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Bruce Peel Special Collections
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“Cafeteria and Bath House Raided by the Police Last Night” clipping from Calgary Daily Herald

“Cafeteria and Bath House Raided by the Police Last Night” newspaper clipping from the Calgary Daily Herald dated Monday, April 24, 1911.

“The Calgary police, in conjunction with the provincial license inspectors, made raids early Sunday morning on the Cafeteria and Moose Baxter’s bath house. The raids were conducted by Chief Mackie in person, and reflect great credit on the department for the methodical and successful manner in which they were carried out.”

During the police raid on the Turkish bath house, one of three clients found bathing was in fact an undercover license inspector, who “had been quietly investigating for the past two weeks, as a result of which he located the liquor in a sack at the bottom of the plunge.”

“Prohibition v. License” The Moosomin Courier Newspaper Clipping

“Prohibition v. License” newspaper clipping. Black ink handwriting indicates the clipping is taken from the Moosomin Courier dated July 19, 1888.

The writer objects to "the subpoenaing of a number of our fellow-townsmen to give evidence for the Crown against two of our hotel keepers for selling liquor without a permit from the Lieutenant-Governor of these Territories."

"1- first day of issue - envelopes commemorating 75 ann. of flight in Canada & 60th ann. of founding of the R.C.A.F., issued Nov 9/1984, Macleod 4 - Nov [??] McMurray"

Envelope labelled "1- first day of issue - envelopes commemorating 75 ann. of flight in Canada & 60th ann. of founding of the R.C.A.F., issued Nov 9/1984, Macleod 4 - Nov [??] McMurray", containing:
Envelope with "Air Force/Les Forces Aériennes" stamp, containing sheet with issuance information, text on envelope reads "Commemorating the 75th anniversary of the first powered flight in the Commonwealth and the 60th anniversary of the founding of the Royal Canadian Air Force"

"1 Negatives - 1 Dick Bonnycastle 1929 or 1930"

Negative envelope labelled "1 Negatives - 1 Dick Bonnycastle 1929 or 1930", containing b&w ; 7 cm x 4 cm film negative of Dick Bonnycastle in parka
Negative envelope labelled "Bonnycastle party at Norman - prior to take off - first winter flight to Coppermine", containing b&w ; 7 cm x 12 cm film negative depicting group portrait of 7 people beside aircraft in snowy field

"1 Print Barren lands"

Envelope labelled "1 Print Barren lands", contains:
b&w ; 7 cm x 11 cm print, aerial photograph of landscape, caption reads "Barren Lands McAlpine Search, October - 1929" [another print appears in 7-168]

1.1 Scrapbooks and Diaries

Subseries documents the travels, occupations, and interests of Pocock and consists of his scrapbooks and diaries. Pocock's scrapbooks contain journal entries, correspondence, sketches, photographs, clippings, among other things, which document his whereabouts and activities of a particular year. His diaries contain journal entries and appointments of a particular year. Scrapbooks primarily cover his time in North America from 1880 to 1913 and his travels to Northern Norway in 1920. The subseries is arranged chronologically.

1.2 Correspondence

Subseries contains letters from Pocock or to him from various people. Primarily consists of letters between Pocock and Harwood Steele. Also includes letter from his sister Hilda Pocock to Flora Steele regarding Pocock's funeral. Subseries is arranged by correspondent chronologically.

12 photos of Cantonese Opera performances and group photos of Opera societies

photo 1: (colour) Group photo of Friendship Opera and Art Society (友好曲藝社).
photo 2: (colour) Group photo of Cantonese Opera and Art Society (奥韻曲藝社) when Wang Tao (王滔) visited Edmonton from Toronto.
photo 3: (colour, photocopied) group photo.
photo 4: (colour) Performance at event of International Year of Older Person in 1999.
photo 5-6: (colour) Performance to celebrate Chinese new year.
photo: 7-8: (colour) Performance to celebrate 15 year anniversary of Peach Garden Art Society (桃園曲藝社) and honour seniors.
photo 9-12: (colour) Cantonese Opera performances.

12th Divisional Training Map

12th Divisional Training Map Printed at the Ordinance Survey Office, Southampton, England References parish boundaries, rural districts, urban districts, and municipal boroughs Dimensions: 54 x 73 cm Scale: 1 inch to 1 mile

Map has handwritten signature on it [H.H. Hebden, Captain, D. Co 3 8/R.F.]

Steele, Samuel B. (Samuel Benfield), 1848-1919

1.3 Miscellaneous

Subseries consists of records created by or about Pocock pertaining to his travels, publishing activities, occupations, and interests. It includes publishing contracts for several of his books, his certificate of discharge from the NWMP, and his resume while living in Hollywood. Subseries is arranged chronologically.

13 photos of Cantonese Opera performances

photo 1: Sang "富贵花开凤凰台" at the 85th anniversary party of Edmonton Chinese Dramatic Club (警世鐘劇社) on September 15, 2002 at Fu Du restaurant (富都酒楼) .
photo 2: Sang "禅院钟声" at the 87th anniversary party of Edmonton Chinese Dramatic Club (警世鐘劇社) in May 2004.
photo 3-4: The 88th anniversary party of Edmonton Chinese Dramatic Club (警世鐘劇社) in May 22, 2005.
photo 5-6: Performed "夺命转心壶" on October 15, 2006 at Jubille Auditorium.
photo 7-9: Performances in 2007.
photo 10: Performed "碎銮兴" on May 14, 2009 at Jubille Auditorium.
photo 11: A make up photo before performance.
photo 12: On the stage (ready to perform).
photo 13: Performing on the stage.

1.3.1. Reference Material for Memoirs

When SBS began working on his memoir: "Forty Years in Canada", he contacted friends and individuals who had shared experiences with him, and asked for their diaries, recollections, etc. as background research material for his book. From this request, Sam received the eleven diaries of his friend and fellow NWMP officer Alexander R. Macdonnell (married to Marie's Aunt Min); as well as the two 1870 journals/diaries kept by fellow Ontario Rifle military men, Griffith Wainwright and D.H. Macmillan, who were with Sam on the 1870 trek to Manitoba to deal with the first Louis Riel uprising. Two hand-drawn and annotated maps were tucked into the diary kept by Major Wainwright and are included here.

1676 promissory note, Montreal

Promissory note for 57 livres written in French.

Translation: "At Montreal, 18 June 1676. I undersigned confess to owe the sum of 57 livres to Jean Aubuchon, bourgeois of Montreal."
Signed by Joachim Germaneau.

From notes provided by the donor, "An early promissory note, made out at Montreal. The note was most likely provided by Aubuchon by Germaneau in exchange for fur trade goods. As there was no payment date stated, they probably had a payment schedule in mind, perhaps at the end of the fur trading season, or when Germaneau was expecting to be paid his soldiering wages in hard currency by the government of New France.

Joachim Germaneau (? - 1717) arrived in Canada in 1665 as a soldier. He is known to have been an outfitter in the fur trade between 1692 and 1694. He, as with most military men of the time in New France, probably participated in the fur trade during his official assignments prior to 1692.

Jean Aubuchon dit l'Esperance (?-1685) was a fur trader in Montreal, and brother-in-law to the Royal Notary Adhemar. At one point in his career, he was fined 50 livres for trading liquor with the 'Indians,' which was strictly prohibited."

1692 Beaver note by Voyageur

A short note written in French.

Translation: "Gabriel Cardinal approves the obligation that Tetros and Cadieu, his friends, have undertaken towards Sieur Dufresne, in which he is responsible with them, this other than for what he has personally received, which is 42 livres 10 sols, which he promises to pay as his share of the partnership, in beaver at the price of the bureau. Drawn up this 1st of May, 1692."
Signed by Gabriel Cardinal (his mark and cross).

(witness certification) "I, the undersigned, certify that the said Cardinal gave me at Lachine, this note on which he has made his mark at the bottom, to be taken and used by Sieur Dufresne. This 1st of May, 1692."
Signed by Jean Arnaud.

(footnote) "The obligation is for 236 livres 1 sol." ('Obligation' possibly meaning 'the total debt for all partners.')

From notes provided by donor:

"A beaver note promising to pay the debt in 'beaver at the price of the bureau.' The 'bureau' was the appointed board of officials and traders in Quebec City that set the price of beaver, and in doing so set the value of the most important medium of exchange in New France, the beaver pelt.

Beaver notes, because they were secured by beaver skins at the price set by the bureau, often circulated amongst colonists due to the lack of hard currency. The notes were negotiable, and were considered money. Beaver notes are one of the earliest forms of paper currency in New France, pre-dating card money.

Gabriel Cardinal (1661 - ?) was a voyageur, and came from a family whose male members were primarily involved with the fur trade. He married in 1682.

Sieur Nicholas Jenvrin Dufresne (fl. 1690s-1700s) was a Montreal merchant.

Jean Arnaud (?-?) was a Church Warden of Montreal. He married in 1690."

1693 Promissory note signed in Michilimackinac

1693 Promissory note signed at Michilimackinac (now St Ignace, MI). Written in French.

Translation: "I promise to pay to Maurice Menard, or order, four marketable beaver, which he has lent me ... the said beaver I promise to pay him this spring in the month of June 1694. Drawn up at Michilimackinac, this 2nd day of July, 1693."
Signed by Claude Fezeret.

From notes provided by the donor:
"An early promissory note payable in 'marketable beaver,' made out at Michilimackinac, an important center through which the majority of the fur trade for the Great Lakes region was conducted at the time.

Claude Fezeret (1642-1720) came to Quebec some time before 1659. He was a master locksmith and gunsmith by profession, and from 1676 to 1681 he figured prominently in the Montreal Armourers Company (having been known as 'the first gunsmith in New France'). It seems that he also conducted business at Michilimackinac, probably servicing armaments for fur traders, and possibly taking an active and direct role in the fur trade in the Great Lakes region.

Maurice Menard (1664-?) was born in Trois-Rivieres. We know little about Menard, other than he was an interpreter at Michilimackinac, and lived there with his wife Madeline, dit Couc. They had a son Antoine, born at Michilimackinac on April 28, 1695. It appears that Madeline was one of the first white women living in the western 'Indian Country' during this period."


This series contains all items in the collection created between 1700 and 1749.

1776 Handwritten Voyageur Contract

A handwritten voyageur contract for the position of “Devant” (Bowsman), signed in Montreal on September 2, 1776. This document contracts Joseph Leger dit Parizeau as a bowsman for Joseph-Louis Ainsse for the salary of 450 francs “currency of the country.” The outline of the contract was pre-written in black ink and later filled in with particulars by Francois Simonnet in a paler ink.

1780 James Grant letter

A letter from James Grant addressed to his attorney, James Walker. He refers to giving a 10 day extension to someone who owes him money and requests that Mr. Walker represent him should the need arise for him to pursue legal action against this person. Mr. Grant also mentions Jacob Jordan, Richard Dobie, and Mr. Mackenzie who are all involved with the fur trade.

Grant, James

1782 Lake Erie freight line promissory note

A beautifully handwritten receipt/promissory note for freight shipped across Lake Erie aboard His Majesty's schooner "Hope." Signed in Detroit, November 25, 1782, by Gregor McGregor for Normand MacLeod & Company. Endorsed by Thomas Dunn, Justice of Common Pleas (J.C.P.).

The note reads, "The Hope, Detroit. 25 November 1782. Received from on board his Majesty's Schooner Hope Henry Ford Commander, seven and one half Barrels Bulk of Merchandize as per Bill of Lading No.11 in the Same Condition as Shipped at Fort Erie, the freight of Which I Promise to pay on Demand, to the Naval Store keeper at Detroit, the Naval Store keeper at Carelton Island, Or to the Pay Master General of the Marine Department at Quebec, for Which I have Signed two Receipts of the Same Tenor and Date. Box N.36 Shott half out. (signed) Gregor McGregor for McLeod & Co."

"No.11 Receipt to be Signed [by] Mr. McLeod"
"1782 McLeod & Macknamara"
"No.14 = 7 1/2 B.B." (where '14' is written in pencil)
"Judgement Montreal 15 Nov 1792 Thom. Dunn JCP"

From notes provided by the donor: "Shortly after the outbreak of the American Revolutionary War in 1776, the British Inland Marine (ultimately under the control of Guy Carleton, Governor of Quebec) restricted movement on the Great Lakes to the King's vessels in an effort to control or eliminate the smuggling of goods that might potentially assist the rebellious 'enemy' to the south. Within this arrangement, fur traders and merchants were allowed to have their goods shipped aboard the King's vessels, provided that there was room (over and above the needs of the Navy and other official Military personnel). Goods and furs were shipped aboard the vessels, and 'Freight Notes' were issued to confirm not only the receipt of goods but also to state a promise to pay (at some later date) for the service. In the end, many of these promissory notes were not settled: many of the trades and merchants were summoned to court for non-payment whereas others delinquent in payment were simply dismissed.

Problems aboard the ships were commonplace, and shipments were lost and damaged, with little recourse for compensation. Throughout this period, the traders and merchants (essentially the core of what was to become the North West Company and their opposition groups) complained, and eventually were permitted to have a few of their own private vessels on the Great Lakes to conduct their business activities.

Two years after the conclusion of the Revolutionary war, American and British delegates met in Paris to formalize Britain's recognition and acceptance of the United States of America, and signed the Paris Treaty of 1783. However, the inland maritime restrictions were in place until about 1787, when more private vessels were allowed to operate on the lakes.

This 'Freight Note' is a rare example of fur trade ephemera from a critical period of instability in the region following the British Conquest of New France and the enactment of the Quebec Act. It exemplifies the structured presence and control of the British over the Great Lakes, and the law-abiding fur traders and merchants who wished to continue their trade in the midst of all the chaos and uncertainty.

Normand MacLeod (d. 1796) was an army officer who entered the fur trade in 1774. He developed a partnership with Gregor McGregor, and by 1779 included John Macnamara (a prominent merchant in Michilimackinac) as a new partner. In 1781, he became associated with John Gregory of Montreal in the firm of Gregory, MacLeod and Company (among whose Wintering Partners was a young Alexander Mackenzie). Gregory, MacLeod and Company proved to be the main opposition to the North West Company, and by 1787 were absorbed into the association. In 1790, MacLeod sold his share and retired."

1793 Todd, McGill & Co. legal action

Three documents related to a court action taken by Todd, McGill & Co. for 6.12.5 pounds. They recovered the amount. The first document is written in English, with the following documents written in French.

From notes provided by the donor: "Todd, McGill & Co. included Isaac Todd and brothers James McGill, John McGill, and Andrew McGill. The firm was concerned mainly with the fur trade south-west of the Great Lakes region. James McGill left a large part of his estate to found McGill University in Montreal."

1798 Warrant to Summons, signed by Alexander Henry & Alexander Auldjo

Warrant to the Sheriff to summon 12 principal householders. Signed and sealed in Montreal 1798 by Alexander Henry (the elder) and Alexander Auldjo. Also endorsed by Sheriff Wm. Gray.

From notes provided by the donor: "Known by the Natives as 'the handsome Englishman,' Alexander Henry was one of the first English traders to pursue the fur trade in Canada upon the fall of New France. He was one of the founding members of the Beaver Club, and together with his nephew Alexander Henry the younger, acquired a share in the North West Company in 1792. He related his early experiences in his celebrated book 'Travels and Adventures in Canada and the Indian Territories, Between the years 1760 and 1776.'

Alexander Auldjo, a leader among Montreal businessmen in the 1780s, invested considerable sums in the Canadian fur trade, bought and sold property, and administered estates. He also had intimate dealings with other noteworthy Montreal merchants, namely William Maitland, Richard Dobie, and Simon McTavish.

With regard to the present document, Henry and Auldjo, in the capacity of 'His Majesty's Justices to Keep Peace in Montreal,' consider an application by Peter Foretier to subdivide a six-acre piece of land 'situated near the Town Walls, along the rivulet commonly called the Montreal River.' In this light, the document proposes to summon twelve principal householders of the district to appear before the justices to consider the proposed subdivision."


This series contains all items in the collection created between 1800 and 1809.

1801 voyageur contract

A printed form contract in French. Signed in 1801 by Louis and Joseph Belair, Pierre Champoux, and public notary Maurice deGlandons. By this contract, Pierre Champoux signed on with McTavish, Frobisher & Co. as a voyageur.

1802 voyageur contract

A letter-press printed form contract. This fill-in-the-blank contract is for employment as a voyageur with McTavish, Frobisher & Co. This contract is signed by A[?]ais Gregoire.

1802 voyageur contract

A letter-press printed form contract. This fill-in-the-blank contract is for employment as a voyageur with McTavish, Frobisher & Co. This contract is signed by Jacques Roy, with Mr. Frederick Singer signing for the company.

1802 voyageur contract

This fill-in-the-blank contract was originally for employment with Parker Gerrard & Ogilvy, but this name is crossed out and replaced with Alexr. Mackenzie. It is signed by Michel Dantigny, who signed in Montreal.

1803 voyageur contract

This item is a fill-in-the-blank contract offering employment with McTavish, Frobisher & Co. It is signed by Francois Piquette. There are numerous alterations to the contract made in the margins.

1806 voyageur contract

This fill-in-the-blank contract is for employment with McTavish, Frobisher & Co. and John Ogilvy and Thomas Thain. It is signed by Ignace Roberts, who signed in Montreal.

1806 voyageur contract

This is a fill-in-the-blank contract for employment with McTavish, Frobisher & Co. and John Ogilvy and Thomas Thain. It is signed by Charles Laneuville. It was signed in Montreal. There are numerous revisions to the standard contract written in ink.

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