. Lauder regrets to say that he does not know the current whereabouts of Finlayson, but his investigations suggest that Finlayson has gone off to “sow his wild oats.”

A notation reads “J.S. Lauder Rec'd Dec 12/59.”

1859 (Nov & Dec) from William Henry Woollacott

Place: Hastenges Road Uper Canada [Hastings Road, Upper Canada]

From: William Henery Woollacott
From: Philip [surname unknown]

To: forther and Mother
To: Andrew

Notes: This sheet of paper has two letters written on it. The first letter is from a young man who signs his name "William Henery Woollacott." The second letter is from a man who signs his name "Philip."

In his letter, William writes to tell his parents that he and Mary reached Canada safely. William tells of the boat trip from Liverpool to New York and the difficult time he's had reaching Philip's home in Canada. He is very excited at the chance to buy his own farm. "P.S. we live in a plase called the shanty 16 feet square & I can tuch the ruff With my head it is bult with wood." [P.S. We live in a place called the shanty 16 feet square and I can touch the roof with my head. It is built with wood.]

In his letter, Philip is furious with Andrew for sending William to North America with no money, bedclothes, or supplies, and at the beginning of winter. They have already spent Philip's savings and they cannot find work. They have only potatoes and turnips to eat, and those will not last the winter. He tells Andrew to send money.

1859 (Feb) from David Anderson to Smithurst

Place: [Red River?]

From: David Rupertsland

To: The Rev J Smithurst, Lea Hurst, Harriston P.O., Minto, Wellington, Canada West

Delivery: Postal system in Canada.

Details: 2pp + addressed envelope with postal marks (stamp removed)

Notes: A short letter written by David Anderson, Lord Bishop of Rupert’s Land, to Reverend Smithurst with recent news.

Anderson, David

An Act to Raise a Loan for Victoria and Esquimalt Harbour Dues

Title: An act to authorize the raising of a Loan of Ten Thousand Pounds upon the security of the Dues and Monies levied by virtue of the "Victoria and Esquimalt Harbour Dues Act 1860."

Document describes the payment to the Treasury of Vancouver Island in a separate fund titled the "Harbour Fund," along with the creation of a Harbour Commission.

Roman Catholic Land Act 1861

Title: British Columbia Proclamation by His Excellency James Douglas, Companion of the Most Honorable Order of the Bath, Governor and Commander-in-Chief of British Columbia and its Dependencies, Vice-Admiral of the same, &c., &c.

Details the power granted to James Douglas and his intentions to set aside land for the use of the Roman Catholic Church. Proclamation to be cited as the "Roman Catholic Land Act, 1861."

Pre-Emption Consolidation Act, 1861

Title: British Columbia Proclamation By His Excellency, James Douglas, Companion of the Most Honorable Order of the Bath, Governor and Commander-in-Chief of British Columbia, and its Dependencies, Vice-Admiral of the same, &c., &c.

Details the amendment of the laws affecting the settlement of unsurveyed Crown Lands in British Columbia. This proclamation may be cited as the "Pre-emption Consolidation Act, 1861."

1861 September Notes - St. John's Elora

Notes for a sermon given at St. John's church in Elora (Canada West, later Ontario). Identified on the back as "September Notes."

The Reverend C.E. Thomson served at St. John's from 1857-1877, and is the likely author of this sermon.

The sermon begins with Luke XII.21 "So is he that layeth up treasure for himself, and is not rich toward God."

Thomson, C.E. (Charles Edward)

Proclamation for the Government of British Columbia

Title: British Columbia Proclamation By His Excellency James Douglas, Companion of the Most Honorable Order of the Bath, Governor and Commander-in-Chief of British Columbia and its Dependencies, Vice-Admiral of the same, &c., &c.

Details the making of James Douglas as the Governor of the Colony of British Columbia with all the power to make laws, institutions, and ordinances, for the peace, order and good Government of the same. Details the allowance for the raising of funds and loans for the establishment of the colony.

1862 (Nov) from Andrew Geddes to Smithurst

Place: C.L.O., Elora

From: Andrew Geddes

To: The Revd John Smithurst, Lea Hurst, Minto

Delivery: unknown

Details: 2pp + 1 pp (response in hand of Smithurst, and signed by him)

Notes: Correspondence from Andrew Geddes of the Crown Lands Office (C.L.O.) to Rev. Smithurst regarding the sale of two lots of land in the county of Minto. The lots stand in the name of David M. Bridgeford or Bridgford, and so Mr. Geddes asks Rev. Smithurst for further information. Mr. Geddes also updates Rev. Smithurst on the recovery of Mr. R. Caldwell, who nearly died of illness.

Rev. Smithurst responds on the same sheet of paper. He does not date his response, which presumably means that it is a rough draft of the actual letter he sent to Mr. Geddes.

Rev. Smithurst’s response explains that there is no such person as David W. Bridgford. John Bridgford had already purchased three lots in the Minto land sale but used the name of his dead son to buy additional land. John Bridgford could not transfer ownership of these additional lots without revealing his fraud. Bridgford tried to sell the land to a Mr. Thomas Dalley Senior, but Mr. Dalley refused to pay until Bridgford’s ownership could be tested. Later, Mr. Dalley split the two lots between his sons, William and Thomas Junior. William has never resided on his parcel and has tried to sell it without success. Thomas Jun. has cleared land and put up buildings. Rev. Smithurst believes Thomas Jun. would be entitled to squatter's rights.

Geddes, Andrew

Crown Officers' Salaries Act, 1863

Title: British Columbia Proclamation No. 12, A.D.1863, By His Excellency, James Douglas, Companion of the Most Honorable Order of the Bath, Governor and Commander-in-Chief of British Columbia, and its Dependencies, Vice-Admiral of the same, &c., &c.

Details the pay to be determined for those holding government positions in British Columbia.

1863 (Jan) from Adam Townley to Bishop Strachan

Date: January 1863, Epiphany

Place: Paris, C.W. [Canada West]

From: Adam Townley

To: The Honble and Right Reverend The Lord Bishop of Toronto

Details: 4 pp

Notes: The rough draft of a letter written by Reverend Townley to John Strachan, Bishop of Toronto. In the letter, Rev. Townley respectfully asks for a promotion.

Townley, Adam

Cook's Ferry and Clinton Road Bond Act 1863

Title: British Columbia Proclamation No. 9, A.D. 1863 By His Excellency James Douglas, Companion of the Most Honourable Order of the Bath, Governor and Commander-in-Chief of British Columbia and its Dependencies, Vice-Admiral of the same, &c., &c.

Details and Indenture between Richard Clement Moody and William Hood regarding the creation of Waggon Road and Works.

Budget for British Columbia for the year 1864

Title: British Columbia No. 3. An Ordinance to apply the sum of One hundred and thirty five thousand, six hundred and thirty nine pounds, sixteen shillings and seven pence, Sterling, out of the General Revenue of the Colony of British Columbia and its Dependencies, to the service of the year One thousand eight hundred and sixty four.

Contains the schedule, including costs, for all the government departments necessary for the running of the British Columbian government.

Treaty Between Her Majesty and the USA Regarding the Hudson's Bay and Puget's Sound Agricultural Companies

Title: Treaty Between Her Majesty and The United States of America, for The Settlement of the Claims of the Hudson's Bay and Puget's Sound Agricultural Companies Signed at Washington, July 1, 1863. Presented to both Houses of Parliament by Command of Her Majesty. 1864

Details the various articles surrounding the settlement of the claims between The Hudson's Bay Company and Puget Sound, WA, USA.

1864 HBC employment contract

This fill-in-the-blank contract is for employment with Hudson's Bay in North America in the capacity of labourer for a term of five years. It is signed by Andrew Groundwater in the Parish of Orkney & Shetland.
Printed in lower left of contract: 500 - 12 - 62.

Fur store report, 1864

A report detailing the quantity and condition of furs received at York Factory during the summer of 1864 from various districts of the Northern Department. The letter is signed "MKR."

Districts included in the report are the following: Athabasca District, English River, Saskatchewan District, Cumberland District, Swan River District, Lower Red River District, [Lac] la Pluie District, Norway House District, [Island] Lake Post, Severn Post, Trout Lake Post, and Churchill Post.

The First Telegraph Act, 1864

Title: An Act To grant the right to construct a Telegraph Line connecting Victoria with the Telegraph System of the United States, and for other purposes.

This act, signed in print by James Douglas, the first governor of the province of British Columbia, authorized the construction of a telegraph line connecting Victoria with the California State Telegraph Company.

1860—1869

This series contains all items in the collection created between 1860 and 1869.

Correspondence with envelope, 1865

A letter and handmade envelope made of birch bark. The envelope is addressed to [Revd] William [MacLaren] at Belleville, C. W. [Canada West?]. Postage stamps on the envelope mark the letter's transit.

1864 & 1865 Ordinance for the Budget of the Colony of British Columbia

Title: British Columbia. Anno Vicesimo Nono. No. 11. An Ordinance granting a Supplemental Supply of Thirty-two Thousand Four Hundred and Fifty-six Pounds, Seven Shillings, and Five Pence, out of the General Revenue of the Colony of British Columbia and its Dependencies, to the service of the years One Thousand Eight Hundred and Sixty-four and five respectively.

Details the request to the British Government for additional funds for the running of the Colony of British Columbia.

1866 Ordinance for the Yearly Budget

Title: British Columbia. Anno Vicesimo Nono. Victoriae Reginae. No. 4. An Ordinance to apply the sum of Seven Hundred and Twenty Two Thousand One Hundred and Fourteen Dollars and Five Cents, out of the General Revenue of the Colony of British Columbia and its Dependencies, to the service of the year One Thousand Eight Hundred and Sixty Six.

Details the request for money for the year from the British Government in order to run the Colony of British Columbia. Back page lists the salaries of government officials, as well as the cost for services.

The Companies' Ordinance, 1866

Title: British Columbia. Anno Vicesimo Nono. Victoriae Reginae. No. 5. An Ordinance to amend the Law relating to Joint Stock Companies.

Details 12 changes/amendments made to the Joint Stock Companies Laws in British Columbia.

Pre-emptions Ordinance, Short Title, 1866

Title: British Columbia. Anno Vicesimo Nono. Victoriae Reginae. No. 13. An Ordinance further to define the law regulating the acquisition of Land in British Columbia.

Details 4 clauses to be used to further define the laws governing land acquisition in British Columbia, centering around the adjustment of boundaries and other matters.

The County Court Ordinance, 1866

Title: British Columbia. Anno Vicesimo Nono. Victoriae Reginae. No.14. An Ordinance amending the procedure of the County Courts of the Colony of British Columbia.

Details the creation and amendment of rules concerning a clear and speedy method of recovering small debts in British Columbia.

The Ferry Ordinance, 1866

Title: British Columbia. Anno Vicesimo Nono. Victoriae Reginae. No. 9. An Ordinance for the Regulation of Ferries and Bridges.

Details additional rules and regulations placed upon ferries and bridges, including maintenance, toll charges, and proper conduct.

The Game Ordinance, Short Title, 1867

Title: British Columbia. Anno Tricesimo. Victoriae Reginae. No. 8. An Ordinance to prohibit the unseasonable destruction of Game.

Details the creation of ordinances in order to protect game of various descriptions from being killed out of season.

Papers Relating to Rupert's Land

Title: Canada (Rupert's Land). Copy or Extracts of Correspondence between the Colonial Office, the Government of the Canadian Dominion, and the Hudson's Bay Company, relating to the Surrender of Rupert's Land by the Hudson's Bay Company, and for the Admission thereof into the Dominion of Canada. Ordered by The House of Commons.

Contains multiple letters to and from various parties, including: Despatches [sic] from the Governor, Despatches from the Secretary of State, Correspondence Between the Colonial Office and the Hudson's Bay Company, Correspondence Between the Colonial Office and Sir G. Cartier and Mr. McDougall (Delegates).

The Fence Ordinance, 1869

Title: British Columbia. Anno Tricesimo Secundo. Victoriae Reginae. No. 9. An Ordinance to provide for the Fencing of Land in British Columbia.

Details the creation of ordinances to provide for proper fencing of lands in the colony of British Columbia.

Papers on the Union of British Columbia with the Dominion of Canada, 1869

British Columbia. Papers of the Union of British Columbia with the Dominion of Canada [March 1868 to March 1869]. Includes the letter to Governor Seymour by delegates of a Convention held at Yale, B.C., with a copy of the resolutions passed, and an Address on the desirability of establishing Representative Institutions, with responsible Government, in the Colony, and the necessity for retrenchment in the public expenditure. [Donor's notes].

PE001059 - Army Medical Department Report for the Year 1870

Comprehensive report by the Army Medical Department in the United Kingdom, providing statistical information and descriptive reports on disease, mortality, sanitation and healthcare among the troops. The overall report is divided geographically, with areas covered including the British Isles, Ireland, the Mediterranean, Canada, the Caribbean, Sierra Leone and the Gold Coast, Mauritius, Ceylon and Labuan, China and Japan, and India, as well as a section devote to troops embarked on ships. For most areas, statistic appear to be for Caucasian troops only. In addition, twenty-one appendices are included, covering reports and papers, case notes, orders and administrative documentation, and statistical abstracts.

Of particular interest, in the context of the Prairie collection, is the information on Canada, from pages 62 – 67, and medical history of the Red River Expedition on pages 448 – 473.

Sir Samuel Steele Collection

  • 2008.1
  • 1870-1978

Contains correspondences, personal and professional papers, diaries, scrapbooks, photographs, maps, financial and legal records, and AV materials. The collection is mainly comprised of records created by Samuel Steele, Marie Harwood Steele, Harwood Steele, and Flora Steele.

Explore the digital collection at http://steele.library.ualberta.ca/index.html

Macdonell, Albert Edward Cortland

County Courts Amendment Ordinance, 1870

Title: British Columbia. Anno Tricesimo Tertio. Victoriae Reginae. No. 10. An Ordinance to alter and amend the "County Court Ordinance, 1867".

Details the amendments made to the County Court Ordinance of 1867 for the purpose of better administering justice.

The Election Regulation Act, 1871

Title: British Columbia. Anno Tricesimo Quarto. Victoriae Reginae. No.13. An Act to regulate Elections of Members of the Legislature of this Colony.

Details certain provisions made as to the regulation of elections of members of the Legislative Council

Correspondence with envelope, 27 September 1871

Correspondence from W. J. Christie at Lower Fort Garry to J. S. Helmcken at Victoria, [Vancouver Island?] Also included is a small, blue envelope marked with Helmcken's name and location.

The sender informs the recipient that he and other Hudson's Bay officers in London, [England] would like to formally express respect and esteem to Donald A. Smith and asks if the recipient will join them in doing so.

1871 HBC deed poll

A document titled: "Deed Poll by the Governor and Company of Hudson's Bay, for conducting their trade in North America, and for defining the rights and prescribing the duties of their officers." Printed by Sir Joseph Causton & Sons, London, United Kingdom.

From notes provided by the donor: "An internal document outlining the rights and duties of H.B.C. officers, outlines the number of Chief Factors, Factors, Chief Traders and Junior Chief Traders, the distribution of shares, and many other details."

1870—1879

This series contains all items in the collection created between 1870 and 1879.

Correspondence, 17 June 1871

Correspondence from Donald A. Smith at Hudson's Bay House, London, [England] to Henry Connolly at Rigolet, Labrador Coast. Also included is a handwritten transcript and a brief description of significant people and places mentioned in the letter.

The letter asks the recipient to allow the passage of [Mr. McArthur], who has recently retired, through Labrador.

The descriptive document provides some biographical information about Donald Smith and Henry Connolly as well as some information about Fort Rigolette [sic].

Correspondence

Contains correspondence to Robert Bell from various associates. Letters describe a wide range of events and activities including managing trading posts, personal life, survey work, and specimen study. Most letters were written in locations across Canada and sent to Dr Bell at the Geological Survey headquarters in Montreal, Quebec.

Robert Bell collection

  • QE 22 B45 A4
  • Collection
  • 1872-1911

The collection contains correspondence, field notes, and receipts that pertain to Robert Bell. This collection is organized into two series. The correspondence in Series 1 are arranged by name of correspondent. Most correspondence are incoming letters to Dr Bell sent to the Geological survey headquarters in Montreal, Quebec, from locations across Canada . The field notes in Series 2 are arranged chronologically.

Bell, Robert

A. MacDonald Correspondence

Contains correspondence to Robert Bell from A. MacDonald. Correspondence contains personal communications regarding supplies and provisions. Correspondence sent from Hudson's Bay Company Fort Albany to the Geological Survey headquarters in Montreal, Quebec.

A. MacDonald- Incoming Correspondence

Incoming correspondence from A. MacDonald discussing the firing of a manager who used company flour and oatmeal for personal use. Correspondence sent from the Hudson's Bay Company, Fort Albany to Geological Survey headquarters in Montreal, Quebec. Note on the letter indicates it was received at Fort Garry on 19 July 1873.

1873 (Jul) Letter to Bishop

Place: Elora

From: [Rev. C.E. Thomson]

To: Possibly addressed to Bishop of Toronto, Alexander Bethune

Delivery: unknown

Details: One sheet of paper, embossed.

Notes: A letter, marked "Copy," written July 23, 1873 in Elora. The recipient of the letter is likely the Bishop of Toronto, Alexander Neil Bethune. Although the signature is illegible, the probable author is Reverend C. E. Thomson. Various notes and numbers written on the back. Rev. Thomson writes that he would prefer Thorold, but will take Newmarket for the following Sunday. He also relates his opinion on the behaviour of Mr. Butler, who "has forgotten himself since he came to Fergus, but not at Elora so far as I know." Thomson asks that Bishop Bethune consider his remarks confidential.

Thomson, C.E. (Charles Edward)

1873 (Apr) Letter from Alexander Neil Bethune, Bishop of Toronto

Place: Cobourg

From: A.N. Toronto

To: Mr .Thomson

Details: 4pp

Notes: A letter written April 12, 1873 in Cobourg, Ontario by "A. N. Toronto," who is Alexander Neil Bethune, Bishop of Toronto. The bishop writes to Reverend C.E. Thomson to advise him on a special service for baptisms, and some other church matters. Mr. Rowsell is mentioned with regards to exposing tracts. The bishop goes on to say that he plans on traveling from Guelph by train on Monday, June 2nd for the purposes of performing confirmations and laying the cornerstone for the new church.

Bethune, Alexander Neil

A. MacDonald- Incoming Correspondence

Incoming correspondence from A. MacDonald noting provisions left at a location had been stolen. Correspondence sent from the Hudson's Bay Company, Fort Albany to Geological Survey headquarters in Montreal, Quebec.

1873 (Jul) Letter from Alexander Neil Bethune, Bishop of Toronto

Place: Collingwood

From: A.N. Toronto

To: Mr. Thomson

Details: 2pp

Notes: A letter written July 29, 1873 in Collingwood, Ontario by "A. N. Toronto," which is the signature used by Alexander Neil Bethune, Bishop of Toronto. While the recipient is not named, this letter appears to be in response to "1873 - Letter to Bishop," a letter dated July 23 and which is attributable to Rev. C. E. Thomson.

Bethune, Alexander Neil

William Armstrong Correspondence

Contains correspondence to Robert Bell from William Armstrong. Correspondence contains personal communications regarding drawings and sketches. Correspondence sent from Toronto, Ontario to the Geological Survey headquarters in Montreal, Quebec. William Armstrong (1822-1914) immigrated to Canada from Ireland in 1851. He was a railway engineer and enjoyed painting and sketching. More information on William Armstrong can be found in the Canadian Encyclopaedia.

William Armstrong- Incoming Correspondence

Incoming correspondence from William Armstrong discussing frustration with the advisory board for not displaying some of his sketches. Correspondence sent from Toronto to Geological Survey headquarters in Montreal, Quebec.

S. K. Parson Correspondence

Contains correspondence to Robert Bell from S. K. Parson. Correspondence contains personal communications regarding business, family, events in the area, and accounts. Correspondence sent from Moose Factory, Winnipeg, and Montreal to the Geological Survey headquarters in Montreal, Quebec.

S. K. Parson- Incoming Correspondence

Incoming correspondence from S.K. Parson discussing payments given by Dr. Bell for covering wages and supplies. Correspondence sent from Moose Factory, Ontario to the Geological Survey headquarters in Montreal, Quebec.

D. F. MacDonald Correspondence

Contains correspondence to Robert Bell from A. MacDonald. Correspondence contains personal communications regarding missing items belonging to Dr. Bell. Correspondence sent from Parry Sound, Ontario to the Geological Survey headquarters in Montreal, Quebec.

D. F. MacDonald- Incoming Correspondence

Incoming correspondence from D. F. MacDonald discussing items belonging to Dr. Bell that are missing or stolen. Correspondence sent from Parry Sound, Ontario to the Geological Survey Headquarters in Montreal, Quebec.

William Armstrong- Incoming Correspondence

Incoming correspondence from William Armstrong requesting information on the best routes between Michipicoten and Moose Factory for sketching in the spring. Correspondence sent from Toronto, Ontario to Geological Survey headquarters in Montreal, Quebec.

PE001565 - Photographs: [Scenes at home and abroad, Xmas 1938]

Many of the photographs appear to have been taken in conjunction with visits of medical teams to First Nations communities in Saskatchewan. These teams were working to diagnose and treat cases of tuberculosis - a disease that was extremely prevalent among the Indigenous peoples of western Canada during this period. This association is not made explicit in the album's captions, but there are a number of photographs of the Fort Qu'Appelle Sanatorium. Moreover, at least two of the individuals identified in the album may have been associated with the anti-tuberculosis campaign in Saskatchewan. Dr. R.G. Ferguson - Director of the Fort Qu'Appelle Sanatorium from 1917 to 1948 - was the province's leading tuberculosis researcher and administrator. Dr. Austin Simes, a collaborator of Ferguson, was appointed medical superintendent of the Qu'Appelle Indian Health Unit in 1929.

The R.S. Connell identified on the album’s first page may have worked with these men. C. Stuart Houston's biography of Ferguson mentions the significant contribution to the anti-tuberculosis programme made by Robert S. Connell and his brother, James. Houston writes that "[t]he story begins in early 1923, when Robert S. Connell was on staff as 'assistant technician, x-ray'…. Later, Robert's brother James was also hired.… The two Connell brothers had a natural talent for radiography. Robert pioneered the makeshift methods for taking a portable generator and x-ray machine to the File Hills Indian Reserve and to Indian schools for Dr. A.B. Simes." (R.G. Ferguson: Crusader against tuberculosis, Toronto: Hannah Institute, 1991, p. 103).

This generator may be captured in one of the images. Mr. Connell certainly appears to have travelled to the two places most prominently featured in the album: Lac la Ronge and Beauval. Houston notes on page 98 of his book that Dr. Simes and Mr. Connell flew to these communities in 1937.

The album also contains photographs from other Saskatchewan communities, including Ile-a-la-Crosse, Lebret, Onion Lake, Montreal Lake, Piapot Reserve, Little Pines Reserve, and Red Pheasant Reserve. Also present are a number of postcards and other reproductions capturing scenes from Fort Walsh and the North-west Rebellion of 1885.

Broderick, Jeanette

F. Buller

Incoming correspondence from F. Buller regarding missing books. Correspondence sent from St. Catherine Street, Montreal, Quebec to the Geological Survey headquarters in Montreal.

F. Buller Correspondence

Contains correspondence to Robert Bell from F. Buller. Correspondence contains personal communications regarding missing books. Correspondence sent from Montreal, Quebec to the Geological Survey headquarters in Montreal, Quebec.

Alexander Matheson Correspondence

Contains correspondence to Robert Bell from Alexander Matheson. Correspondence contains personal communications regarding provisions, accounts, goods, and fauna. Correspondence sent from Rat Portage, Ontario to the Geological Survey headquarters in Montreal, Quebec. Alexander Matheson (1844-1904) was a fur trader and entered the Hudson's Bay Company's service in 1861. At the time of his correspondence to Dr. Bell, Matheson was the manager at Rat Portage, now Kenora. More information on Alexander Matheson can be found on the Manitoba Historical Society's website.

Alex Matheson- Incoming Correspondence

Incoming correspondence from Alex Matheson regarding his search for a book for Dr. Bell. Correspondence sent from West Lynne, Manitoba to the Geological Survey headquarters in Montreal, Quebec.

S. K. Parson- Incoming Correspondence

Incoming correspondence from S.K. Parson discussing a ship that sunk at York, but everyone made it on shore safely. Parson also provides his candid opinion about documents that got mixed up involving the Bishop and appointed Secretary. Correspondence sent from Moose Factory, Ontario to the Geological Survey headquarters in Montreal, Quebec.

S. K. Parson- Incoming Correspondence

Incoming correspondence from S.K. Parson describing a trip to Winnipeg. Correspondence sent from Moose Factory, Ontario to the Geological Survey headquarters in Montreal, Quebec.

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