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Administration

The Administrative records cover a period from 1980 to 1996 and document Chinook and Fringe Theater eras. They include minutes of the Board of Directors, various committee minutes, correspondence, financial statements, fund raising files, marketing reports, feasibility studies and on-site survey results. The records are grouped chronologically into five categories reflecting different administrative activities: Board of Directors work; general administration; financial duties; fund raising; and various reports.

Design

The design records cover a period from 1989 to 1995. They consist of photocopies, original sketches, and handwritten notes for both costume and set design from various productions. Included in this series are the ground plans for the Strathcona Bus Barns.

Fringe Seasons

The Chinook/Fringe series constitutes the bulk of the fonds' records. They cover the period from 1982 to 1997 documenting the work of both the Chinook and Fringe eras. The records divide into seven sub-series documenting a wide range of activities concerning theatre production and operation. These categories are: Chinook/Fringe General; Fourth Fringe Entries; Fifth Fringe Entries; Posters; Program Copy and Graphics; Programs; and Publicity. Within each sub-series the record are arranged chronologically. Included in the many types of documents are correspondence, casting sheets, various original sketches and printed graphics, contact lists, press packages, production run reports, schedules, advertising copy and programs from nineteen different Fringe festivals.

Photographic Material

The photographs document the period from 1993 to 1995. They consist of thirty-six colour and black and white photographs chronologically arranged from nine identified productions. The photos document plays, promotions and drama supporters enjoying the festivals.

Production Records

These records document the period from 1981 to 1997. They are arranged chronologically and include stage manager's notes, documents concerning music and sound, Canadian Institute for Theatre Technology records, lighting and technical records, company manager records and working scripts from thirty-five plays.

Executive Files.

Series consists of 4 subseries: organizational files, correspondence, membership lists, and financial documentation. Series 1.2 (Correspondence) includes an envelope of correspondence, artwork and photography from Boris Zavgorodny, a Russian science fiction enthusiast and artist who corresponded with the ESFCAS during the 1980s.

Research and Publication Records.

The Research and Publication records comprise the largest series in the L.H. Thomas fonds. While primarily textual in format, the series also contains maps, photographs, and imprint items. The photographs and maps are stored separately for reasons of conservation, but are described within the sub-series they relate to L.H. Thomas maintained an extensive set of clipping files which he used as a resource for teaching and writing. The sheer volume of newspaper clippings in these files meant they could not be photocopied at this time, so the acidity level in the files is high. Where possible, the clippings were placed in Mylar to protect the documents surrounding them. Generally, the records are in good physical shape. The Research and Publication files were described in one series because of their inter-relatedness. The research files would have also been important to L.H. Thomas' teaching, as he taught courses in the same areas he researched and wrote about. Only those files, however, that were clearly titled 'lecture note' material were described in the teaching sub-series (2-2). The remainders of the source files are described as part of series 3. Sub-series within the Research and Publication records include L.H. Thomas; Books; Booklets; Volumes; Reviews; Correspondence with Publishers; General Research notes; Source Material; and Talks and Addresses. The series provides a good overview of L.H. Thomas' research methods, and steps necessary to seeing a paper or book published.

The series title is based on the contents of records.

Associations, Committees and Boards.

This series consists of textual records and photographs. The photographs were removed from a sticky plastic sheet album, although original order and annotations were retained. The records are in good shape, and arranged in chronological order within sub-series designations. This series of records includes papers and photographs associated with the various committees, boards, and associations L.H. Thomas was involved with. The largest sub-series of records within this series is the National Historic Sites and Monuments Board on which L.H. Thomas sat as the Alberta representative for two terms (1968-1976). Smaller sub-series include: University of Alberta Committees, Archives-related committees and boards, historical associations, research foundations, funding organizations, and conferences.

The series title is based on the contents of records.

Maps.

Maps of Alcan Highway, Canadian weather stations, Northwest Service Command.

The series title is based on the contents of records.

Business.

The records in this series consist of the records generated by Hurtig’s Publishing Company. There are 11 sub-series that specifically document the operational activities of the business, with the bulk of the records consisting of correspondence files. Within the correspondence sub-series is found correspondence with publishers, booksellers, contracted and potential authors, individuals (arranged alphabetically by name), and general business correspondence arranged in date order. In addition to the textual material is a series of books, all published by Hurtig’s Publishers, and listed in order of publication date.

The records in this series document the many operations of a publishing company, including office procedures, financial and employee records, legal records, correspondence files, promotional activities and publications. The most extensive records in this series are the correspondence files, as described above. On a daily basis, Hurtig and his staff deal with a large amount of correspondence inquiring about possible book ideas, hints on how to prepare writing for publication, and general inquiries about all aspects of the publishing business. Mel Hurtig receives many invitations to speak to groups, and a lot of these invitations are handled as part of the daily business correspondence. There are also publishing information packages and Company promotional records.

The series title is based on the content of the records.

Correspondence.

Series consists of typed correspondence, handwritten letters and photocopied sections of manuscript concerning the University of Saskatchewan's Institute for Northern Studies publication of Soper's manuscript "Canadian Arctic Recollections, 1978-1981."

The series title is based on the contents of the records.

Teaching Materials

The records in this series highlight Harris’ lifelong role as an educator. Harris was described as being an organised and interesting lecturer with useful laboratories, who always encouraged students in their progress. The primary focus of the series is on scholarly and public lectures, talks, lessons, and conference presentations. This includes many verbatim transcripts of lectures given by Harris with accompanying slides. Mixed in with his teaching slides are also a variety of images capturing the construction of the chemistry building and committee outings. This series includes a variety of document types such as index cards, notes, lecture outlines, correspondence, course materials, course reviews, student essays, test questions, assignments, articles, reports, letters, cards, u-matic video tape, and lecture audiotapes. This series contains three subseries: Chemistry, Agriculture and Forestry, and Bridge. The subseries are divided according to subject matter and were created between ca. 1950 and 2011.

Professional Correspondence.

The records in this series are textual and consist of Byron Kratochvil’s professional correspondence files, pre-dating his position at the University of Alberta and continuing post-retirement. The papers are organized chronologically within each file and within each sub-series. The records are in excellent physical condition.

This record series encompasses the correspondence Byron Kratochvil maintained with colleagues, graduate students, research institutes, and the subject matter is almost always related to his teaching, research, or arrangements for visiting speakers and professional association conferences. The first sub-series is ‘Letters of Recommendation’, and includes letters of support, reference, and recommendation written by Professor Kratochvil for colleagues and students to support their various job applications, research grant applications, awards, and appointments. The second sub-series involves General Correspondence and includes exchanges with colleagues, students, and relates to shared research interests, seminar arrangements, and scientific meetings. The final sub-series includes Correspondence with Individuals, and is often related to faculty promotion considerations and visiting speaker arrangements.

The series title is based on the content of the records.

Professional Activities: Research/Publishing.

The records in this series are those that were received jointly from Byron Kratochvil and W. E. Harris in 1981, documenting the writing and publishing of their chemistry texts. The text books were among the first books printed via the University of Alberta’s Computer Department. The files contain various working drafts of the texts, documenting the many addendums, additions, and corrections made before their final versions were published. There are computer runs, and related research files and illustrative material used in the writing of the books. Many of the files are oversized and stored in over-sized boxes. The records are in good physical condition.

The records in this series document the writing and publishing of W. E. Harris’s and Byron Kratochvil’s chemistry text books, including: “Teaching Introductory Analytical Chemistry”; “Chemical Separations and Measurements, Background and Procedures for Analysis”; and An Introduction to Chemical Analysis”. The bulk of the records, by far, document the writing of the third text: “An Introduction to Chemical Analysis”. Included in the series are draft chapters for correction and review for all the texts, along with chapter consolidations and suggested art work and illustrative material, and for the ‘Introduction’ text, review copies, page printer outputs and line printer outputs.

President's Files.

Mel Hurtig, President and owner of Hurtig Publishers, was the individual responsible for dreaming up the idea of producing a Canadian Encyclopedia, and the mover and shaker behind getting funding and support for the project. As a well-respected member of Canada's publishing industry, he was able to attract attention and draw support from across the country for his encyclopedia project. The files in this series are from Mel Hurtig's personal project binders, and provide a complete over-view of the encyclopedia project. The records, detailed and varied, suggest at the planning and organization required to move such a large project through the planning, implementing, and production stages. The files are in excellent physical condition.

Mel Hurtig's files were originally kept in binders, and organized and numbered by topic. Original order was restored in this series as almost all of the files were originally assigned a letter corresponding to a specific Canadian Encyclopedia subject area. There were 32 different topics assigned the files, ranging from the organization and development of the project to specific production concerns. There is information related to fundraising for the proposed encyclopedia, as well as correspondence files, financial records, publicity clippings, procedures and style manual, reports, and technical areas concerning design and specifications concerns, project insurance, and sales and distribution of the encyclopedia.

The series title is based on the contents of the records.

Editor-in-Chief's Files.

The Editor-in-Chief's records comprise the largest series in the six series described in this inventory. James Marsh was hired for this position, and he assumed responsibility for the encyclopedia editorial staff, as well as for editorial policies, stylistic uniformity, cartography, illustrations, indexing and related editorial concerns. The series is primarily textual in format, and provides an in-depth view of the editorial policy practiced by the staff of the Canadian Encyclopedia. The Editor-in-Chief was the overseer of daily operations, and the communicating link between the President and Vice-President of the Company and the editorial staff. Mr. Marsh was often the individual assigned to deal with media and public relation events, and corresponded with the public, as well as the consultants and expert readers. The records are in good physical shape.

The Editor-in-Chief's files have been arranged into the following four sub-series: Editor-in-Chief's files; Editing files; Cartography files; and Illustrations and Photographs administrative files. Mr. Marsh assumed responsibility for final editing decisions, as well as for the administration of cartographic and illustrative inserts for the Canadian Encyclopedia. The largest of these sub-series is 3.1: Editor-in-Chief's files. Included here are general correspondence and memoranda files, editorial staff meetings and reports, Marsh's free-lance editorial and personal publishing files, and his assistant's (Micaela Gates) files. The editing files also contain information related to design and printing, promotion, style and format, and reference material for editors.
The series title is based on the contents of the records.

Production Staff Files.

This is a smaller series consisting of proofreading and verification files, translator files, and the Biography Editor's files. Galley entries were proofread, and facts in articles had to be verified to ensure accuracy. Publishing rights to The Canadian Encyclopedia were given to a Quebec publisher so the volumes could be translated into French. A Biography Editor, Mary Maude, was responsible for organizing the biography entries that were a part of every topic area. The Biography Editor worked closely with the Senior Editors to determine candidates for biographical entries in the Canadian Encyclopedia. The files are textual and in good shape.

The Production staff files have been arranged into the following three sub-series: Biography Editor's files; Proofreading and Verification files, and Translation files. The series is a small series, but important for revealing more of the staff structure necessary to such a large publishing project. There is a lot of correspondence, memoranda, contracts, entries with verification notes, and edited biographical entries.
The series title is based on the content of the records.

Deadwood Dick Library

Series consists of 65 issues from the Deadwood Dick Library. A copy of issue #36 is held in this Dime Novel Collection; issues 1-64 are shelved separately in Bruce Peel Special Collections.

Publisher: M.J. Ivers, Arthur Westbrook

Date of First Issue/First in Collection (No. 1): Mar. 15, 1899
Date of Last Issue/Last in Collection (No. 64): May 30, 1900

Deadwood Dick is a weekly publication. The format is 5 x 8 inches, with 32 pages. Issues cost 5 cents. Pictorial covers are coloured. Stories are authored by Edward L. Wheeler. Consists primarily of frontier, western and detective stories. Deadwood Dick, an outlaw, is considered the quintessential dime novel hero. These stories were later reprinted several times due to popularity.

Beadle's Pocket Novels

Series consists of one Beadle's Pocket Novel.

Publisher: Beadle and Adams

Date of First Issue (No. 1): July 7, 1874
Date of Last Issue (No. 272): November 25, 1884

In collection (No. 191): October 18, 1881

The format is 6 1/2 x 4 1/4 inches, with 100 pages. Novels cost 10 cents. Front wrapper has series name, title of novel, and a coloured illustration, surrounded by a plain tinted background--either blue, green, orange, or gray. All the books are reprints of various Beadle publications.

Fort Chipewyan Photographs and HBC Journal

The photographic archive comes from Louise Rourke’s working papers used to illustrate her book “Land of the Frozen Tide,” published in London, 1928. Photographs are mounted on paper, many with typed captions. Some are mocked up with borders and decoration, or are marked up to silhouette individuals. Various notations in ink and pencil appear on most items. Most photographs are of Fort Chipewyan, Lake Athabasca, and Fond-du-Lac, SK. There are many photographs of boats on Lake Athabasca. Of note are two photographs accompanied by newspaper clippings.

  • Photograph of John Hornby in front of a cabin. Photograph is accompanied by an undated newspaper clipping describing the tragic discovery of Mr. Hornby, dead by starvation.
  • Photograph of two men captioned as the "factor" and "Mr. Mercredi, local boatbuilder." Accompanied by photograph clipped from a 1996 newspaper, captioned “Assembly of First Nations chief Ovide Mercredi looks toward aboriginal Korean War veteran Leon Fontaine from Manitoba Monday in Ottawa.”

Also included is an unpublished Hudson’s Bay Company fur trading post journal. Contains daily manuscript entries written by Louise Rourke's first husband, accountant Douglas Musgrave Rourke, who worked at Ft. Chipewyan. Entries are from between January 1, 1926 and January 7, 1927. The entries are preceded by a page of comments probably written by Louise Rourke. A carbon typescript biography of Louise Rourke and her second husband, Alwyn H.B. Dawson, is included as a loose sheet of paper.

Rourke, Louise

T. A. Patrick Letters & Correspondence

An archive of 52 interesting and significant letters by Thomas “Alf” Patrick and his wife Marion (1889-1904). Almost all letters come with their original stamped mailing envelopes (49 envelopes in total). 44 letters are by Thomas and 8 by Marion.
Most of the letters are handwritten and signed, ranging from a single page up to five pages, often closely written. 3 are typed and signed.
In the case of letters by Thomas Patrick, many of the letters to his wife are almost in diary form recording events as they happened [often mailed from Regina]. Some letters are written when Patrick was physically sitting in the Legislative Chambers waiting for events to unfold there. These are usually on embossed North West Territory Legislative stationery.
Three themes run through the archive:

  • Significant political matters and events surrounding the period when Patrick served in the North West Territories Legislature
  • Historical events on the Prairies
  • Issues relating to a lack of infrastructure and a changing societal and political landscape due to heavy immigration into the
    Prairies.
  • Life on the Prairies in the late 19th and early 20th centuries
  • The close personal relationship and related family matters between two early pioneers in Saskatchewan
    Topics covered include: medical, legislative matters, Indians and half-breeds, railway events, life in Saltcoats and Regina, Saskatchewan, land investments, illnesses on the prairies, people (Clifford Sifton and Frederick Haultain) and related topics, immigration, Mennonites, Hungarians, Doukhobors, infrastructure, visiting patients, and much more.

Patrick, Thomas Alfred

General Audience

The 'General Audience' subcategories represent the largest portion of the collection. They were created to provide information to the general public and as such are diverse in form and depth of coverage.

There are various sets of editions or versions of the same brochure or booklet which provide insights into the evolution of popular myths and medical misconceptions, these items also provide examples of how language used to describe HIV /AIDS changed as the medical community gained more detailed understanding of the mechanism of the virus.

Typical titles for the items include: "What you should know" "Get the Facts!" and "How to Not get AIDS." Atypical and more provocative titles include: "AIDS Kills Women Men and Babies" and "What you think you know about AIDS could be dead wrong."

Many of the comic books and graphic brochures feature "superheroes" with names like 'King Kondom' and 'Grand Master Blaster.'

The 'Specific Audience' subcategories are items that were created to address the information needs of specific group, for example 'Caregivers' includes, friends, and parents, but does not include counsellors or health care professionals.

Correspondence.

The correspondence described in this series consists of letters, cards, and notes with occasional enclosures that include newsclippings, academic papers, poems, and drawings. Photographs enclosed with the letters were noted and removed to be stored separately for better conservation. The letters are arranged alphabetically by correspondent and chronologically within each file. The correspondence is in excellent physical condition.

Wilfred and Sheila Watson were apart for two extended periods: during the public school term in 1951-1952 when Sheila Watson was teaching high school at Powell River, and Wilfred Watson was teaching in the English Department at the University of Alberta (Calgary), and again during the spring of 1956 to the spring of 1961 (with periods together over Christmas and in the summers), when Sheila Watson was studying for her Ph.D. at the University of Toronto and Wilfred Watson was teaching at the University of Alberta (Edmonton). They wrote regularly, sometimes more often than once a day. Sheila Watson destroyed most of her letters to Wilfred Watson some years ago; some 350 remain and are in this series. There are over 950 letters from Wilfred Watson to Sheila Watson which survive and are in this series. They are always substantial in the details of daily teaching and living, but, more importantly, and most of the time, about the ongoing intellectual life and activities of both the correspondents. These are the years when Sheila Watson undertook important work on Wyndham Lewis, wrote most of her short stories, and made the final alterations to The Double Hook to meet the publication suggestions of McClelland and Stewart. They are years in which Wilfred Watson had become known for Friday's Child, and just completed his unpublished novel, Under the Rabbit's Paw, was engaging in the long labour to compolete his first, hihghly innovative and successful play, Cockcrow and the Gulls, was completing and seeing performed short works such as The Whatnot, was writing short stories and many poems, and was beginning work on The Trial of Corporal Adam. The letters provide a record, and a dazzingly written one, of all this activity as wall as the exchange of ideas between two people who both thought intensely, creatively, and playfully.

The series title is based on the contents of records.

Personal Material.

Contains certificates, programmes, news clippings and reports and other material documenting Rowan's non-professional activities.

Title bases on content of series.

John Gregory Records.

John Gregory is a charter member of Technocracy, Inc., joining in 1936. He donated his papers, which form Series 3 of the Technocracy fonds, to the University Archives in March 2007. Mr. Gregory’s career was with the Alberta Research Council, serving as Head, Industrial and Engineering Services, and his papers reflect his interest in hydrology and engineering as it relates to Technocracy doctrine. There are interesting early Technocracy publications and original correspondence with Howard Scott. The material is in good physical shape..

The records in Series 3 have been sub-divided into two sub-series: Textual Material and Published Material. As in the other two series, the published documents form the bulk of the series. Within the publications sub-series are articles written about Technocracy and subjects of interest to Technocrats including a 1951 article by M. Hubbert King entitled “Energy From Fossil Fuels”. There are also official Technocracy, Inc. pamphlets and booklets, dating from 1934 to 2004, and article reprints from various Technocracy publications. Several runs of Technocracy periodicals are included in the series, and of particular note is a bound volume of Northern Technocrat issues (June 1937-August 1939) which were published monthly by the Edmonton Technocracy Section (R.D. 11353). The textual records include Gregory’s correspondence files with CHQ, and contain letters written between John Gregory and Howard Scott, discussing at length concepts of continental hydrology and waterways in North America. Seven long playing 331/3 rpm albums form part of the series, along with two volumes of the Technocracy Study Course.

The series title is based on the contents of records.

Clippings and Press Releases.

Series consists of newspaper clippings attached to letter-sized paper, photocopies of newspaper items concerning Theatre 3, and press releases regarding approaching productions. Records are organized by season and within seasons chronologically by production. The predominant source for newspaper clippings is the Edmonton Journal but sources also include The Rag Times (a local independent press) and The Gateway (University of Alberta student newspaper).

Finance and Planning records.

Series consists of subscriptions, fundraising documents, receipts, building plans and other records related to the financial and administrative operations of Theatre 3. The renewal forms subscriber lists and sales reports are unbound forms with handwritten subscription information and margin notes. The building plan is a bound document of over 200 pages documenting all aspects of theatre construction planning.

Farm Organization Records.

The bulk of the earliest Tomlinson records are found in this series; some of the records were collected for their historical significance by Tomlinson and were created by individuals he knew and respected (e.g. Raymond Garneau, L.E. Pharis, E.R. Fay, etc). There is a sizeable amount of original material in the series, including meeting minutes, convention papers, and correspondence. The records in this series are somewhat frail physically, and must be handled carefully.

The farm organization records have been arranged by specific organization title, including the Alberta Federation of Agriculture, Canadian Federation of Agriculture, Alberta Farmers' Union, Farmers' Union of Alberta, and the National Farmers' Union. There are also several farm publications and clipping files. This series contains a wealth of information about early (1940's, 1950's) agrarian organization and protest movements in Western Canada, and provide evidence surrounding the establishment of these organizations, and their relationship with one another. Of particular interest is the documentation of the movement to merge some of these organizations, thus increasing the farmers' political lobbying power.

The series title is based on the contents of records.

Union/Labour Movements.

The records are arranged in six sub-series (listed below) and are in chronological order within each sub-series. News clippings have been photocopied for conservation purposes, and most of the papers in this series are in excellent physical condition. The files contain a mixture of original textual documents as well as a selection of imprint and published items. Included are two excellent photographs of the American Dairy Lunch (Edmonton) employees' strike of 1948.

The labour and union movement records are arranged in the following sub-series: Edmonton and District Labour Council, Alberta Federation of Labour, Canadian Labour Congress, Canadian Federation of Labour, specific unions (particularly Union Local 47 and Union Local 579), and labour/union issues. The records span a lengthy period of time, with the predominant dates being from the 1960's to 1980's. Doug Tomlinson was active in local unions, and his records document the sometimes turbulent history union and labour movements underwent in Alberta. He has records of many provincial labour protests, and an impressive collection of background reference material.

The series title is based on the contents of records.

Reports.

Mr. Adkins’ progress reports on the Alberta Oil Sands Project; consulting report on oil sands for Shell Oil Company.

Title based on content of series

Settlement.

Between 1882 and 1884, Pearce's duties as the Inspector of Dominion Lands Agencies made him the field agent for the Dominion Lands Board, based in Winnipeg. The Board's most important function was to rule on uncertain claims and on schemes not covered by normal routine. William Pearce's involvement began with the land claims of the Metis and white settlers who had settled along the North Saskatchewan River prior to the Institution of surveys. Pearce was subsequently called on to deal with similar problems at such diverse localities as Morley, Pincher Creek, Lee's Creek (Cardston), Lac la Biche, and Lac Ste. Anne.

Pearce's interest in settlement extended beyond his land claims work. As statistician for the Canadian Pacific Railway, he served as an advisor to the Natural Resources Department of the company. In fulfilling that role, Pearce collected extensive material on the twin questions of settlement and immigration, particularly after his work with the Economic and Development Commission in 1916.

The series title is based on the contents of records.

Radio Talks.

Series consists of Invitations, announcements, letters of acceptance, transcripts and speaking notes.

Title based on the content of the series.

Graphic Material.

Series consists of Invitations, announcements, letters of acceptance, transcripts and speaking notes.

Title based on the content of the series.

Model Railway.

Contains information and correspondence regarding railway design and construction, including design of model railway at Lake Edith.

Career.

Contains job applications to various schools, universities, lecturing agencies, and biological societies.

Ephemera

This series is composed of ephemeral items such as clippings, greetings cards, etc relating to members of the Frontiersmen operating out of, or relating to, Home Command, located in the United Kingdom.

Photographs

This series is composed of photographic items relating to members of the Frontiersmen operating out of, or relating to, Home Command, located in the United Kingdom.

Periodicals

This series is composed of periodicals, journals, and magazines published either by or relating to the Legion of Frontiersmen with relation to Home Command, located in the United Kingdom.

Photographs

This series is composed of photographic items relating to members of the Frontiersmen operating out of, or relating to, members in countries outside of the major areas of operation for the Legion.

Research Files

Alphabetically-arranged files on a range of topics pertaining to the Legion of Frontiersmen. Includes correspondence, historical summaries, photocopies of photographs and documents

Correspondence

Contains correspondence to Robert Bell from various associates. Letters describe a wide range of events and activities including managing trading posts, personal life, survey work, and specimen study. Most letters were written in locations across Canada and sent to Dr Bell at the Geological Survey headquarters in Montreal, Quebec.

Women's Rights

The Women’s Rights series is the second largest series, containing 22 subseries. Subseries are arranged by subject matter and chronology, based on supplied subject titles. Materials were created between 1939 and 2008, and also includes research materials dating from 1800. This series is primarily focused on women’s issues and issues of legal, political, and social equality for women. There is a broad range of topics represented in this series, including women’s roles, workplace sexual harassment, the merit principle, women’s education, women’s employment and career opportunities, women in politics, women in public service, family life, divorce, child custody, effects of sexism on the poor, additional discrimination against aboriginal women, female refugees, the Royal Commission on the Status of Women, and the exclusivity of gendered language.

Significant portions of material in this series is research compiled by the HRI and HRI volunteers. These include newspaper clippings, magazine articles, historical legislation, government publications, and articles that discuss and trace how women are viewed, the achievements of women, efforts made by women’s organizations and the federal government to improve the status of women, social issues that have a strong impact on women, changing social values and mores, Senate reform, the Persons Case, and the Famous Five. This series also contains materials created by the HRI including newsletters, memorandum, conference planning materials, press releases and other promotional materials, as well as correspondence between the HRI and various women’s organizations, politicians, and public servants. These materials discuss HRI’s efforts to highlight double standards and unequal treatment to improve equality and equal opportunity for women. The issues covered and perspectives taken in this series are reflective of the feminism of the period.

The main focus of the HRI’s efforts for women’s equality was Persons Case II. This was the HRI’s attempt to bring a case to the Supreme Court of Canada for Senate reform and women’s rights. Persons Case II sought to get a reference to the Supreme Court to decide whether the government was obligated by the equal rights clause of the Charter of Rights and Freedoms to appoint women to Senate on an equal basis as men, as the HRI believed that if women made up half the Canadian Senate they would be able to enact real change. It was named Persons Case II in reference to the Persons Case of 1927- 1929. The Persons Case was fought by the Famous Five and referred to the Supreme Court by Liberal Prime Minister William Lyon Mackenzie King. After appealing the initial Supreme Court ruling, the Judicial Committee of the Imperial Privy Council in London, England, overturned the decision and deemed women eligible for appointment to the Senate as persons with all penalties and privileges under the law. Despite gaining significant support for Persons Case II throughout the 1980s and 1990s, various Ministers of Justice and Prime Ministers repeatedly declined to refer the case to the Supreme Court, citing no exceptional circumstances, the issue not being important enough to involve the Supreme Court, and finally, as Prime Minister Jean Chretien did appoint women to the Senate on an equal basis with men, such a reference was seen as unnecessary.

Jews, Israel, Anti-Semitism

The Jews, Israel, Anti-Semitism series contains two subseries, the second of which is an addendum to the first. Materials were created between 1971 and 2011, and also includes research materials dating from 1902. This series predominately contains research materials such as newspaper clippings, newsletters, legal research, reports, articles, legislation, Parliamentary debates, treaties, and United Nations conventions, as well as correspondence. Topics covered include Holocaust deniers, Nuremberg Trials and other Nazi war crimes trials, border disputes and land claims surrounding Israel, conflicts between Israel and its Arab neighbours, conflicts and politics involving Israelis and Palestinians, the oil crisis in the 1970s, Israel’s foreign relations with Europe, the Middle East, and North America, anti-Semitism in Europe and Russia, hate propaganda and hate speech laws in Canada, treatment of women in Israel, Israeli economics, and the history of the Holy Land and Jerusalem. Many issues are tracked over multiple decades. Marguerite Ritchie was a strong supporter of Israel and Zionism and had ties to Zionist Jewish organisations in Canada.

Courts

The Courts series consists of three subseries arranged by topic, based on supplied subject titles. Materials were created between 1949 and 2009. This series contains general information, research, and opinions on the professional conduct of lawyers, charges laid against lawyers, and Canadian bar association regulations. It also contains subseries detailing legal troubles and court cases facing Marguerite Ritchie’s brother Robert Ritchie and information on similar cases as well as legislation regarding custody and divorce. Two of Robert Ritchie’s legal cases were in family law, one over the custody of his children following his divorce, and the second over property division and investment mismanagement following a break up with his partner, Patricia Bishop. Mr. Ritchie ultimately lost custodial custody of his son despite his ex-wife breaking their custody agreement. Robert Ritchie also faced an ongoing legal battle over a product sold in his store called Perm-O-Seal after he was sued for patent/trademark infringement. This case was ultimately settled in Mr. Ritchie’s favour as the evidence was straightforward, however expensive court fees caused Mr. Ritchie financial trouble. Marguerite Ritchie felt that bias or baseless court cases were a serious problem within the legal profession.

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