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Glass Plate Slides

The glass plate slides, also known as lantern slides, were used by the Faculty of Extension, the Department of Entomology, and E.H Strickland for lecture purposes. The 121 slides feature photographs and illustrations of beetles, ants, flies, and many other insect specimens, as well as charts, graphs, and material from textbooks, research, and field work.

Department of Entomology

Series 3 Photographs and Postcards

Series documents some of the travels of Pocock and consists of photographs, postcards, and negatives. Images are primarily of the Canadian North-West along with portraits of Pocock and others, Mexico, Canadian Prairies, and Noway. Images were either taken by Pocock or purchased during his travels and usually correlate to the places he visited, as documented through his scrapbooks, diaries, and published autobiographies. Series is arranged chronologically into nine subseries: Portraits, Images of British Columbia, Journey from Fort Macleod to Mexico City, Journey with Randle Cecil, Images of the Canadian Prairies, Journey to Spitzbergen, Images used in Chorus to Adventurers, Semi-Retirement at Charterhouse, and Trip to Canada.

Literary Manuscripts

Series consists of unpublished Cameroon Anglophone literature, collected by or sent to Arnold. A few items appear to be from the Guinness Literary Contest (Series 1). Some of the files include correspondence with the authors.

Pre 1700

This series contains all items in the collection created prior to 1700.

1700—1749

This series contains all items in the collection created between 1700 and 1749.

1810—1819

This series contains all items in the collection created between 1810 and 1819.

1820—1829

This series contains all items in the collection created between 1820 and 1829.

1830—1839

This series contains all items in the collection created between 1830 and 1839.

1840—1849

This series contains all items in the collection created between 1840 and 1849.

1850—1859

This series contains all items in the collection created between 1850 and 1859.

Rev. John Smithurst Correspondence

The bulk of this collection of correspondence was written between 1838 and 1862, and addressed to Reverend John Smithurst, “Indian Settlement, Red River, North America.” The “Indian Settlement” was the home of Chief Peguis and his people, the Saulteaux, located at Netley Creek, a branch of the Red River south of Lake Winnipeg. Following his resignation in 1851, Rev. Smithurst immigrated to Canada West and settled in Elora and then Minto in what is now Ontario.

Rev. Smithurst was an Anglican missionary sent by the Church Missionary Society from England to Rupert’s Land to convert the First Nations and Metis peoples of the area known broadly as the Red River Settlement; modern-day Winnipeg, Manitoba encompasses many sites that made up the settlement. Ministering to the “Indians” and “Half-Breeds,” Rev. Smithurst was one of the handful of missionaries west of Canada during a period of social and political unrest, economic upheaval, starvation, disease, racism and classism. Rev. Smithurst was in contact with many influential people of the time, including Henry Budd and James Settee, the first Indigenous men to be ordained by the Anglican church in North America; Reverend William Cockran; Reverend Ezekiel Gilbert Gear, chaplain at Fort Snelling in modern-day Minnesota; Reverend William Mason, Rossville Mission Press printer; David Anderson, first bishop of Rupert’s Land; and Duncan Finlayson, governor of Assiniboia.

In the correspondence within this collection, missionaries privately share personal frustrations with their efforts to “civilize” and convert Indigenous peoples, while struggling to survive the landscape and navigate social conflicts.

Acquired with Rev. Smithurst's letters, and included here, are several miscellaneous letters, as well as correspondence for the Reverend C.E. Thomson, who succeeded Rev. Smithurst at the Elora parish, and correspondence for the Reverend Adam Townley, step-father to Rev. Thomson. Correspondents include: John Strachan, first bishop of Toronto; Alexander Neil Bethune, second bishop of Toronto; F.D. Fauquier, first bishop of Algoma; and George Whitaker, first provost of Trinity College in Toronto.

1860—1869

This series contains all items in the collection created between 1860 and 1869.

1870—1879

This series contains all items in the collection created between 1870 and 1879.

Letterbooks.

The series consists of six leatherbound books. Each letterbook numbers over 600 pages of handwritten correspondence. Correspondence represents copies of incoming and outgoing commmunication relating predomiantly to Pearce's professional work as a surveyor for the Department of the Interior. The hand copied letters are in chronological order and each letterbook has a subject index.

The series title is based on the contents of records.

Field Notes

Field notes written by Robert Bell recording dates, temperatures, and coordinates. Notes pertain to the areas of Athabasca River and Slave River, Alberta.

Correspondence

Contains correspondence to Robert Bell from various associates. Letters describe a wide range of events and activities including managing trading posts, personal life, survey work, and specimen study. Most letters were written in locations across Canada and sent to Dr Bell at the Geological Survey headquarters in Montreal, Quebec.

NWMP & the Liquor Question

Approximately twenty (20) items regarding the regulation of liquor in the North West Territories of Canada in the late 1880s and early 1900s. The difficulties faced by the North West Mounted Police (NWMP) in enforcing the unpopular permit-based liquor laws of the time are given particular attention.

North-West Mounted Police

Inventions.

Consists of sketches, glass plate negatives, photographic prints, and patent applications.

The series title is based on the contents of records.

T. A. Patrick Letters & Correspondence

An archive of 52 interesting and significant letters by Thomas “Alf” Patrick and his wife Marion (1889-1904). Almost all letters come with their original stamped mailing envelopes (49 envelopes in total). 44 letters are by Thomas and 8 by Marion.
Most of the letters are handwritten and signed, ranging from a single page up to five pages, often closely written. 3 are typed and signed.
In the case of letters by Thomas Patrick, many of the letters to his wife are almost in diary form recording events as they happened [often mailed from Regina]. Some letters are written when Patrick was physically sitting in the Legislative Chambers waiting for events to unfold there. These are usually on embossed North West Territory Legislative stationery.
Three themes run through the archive:

  • Significant political matters and events surrounding the period when Patrick served in the North West Territories Legislature
  • Historical events on the Prairies
  • Issues relating to a lack of infrastructure and a changing societal and political landscape due to heavy immigration into the
    Prairies.
  • Life on the Prairies in the late 19th and early 20th centuries
  • The close personal relationship and related family matters between two early pioneers in Saskatchewan
    Topics covered include: medical, legislative matters, Indians and half-breeds, railway events, life in Saltcoats and Regina, Saskatchewan, land investments, illnesses on the prairies, people (Clifford Sifton and Frederick Haultain) and related topics, immigration, Mennonites, Hungarians, Doukhobors, infrastructure, visiting patients, and much more.

Patrick, Thomas Alfred

Settlement.

Between 1882 and 1884, Pearce's duties as the Inspector of Dominion Lands Agencies made him the field agent for the Dominion Lands Board, based in Winnipeg. The Board's most important function was to rule on uncertain claims and on schemes not covered by normal routine. William Pearce's involvement began with the land claims of the Metis and white settlers who had settled along the North Saskatchewan River prior to the Institution of surveys. Pearce was subsequently called on to deal with similar problems at such diverse localities as Morley, Pincher Creek, Lee's Creek (Cardston), Lac la Biche, and Lac Ste. Anne.

Pearce's interest in settlement extended beyond his land claims work. As statistician for the Canadian Pacific Railway, he served as an advisor to the Natural Resources Department of the company. In fulfilling that role, Pearce collected extensive material on the twin questions of settlement and immigration, particularly after his work with the Economic and Development Commission in 1916.

The series title is based on the contents of records.

Fort Chipewyan Photographs and HBC Journal

The photographic archive comes from Louise Rourke’s working papers used to illustrate her book “Land of the Frozen Tide,” published in London, 1928. Photographs are mounted on paper, many with typed captions. Some are mocked up with borders and decoration, or are marked up to silhouette individuals. Various notations in ink and pencil appear on most items. Most photographs are of Fort Chipewyan, Lake Athabasca, and Fond-du-Lac, SK. There are many photographs of boats on Lake Athabasca. Of note are two photographs accompanied by newspaper clippings.

  • Photograph of John Hornby in front of a cabin. Photograph is accompanied by an undated newspaper clipping describing the tragic discovery of Mr. Hornby, dead by starvation.
  • Photograph of two men captioned as the "factor" and "Mr. Mercredi, local boatbuilder." Accompanied by photograph clipped from a 1996 newspaper, captioned “Assembly of First Nations chief Ovide Mercredi looks toward aboriginal Korean War veteran Leon Fontaine from Manitoba Monday in Ottawa.”

Also included is an unpublished Hudson’s Bay Company fur trading post journal. Contains daily manuscript entries written by Louise Rourke's first husband, accountant Douglas Musgrave Rourke, who worked at Ft. Chipewyan. Entries are from between January 1, 1926 and January 7, 1927. The entries are preceded by a page of comments probably written by Louise Rourke. A carbon typescript biography of Louise Rourke and her second husband, Alwyn H.B. Dawson, is included as a loose sheet of paper.

Rourke, Louise

Irrigation.

William Pearce began promoting irrigation development in 1885, when he first commented on its potential value in his annual report to the Deputy Minister of the Interior. This series of files documents his interest in irrigation between the years 1890 and 1927. It is probable that material prior to 1890 no longer exists. The surviving files offer evidence on the drafting of the Northwest Irrigation Act, the early development of significant irrigation projects, and the activities of related special interest groups. The series contains records concerning the Canadian Pacific Railway's irrigation project; the Pearce's Calgary Irrigation Company (1893); and his scheme to divert the North Saskatchewan to water land in eastern Alberta and western Saskatchewan. Mr. Pearce was an active supporter of the Western Canada Irrigation Association and left considerable correspondence concerning its activities.

The series title is based on the contents of records.

Surveys.

William Pearce began his education in engineering in 1869 at the University of Toronto. After one semester he abandoned his studies at the University of Toronto to take a three-year surveying apprenticeship with Wadsworth and Unwing, a Toronto land surveying firm. During his apprenticeship Pearce worked on surveying assignments in the woods of northern Ontario. His apprenticeship inspired his life-long interest in natural resource and wilderness development, confirmed his professional surveyor's career, and brought him to Western Canada.

In 1873 Colonel J.S. Denis, Canada's Surveyor General, approached Pearce with an offer to join his staff in the newly-created Dominion Department of the Interior as it began to absorb the vast North American regions of Rupert's Land and the North-West Territories. Pearce began his surveying position in the Department of the Interior in Winnipeg, in May 1874. He was responsible to progress with surveys addressing what commonly known as the Outer Two-Mile claims. Under the Manitoba Act (33 Victoria, c.3, Canada, 1870) Metis land grants along the Red and Assiniboine Rivers included undetermined and pre-survey settlement claims. The Manitoba Act gave Metis settlers access to hay two miles beyond their defined holdings to feed their livestock. In the shifting settlements, squatting, and rampant land speculation, Pearce attempted to stake out these claims. The outer two miles question was not settled until 1877, and claims were not staked until 1881 (Dept. of the Interior Annual Report, Canada Sessional Papers, 1882). Following the outer two miles assignment, in 1878 Pearce moved on to locating township grids, surveying meridians in Manitoba, and determining the International Boundary in the Turtle Mountain area. In October 1881, Pearce accepted his recommendation as Inspector of Dominion Lands Agencies in the Dominion Lands Board. He moved into the position of Superintendent of Mines in 1884. He returned to a full-time surveying position when Clifford Sifton appointed him Chief Inspector of Surveys in 1901.

In 1904 Pearce left government service to join the Natural Resources Department of the Canadian Pacific Railway. The series therefore includes his reports on the placement of railway branch lines and his study of the possibilities for settlement of the Peace river and Athabasca River districts. His recommendations on both matters were based on the trained surveyor's detailed observations of the topography and prospective resources of the areas in question. He assisted in the establishment of professional standards for surveyors and served on the Examining Board for the Province.

The series includes 91 maps, most Mr. Pearce collected as working documents, with notes and observations. They include a track survey, drawn in the winter of 1878 using an upturned toboggan as a table; a sketch map of the Peace River district drawn for Mr. Pearce on two sheets of Hudson's Bay Company stationery; and the 3-mile and 6-mile sectional maps of the Department of the Interior. Two sheets of G.M. Dawson's maps are also in the diaries for 1915. These maps cover an inspection of Canadian Pacific Railway land grants.

The series title is based on the contents of records.

Historical Manuscript.

The series consists of memoranda, speaking notes, newspaper clippings, maps, drafts, recordkeeping copies and final versions of correspondence, and various other material concerning Pearce's historical manuscript: "Notes on Land Titles and Early Development of the Three Prairie Provinces, and to some extent British Columbia and Western Ontario." The Series also contains correspondence and memoranda concerning general issues of Western Canadian history. The records are loosely arranged in chronological order. Most letters are orignal. Some correspondece is in the form of recordkeeping copies.

The series title is based on the contents of records.

Personal Correspondence.

The series consists of various personal correspondence Pearce conducted in his career. Topics and correspondents covered a very large range of issues and personalities.

The series title is based on the contents of records.

Field Trips.

Consists of 432 black and white negatives in two leather bound albums documenting the field trips Cameron undertook for the Department of Mining Engineering and the Alberta Research Council.

Drawings, Sketchbooks, Tracings and Paintings

Series contains pencil sketches, ink designs and watercolour paintings concerning architecture, landscapes, plants and insects, home furnishings, utensils and abstract patterns and decortations. Sketches depict Burgess's concern for the Arts and Crafts design movement during his student years and the practicle, design work of his professional career in Québec and Alberta.

Title based on content of the series.

Diaries and Notebooks

Series consists of handwritten diaries and notebooks documenting daily and significant events in McInnes's life. Period covers McInnes's World War One experiences and 1920s voyages on the C.G.S. Stanley and Arctic. Notes also describe patrols from RCMP detachments in the North covering such areas as Kevetuk, Port Burwell, Ponds Inlet, Lancaster Sound, Cumberland Island, Nugsvak Peninsula, and Baffin Island.

The series title is based on the contents of records. Notes are kept in pocket journals and three ring binders.

McInnes, Finley

Photographs.

Consists predominantly of photographs collected by Parker during his lifelong interest in the history of oil sand development.

Literary Manuscripts.

Includes drafts of chapters, typescripts, bound copies, correspondence and looseleaf notebooks concerning L.A. Romanet's literary work. The files are in chronological order taking into account some uncertainty in date of origin.

The series title is based on the contents of records.

Photographs.

Photographs depict L.A. Romanet as a explorer, manager and writer throughout his life. The formats include black and white prints, glass plate negatives, safety negatives, postcards and slides. The images aere housed in inidividual sleeves and where possible Romanet's thematic organization and titles for the material has been maintained.

The series title is based on the contents of records.

Postcards.

Contains postcards of paintings, corresdondence and travel, arcitecture, sculpture, and a mix of other related topics of interest.

Title based on contents of series.

Career Papers.

Includes documents from L.A. Romanet's work with the Hudson's Bay Company, Revillon Freres Trading Company, North Star Oil Company, and Abasand Oils Ltd. Most of the material is typed and includes company letterhead. A small amount of material is handwritten. The documents are in chronological order by employer.

The series title is based on the contents of records.

Maps.

Maps of Alcan Highway, Canadian weather stations, Northwest Service Command.

The series title is based on the contents of records.

Series 1 Personal Papers

Series documents the travels and occupations of Roger Pocock and consists of the personal papers of Pocock, including scrapbooks, diaries, correspondence, and other miscellaneous documents such as correspondence and contracts regarding the publication of his books, ephemera about his lecture series or from his travels, and documents from his services with the North-West Mounted Police and British fishing fleets. The geographical coverage of these records is global but primarily covers North-West Canada.

Correspondence.

Includes letters concerning his publication work, military service, northern expeditions, lectures, and personal letters. The letters are unbound, some are typed and some handwritten.

The series title is based on the contents of records.

Model Railway.

Contains information and correspondence regarding railway design and construction, including design of model railway at Lake Edith.

Council for Canadian Unity.

Series consists of executive and general meeting minutes, correspondence, miscellaneous bulletins, booklets, petitions, membership certificates.

The title is based on the contents of the series.

Photographs

Consists of 113 black and white negatives documenting the design and building of the International Bitumount Company's tar sands extraction plant in Bitumount, Alberta.

Reports.

Mr. Adkins’ progress reports on the Alberta Oil Sands Project; consulting report on oil sands for Shell Oil Company.

Title based on content of series

Folk Festival Committee.

The series consists of minutes, scripts for radio and theatre, songs, programmes, costumes, and post cards.

The title is based on the content of the series.

Student Records- Watson.

The records in this small series consist of Wilfred Watson's student papers while at the University of Toronto and the University of British Columbia. The original file divisions are retained, with added description provided about the file contents. The files consist of typescript and manuscript lecture notes; some essays, and copies of Watson's thesis(s); the papers are in excellent physical condition.

The series title is based on the contents of records.

Photographs, Glass Slides, and Photonegatives.

Contains photos of Professor Burgess, houses and architecture taken in Europe, University buildings, Bowker building, and some civic planning. Contains photo albums of Scottish scenes, houses and churches in Great Britain, and many buildings and lanscapes - especially in Montréal.

Title based on content of series.

Academic Career.

Series consists of records documenting Peacock's student career at the University of Alberta. There are also some records from Peacock's graduate studies at the Carnegie Institute of Technology in Pittsburgh. The records are in chronological order.

Peacock, Gordon

Career.

Contains job applications to various schools, universities, lecturing agencies, and biological societies.

Newspaper Clippings / Journals

Series consists of articles McInnes selected from various newspapers and magazines. Most of the material was pasted into a large black leather three ring binder. Loose clippings are scattered throughout the binder.

The series title is based on the contents of records.

McInnes, Finley

Art .

Contains correspondence regarding art work and designs.

Graphic Material.

Series consists of Invitations, announcements, letters of acceptance, transcripts and speaking notes.

Title based on the content of the series.

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