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Bruce Peel Special Collections
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Photograph of two men on horseback in parade

Photograph of two Indigenous men in full regalia on horseback. They are likely from the Nakoda (Stoney) or Niitsitapi/ Siksikaitsitapi (Blackfoot) Nations. They are riding down a street with many people standing on the sidewalk behind them.

British Columbia Proclamation

Titled: British Columbia. Proclamation.
Proclaims James Douglas to have the ability to make laws, institutions and ordinances for the governance of British Columbia, along with the ability to acquire un-surveyed land in British Columbia for British subjects.
Duplicate of 2011.103.003

[185-] British Columbia Proclamation

Titled: British Columbia. Proclamation.
Proclaims James Douglas to have the ability to make laws, institutions and ordinances for the governance of British Columbia, along with the ability to acquire un-surveyed land in British Columbia for British subjects.

PE001563 - Photographs: [Images of Calgary and surrounding area]

Born in Ontario, Harry Pollard (1880-1968) was the son of a photographer and established his own studio in Calgary in 1899. Although based in Alberta, his work documented people and places across Canada and around the world. From 1924 until his retirement in 1954, Pollard worked for the Canadian Pacific Railway producing promotional photographs and films of the various ocean cruises that the company operated. For more information, please see the biographical entry in the Provincial Museum of Alberta's Harry Pollard fonds (available online at https://hermis.alberta.ca/paa/Details.aspx?ObjectID=PR0125&dv=True&deptID=1 [accessed on 10 December 2018]).

The album contains views of Calgary and of various local buildings, churches, and residences. Agricultural and ranching scenes, including photographs of prize livestock and produce, are also present.

Pollard, H.

"CHD – Keep, Personal, News items + photos, 1929-1980 incl. McKee Tr. - Keep"

Envelope labelled "CHD – Keep, Personal, News items + photos, 1929-1980 incl. McKee Tr. - Keep" contains Manufacturers Life Insurance Company envelope labelled "V.P. small prints. WWI, CHD, F.C.D. Jock Adam" containing:
b&w ; 7 cm x 5 cm print, portrait of young man in uniform outside building
b&w ; 7 cm x 5 cm print, portrait of 1 man [Jock Adam] and 2 women sitting on grass with golf clubs
b&w ; 7 cm x 5 cm print, portrait of young man in uniform standing on sidewalk, caption on reverse reads "Lieut. F. C. Dickins. R.F.C. c/o 7 Amerland Road, Wansdworth [sic] S.W. 18 London Eng."
b&w ; 7 cm x 5 cm print, portrait of man in uniform in front of house, caption on reverse reads "May 1918"

PE001561 - Postal souvenirs: [Images of East End, Saskatchewan]

Although the album does not contain manuscript annotations, many of the postcards possess captions identifying scenes in and around East End, Saskatchewan. The album contains images of the local landscape as well as of individuals captured in a variety of settings, both within the town site and outside its boundaries. The latter category of photographs includes several taken at a dam. There are also a number of images of cowboys and rodeo competitions.

Several of the rodeo postcards contain the date 17 July 1914. Although other images in the album are not explicitly dated, many would appear to be of a similar vintage. Several photographs capture individuals posing in front of a Royal North-west Mounted Police depot. Formed in 1873, the force took on its modern identity as the Royal Canadian Mounted Police in 1920.

"Collingwood children 1919 London Eng, negs" and "2 negs & prints, Collingwood children & cousin Dorothy Collingwood near London Dec 1917 or Jan 1918"

Envelope labelled "Collingwood children 1919 London Eng, negs" and "2 negs & prints, Collingwood children & cousin Dorothy Collingwood near London Dec 1917 or Jan 1918", contains:
b&w ; 7 cm x 12 cm film negative, portrait of woman with two children [print in 1-4]
b&w ; 7 cm x 12 cm film negative, portrait of two children

PE001116 - Associated Mortgage Investors Loan Documents

Contains three descriptions of loans held by Associated Mortgage Investors, as advertising for re-sale to investors. Each description includes content on the debtor, and the land that they have provided as security for their loan. The loans comprise:

  • A $7,000 loan to Robert Carlton Morrow, of Ethelton, Saskatchewan, with one half-, and one quarter- section valued at $18,640 as security.
  • A $4,000 loan to Arthur Lewis, of Delia, Alberta, with a half-section valued at $11,685 as security.
  • A $4,500 loan to Andrew Aune, of Morrin, Alberta, with two quarter-sections valued at $14,100 as security.

In addition, the cover in which these documents are enclosed includes promotional information and newspaper extracts relevant to the load offerings.

PE001575 - Album: [Images of southern Alberta]

The album's images capture a wide range of subjects, including portraits, mountain and agricultural scenes, as well as residences, commercial buildings, and streetscapes from various towns. Although not all of the postcards possess captions or other information that identify the individuals or locales photographed, those that do are associated with southern Alberta or specific communities within the region. Images from Lethbridge, Cardston, Raymond, Magrath, and Waterton Lakes are all represented.

The 16 loose photographs generally capture individuals in various settings, although agricultural and logging scenes predominate. One image is of a mine or other industrial facility.

PE001113 - Pocket Compendium for the Friends of Massey-Harris Co. Limited

Notebook containing useful agricultural facts and tips. Subjects covered include measurement and conversion charts, postal information, individual first aid instructions, miscellaneous ‘household hints’, and cooking recipes. Additionally included is lined space for notes, and illustrations and advertisements of various pieces Massey-Harris Co. Ltd. farm machinery.

A brief pencil note has been written into the first page of line notes in the booklet.

"McKenzie [sic] R River Keep negs - valuable, unidentified & Ft Smith"

McCutchon's envelope labelled "McKenzie [sic] R River Keep negs - valuable, unidentified & Ft Smith", contains:
b&w ; 7 cm x 12 cm film negative depicting aerial photograph of settlement next to river
b&w ; 7 cm x 12 cm film negative depicting aerial photograph of settlement next to river
b&w ; 7 cm x 12 cm film negative depicting aerial photograph of buildings and settlement next to river
b&w ; 7 cm x 12 cm film negative depicting aerial photograph of buildings next to trees
b&w ; 7 cm x 12 cm film negative depicting aerial photograph of settlement next to river
b&w ; 7 cm x 12 cm film negative depicting aerial photograph of cliffs at river bank (the "Ramparts")
b&w ; 7 cm x 12 cm film negative depicting aerial photograph of settlement next to river
b&w ; 7 cm x 12 cm film negative depicting aerial photograph of cliffs at river bank (the "Ramparts")

3.1 Portraits

Subseries consists of portrait photographs of Pocock and other family members. It is arranged chronologically.

Photograph of seven teepees

Photograph of seven teepees from the Nakoda (Stoney) Nation. Writing on reverse reads "Indian Village; Stoney Indian tribe".

"Photos, old aircraft, HS2 [L?] Fairchild 71, [??], etc Fairchild 51"

Dominion Securities envelope labelled "Photos, old aircraft, HS2 [L?] Fairchild 71, [??], etc Fairchild 51", contains:
b&w ; 13 cm x 18 cm print of aircraft in deep snow, National Aviation Museum stamp on verso
b&w ; 13 cm x 18 cm print of Laurentide Air Service seaplane on dry-dock with man working on engine, registration G-CAEB, National Aviation Museum stamp on verso
b&w ; 21 cm x 26 cm print of Western Canada Airways Ltd. Winnipeg aircraft in field, registration G-CAID, automobile in distance [left], caption reads "Fairchild FC-2 - Wright J5-200 hp engine, Regina airport? 1928 on experimental prairie air mail. "Razorback" cruise 85 mph" [print is damaged]
b&w ; 21 cm x 26 cm print of 4 men with dog team in front of aircraft in the snow, registration G-CATL, caption reads "Fairchild FC2W2 G-CAGL [sic]", National Aviation Museum stamp on verso
b&w ; 21 cm x 26 cm print of Laurentide Air Service seaplane at shore with two men aboard, registration [G-CADU?]
b&w ; 21 cm x 26 cm print of Canadian Airways Limited Royal Mail biplane, registration C[F?-??], National Aviation Museum stamp on verso
b&w ; 21 cm x 26 cm print of Laurentide Air Service seaplane at dock with 5 men aboard and one man on dock, registration [G-CACX?]

"Prints, Junkers ARM JU52-I-M, R.R."

National Trust envelope labelled "Prints, Junkers ARM JU52-I-M, R.R.", contains:
b&w ; 9 cm x 15 cm print of Canadian Airways Limited aircraft on floats next to dock, caption reads "Junkers JU52-IM- "flying Box Car" - 1930-35, Dock as Jason Mine Patricia District, Ont"
b&w ; 7 cm x 10 cm print of a small crane loading/retrieving an object on/from a Canadian Airways Limited Junkers aircraft on floats.
b&w ; 9 cm x 15 cm print of Canadian Airways Limited aircraft CF-ARM on floats next to dock
b&w ; 9 cm x 15 cm print of Canadian Airways Limited aircraft CF-ARM and another Canadian Airways Limited aircraft, both on floats, next to dock with 4 men on dock about the wings of the aircraft
b&w ; 9 cm x 15 cm print of Canadian Airways Limited aircraft CF-ARM on floats next to dock, with small river boat 'Hexacon' next to dock alongside small barges. Men work on both the boats and the dock.
b&w ; 9 cm x 15 cm print of Canadian Airways limited aircraft CF-ARM next to another Canadian Airways Limited aircraft
b&w ; 9 cm x 15 cm print of Canadian Airways Limited aircraft CF-AQW next to aircraft CF-ARM, both on floats at dock, caption reads "Junkers ARM JU52-I.M. & Junkers W34 at dock"

"Keep, Bob Porritt, pics etc"

Dominion Securities envelope labelled "Keep, Bob Porritt, pics etc", containing:
"From the Northern Scrapbook of Bobby Porritt" sheet [appears to be designed to be folded and used as Christmas greeting card by Porritt], depicts "first commercial & airmail flight north of 60"
Photocopy of "From the Northern Scrapbook of Bobby Porritt" sheet, depicting various northern scenes involving mail delivery

"Mis. Prints of McK [sic] R - Falls on River in Barrens Summer, Barrens - Winter etc."

Envelope labelled "Mis. Prints of McK [sic] R - Falls on River in Barrens Summer, Barrens - Winter etc." contains:
b&w ; 14 cm x 9 cm print, aerial photograph of river and landscape, caption reads "more falls on river in Barrens"
b&w ; 15 cm x 9 cm print, aerial photograph of lake, caption reads "Reliance"
b&w ; 9 cm x 14 cm print, aerial photograph of river, caption reads "Falls on River near Barrens"
b&w ; 9 cm x 15 cm print, aerial photograph of small buildings next to river, front caption reads "Dease Bay", reverse caption reads "Sloan River"
b&w ; 9 cm x 14 cm print, aerial photograph of river and waterfall, caption reads "2nd falls on River in Barrens"
b&w ; 7 cm x 11 cm print, aerial photograph of landscape [another print appears in 7-165]
b&w ; 7 cm x 11 cm print, aerial photograph of lakes and landscape [another print appears in 7-165]
b&w ; 7 cm x 11 cm print, aerial photograph of lake amongst barren landscape [another print appears in 7-165]
b&w ; 7 cm x 11 cm print, aerial photograph of landscape [another print appears in 6-129]

"not identified, Negatives"

Government of Canada envelope labelled "not identified, Negatives", contains:
b&w ; 7 cm x 11 cm film negative depicting group of men amongst canvas tents
b&w ; 7 cm x 11 cm film negative depicting landscape
b&w ; 7 cm x 11 cm film negative depicting Bellanca aircraft next to shore, registration CF-AKI
b&w ; 7 cm x 11 cm film negative depicting coastline
b&w ; 7 cm x 12 cm film negative, aerial photograph depicting settlement on coast
b&w ; 6 cm x 9 cm film negative depicting group portrait of crowd of people standing in front of aircraft in a snowy field
b&w ; 8 cm x 11 cm film negative depicting dog team pulling man and sled from aircraft [print in 6-130]

PE001573 - W.J. Oliver photographs of the Calgary Stampede

Born in England, William John Oliver (1887-1954) settled in Calgary and worked as a staff photographer for local newspapers. He also operated his own studio. Oliver's work explored many themes, but during the 1920s and 1930s he shot extensively at the Calgary Stampede. For more information, please see the biographical entry in the Glenbow Museum's W.J. Oliver fonds (available online at http://ww2.glenbow.org/search/archivesMainResults.aspx?XC=/search/archivesMainResults.aspx&TN=MAINCAT&AC=QBE_QUERY&RF=WebResults&DL=0&RL=0&NP=255&MF=WPEngMsg.ini&MR=5&QB0=AND&QF0=Main%20entry+%7C+Title&QI0=W.%20J.%20Oliver%20fonds [accessed on 9 December 2018]).

These 7 photographs document the Calgary Stampede rodeo, capturing cowboys competing in several events: bronc riding (5), chuckwagon racing (1), and calf roping (1).

Series 3 Photographs and Postcards

Series documents some of the travels of Pocock and consists of photographs, postcards, and negatives. Images are primarily of the Canadian North-West along with portraits of Pocock and others, Mexico, Canadian Prairies, and Noway. Images were either taken by Pocock or purchased during his travels and usually correlate to the places he visited, as documented through his scrapbooks, diaries, and published autobiographies. Series is arranged chronologically into nine subseries: Portraits, Images of British Columbia, Journey from Fort Macleod to Mexico City, Journey with Randle Cecil, Images of the Canadian Prairies, Journey to Spitzbergen, Images used in Chorus to Adventurers, Semi-Retirement at Charterhouse, and Trip to Canada.

Photograph of women on horseback

Photograph of Indigenous women in full regalia on horseback, almost all facing away from the camera. They are likely from the Nakoda (Stoney) or Niitsitapi/ Siksikaitsitapi (Blackfoot) Nations. Writing on reverse reads "Squaws; Note travois".

Photograph of three teepees

Photograph of several teepees, mostly focused on one with a bison motif. They are likely of the Nakoda (Stoney) or Niitsitapi/ Siksikaitsitapi (Blackfoot) Nations.

Assorted envelopes

Four envelopes, two of which are addressed from Pocock to Harwood Steele and Miss Steele, and the other two are associated with different Pocock scrapbooks from unknown senders.

Photograph of Bill [Vaudreuil?] and two unidentified men

Photograph of three men, "Bill" in the middle of two Indigenous men in full regalia, who are likely from the Nakoda (Stoney) or Niitsitapi/ Siksikaitsitapi (Blackfoot) Nations. Notably behind them are signs for "Calgary" and "[Hudson's] Bay Company". Writing on reverse reads ""Bill" [Vaudreuil?]; Late R.N.W.M.P.; with his old pals. V is wearing Legion Button."

"Bellanca KI change to floats - place not identified"

Envelope labelled "Bellanca KI change to floats - place not identified", contains:
b&w ; 6 cm x 9 cm print of Bellanca CH-300 Pacemaker aircraft, registration AF-AKI, on skis at waterfront
b&w ; 6 cm x 9 cm print of damaged boats on shoreline, tail of aircraft on right of photo
b&w ; 6 cm x 9 cm print of man paddling kayak in front of aircraft on land and on floats, registration AF-AKI
b&w ; 6 cm x 9 cm print of the rear of aircraft on floats but on waterfront, with a man tending to the aircraft
b&w ; 6 cm x 9 cm print of the rear of aircraft in snow on skis, registration CF-AKI
b&w ; 6 cm x 9 cm print of chains and rope holding a piece of timber to part of an aircraft's landing gear, supporting aircraft on barrels
b&w ; 6 cm x 9 cm print of men working to change in/out pontoon floats on aircraft
b&w ; 6 cm x 9 cm print of boat on shoreline
b&w ; 6 cm x 9 cm print of broken ice chunks near shore
b&w ; 6 cm x 9 cm print of aircraft on floats, registration CF-AKI, kayak in foreground
b&w ; 6 cm x 9 cm print of aircraft on floats in the snow, registration CF-AKI
b&w ; 6 cm x 9 cm print of aircraft on floats, resting on shore
b&w ; 6 cm x 9 cm print of aircraft having landing gear changed out, registration CF-AKI

"Negatives McKenzie [sic] Riv. Ft Rae - etc H McLean & McQuay charter keep"

Hotel Macdonald envelope "Negatives McKenzie [sic] Riv. Ft Rae - etc H McLean & McQuay charter keep" containing:
b&w ; 7 cm x 12 cm negative depicting two floatplanes at shore with man and equipment nearby, registrations G-CAGD, G-CASM
b&w ; 7 cm x 12 cm negative depicting group portrait of 5 men next to floatplane, registration G-CASM
b&w ; 7 cm x 12 cm negative depicting 3 men posing beside floatplane, registration G-CASM
b&w ; 7 cm x 12 cm negative of group of men sitting near buildings at waterfront [print in 6-143]
b&w ; 7 cm x 12 cm negative of large group of people on shore next to floatplane, registration G-CASM

"People, negative of Bonnycastle in parka & miscel, Bonnycastle negs, Cornwall"

Envelope labelled "People, negative of Bonnycastle in parka & miscel, Bonnycastle negs, Cornwall" contains:
b&w ; 12 cm x 7 cm negative of Dick Bonnycastle standing beside covered nose of plane [print in 6-145]
b&w ; 12 cm x 7 cm negative of Bonnycastle with two other men [print in 6-144]
b&w ; 11 cm x 7 cm negative of man holding a catch of fish
b&w ; 12 cm x 7 cm negative of two men in front of plane
b&w; 13 cm x 8 cm negative of man in suspenders standing in front of tail of plane
b&w ; 6 cm x 11 cm negative, group portrait of four men
b&w ; 6 cm x 11 cm negative, group portrait of five men, with two other men standing on pontoon of plane
b&w ; 8 cm x 10 cm negative, group portrait of seven people standing on grass in front of garden and building
b&w ; 6 cm x 11 cm negative, group portrait of six people standing in front of plane
b&w ; 11 cm x 6 cm negative of two men in front of a plane (slightly smaller but same as 4th item in this envelope)
b&w; 8 cm x 11 cm negative, group portrait of six men in front of building
b&w ; 11 cm x 7 cm negative of Bonnycastle with two other men (slightly smaller but same as 2nd item in this envelope) [print in 6-144]

"Negatives, CHD – Tall, Mar 1930 Reeves, Eskimo - Eskimo with family - Cooper with fish Grt Bear Lake, 1930"

Envelope labelled "Negatives, CHD – Tall, Mar 1930 Reeves, Eskimo - Eskimo with family - Cooper with fish Grt Bear Lake, 1930", containing envelope labelled "Negative of CHD Reeves & Tall, Coppermine - March 1930", contains:
b&w ; 11 cm x 8 cm film negative depicting portrait of Aboriginal man in front of tent and building
b&w ; 11 cm x 8 cm film negative depicting Aboriginal man, two women, and child (in amauti) standing for portrait in front of buildings [print in 6-146]
b&w ; 11 cm x 7 cm film negative depicting man holding a catch of fish [print in 8-192]

PE000713 - C.P.R. publicity shots taken in the Rockies

Six (6) Canadian Pacific Railway publicity shots taken in the Rockies.  Prints bear captions on back:

  • Lake O’Hara cabins, Lake O’Hara, BC;
  • Yoho Lodge, BC;
  • Train along the Bow River near Lake Louise, Alberta;
  • C. P. Passenger Train – Spiral Tunnels near Field, BC;
  • C. P. Passenger Train nearing Banff, Alta.;
  • Banff Springs Hotel and Bow Valley, Banff, Alta.

PE001562 - [Photo album containing predominantly Edmonton and Alberta images]

Some of the images are identified as from Edmonton's Alfred Blyth Studios. Alfred Blyth (1901-1980) moved to Edmonton from Scotland around 1913 and began work as a darkroom technician in 1916. In 1928, he opened his own studio, which he operated until his retirement in 1970. For more information, please see the biographical entry in the Provincial Museum of Alberta's Alfred Blyth fonds (available online at https://hermis.alberta.ca/paa/Details.aspx?ObjectID=PR0607&dv=True&deptID=1 [accessed on 12 December 2018]).

Approximately half of the album's photographs document Edmonton and area landscapes, buildings, and events. These include images of the Legislature, the Public Library, local golf courses, the 1937 Coronation celebration, and the dedication of the Cenotaph. The remaining images capture scenes elsewhere in Alberta - for example, Banff, Jasper, and Cooking Lake - or outside the province. There are a number of photographs of Vancouver and the Pacific Coast of the United States. Northern scenes are particularly prominent, including images of Alaska and a page of photographs accompanied by the notation "Eskimo scenes."

"Prints, north scenes, unidentified"

Alf Blyth Studios envelope labelled "Prints, north scenes, unidentified", containing:
b&w ; 7 cm x 11 cm print of three men and dog team beneath aircraft wing
b&w ; 9 cm x 14 cm print of man with airmail bags next to aircraft
b&w ; 7 cm x 11 cm print of lodges partially obscured by snowy trees, with tail of aircraft in foreground
b&w ; 7 cm x 11 cm print of aircraft on skis in the snow, registration CF-AIA [a similar print appears in 7-166]
b&w ; 7 cm x 11 cm print, aerial photograph of wooded landscape [another print appears in 7-168]
b&w ; 7 cm x 11 cm print, aerial photograph of rough landscape [another print appears in 7-168]
b&w ; 7 cm x 11 cm print, aerial photograph of lake amongst wooded landscape [another print appears in 7-168]
b&w ; 7 cm x 11 cm print, aerial photograph of seascape and ice floes, underside of aircraft wing in upper foreground
b&w ; 7 cm x 11 cm print of small church next to dwellings [another print appears in 8-173]
b&w ; 7 cm x 12 cm print of dog and three puppies in foreground, two men in background
b&w ; 7 cm x 12 cm print, aerial photograph of plots of land/settlement adjacent to river or inlet
b&w ; 7 cm x 9 cm print of two men next to aircraft in the snow, registration G-CASQ

"pics for identification"

Envelope labelled "pics for identification", containing b&w ; 7 cm x 11 cm print of aircraft on skis, in front of snow-covered cabins, registration CF-AIA [a similar print appears in 7-165]

"Miscel North Pics not identified prints McKenzie [sic] [Dist?] Keep"

Envelope labelled "Miscel North Pics not identified prints McKenzie [sic] [Dist?] Keep", contains:
b&w ; 9 cm x 15 cm print, labelled "SENTENAL - KAY", of coastline and seascape
b&w ; 9 cm x 15 cm print, landscape of mountain range
b&w ; 9 cm x 15 cm print, landscape of mountain range
b&w ; 9 cm x 15 cm print, landscape of mountain range

"People, mostly north. Cameron Bay etc, G Bear L."

Envelope labelled "People, mostly north. Cameron Bay etc, G Bear L.", contains:
b&w ; 8 cm x 6 cm print, portrait of a man in uniform amongst trees
b&w ; 14 cm x 9 cm print of man fishing off the side of a boat
b&w ; 12 cm x 7 cm print of twin-mast boat, caption reads "St Roche? or Peter Pond?"
b&w ; 8 cm x 6 cm print of men in uniform at the tail of an aircraft

"Personal, adults, Connie and family & friends, 1920's to 1930's"

Sears envelope labelled "Personal, adults, Connie and family & friends, 1920's to 1930's", containing negative envelope labelled "negative - CHD in other, Connie about 1926 - Edm.", contains:
b&w ; 8 cm x 11 cm film negative depicting a group portrait of 2 women and a man in front of a building
b&w ; 8 cm x 13 cm film negative depicting group portrait of 4 people in costume
b&w ; 8 cm x 11 cm film negative depicting group portrait of 2 women and a man standing on the shoreline
b&w ; 7 cm x 11 cm film negative depicting group portrait of 3 women seated on a park bench
b&w ; 14 cm x 9 cm negative depicting portrait of man and woman in front of a house
b&w ; 14 cm x 9 cm film negative depicting group portrait of 3 women in front of a memorial monument
b&w ; 14 cm x 9 cm film negative depicting portrait of a woman in front of a house
b&w ; 5 cm x 7 cm film negative depicting 3 people in front of a car -- trace to 'Granny' photos
b&w ; 7 cm x 5 cm film negative depicting Connie Dickins and Granny Dickins in front of car [prints in 1-6]
b&w ; 5 cm x 7 cm film negative depicting group portrait of 5 people
b&w ; 11 cm x 7 cm film negative depicting a woman riding a bicycle
Two b&w ; 7 cm x 5 cm film negatives in one strip, depicting group portraits of 4 people in bathing suits holding parasols

"Negatives, Keep, North country, Cameron Bay, Gt Bear Lake"

Envelope labelled "Negatives, Keep, North country, Cameron Bay, Gt Bear Lake", contains:
b&w ; 7 cm x 12 cm film negative depicting people boarding a boat at dock, registration C.E. SLOA[N] G.B.L Mines ltd. [print in 7-159]
b&w ; 7 cm x 12 cm film negative depicting group portrait of men in front of log cabins
b&w ; 8 cm x 12 cm film negative depicting aerial photograph of settlement on lake shore and landscape

[two negatives]

b&w ; 7 cm x 12 cm film negative of two aircraft amonst vehicles and buildings [print in 8-181]
b&w ; 7 cm x 12 cm film negative of 3 people standing in front of, and looking at, a Junkers aircraft

"Negatives, McMurray, Cooking Lake, Seaplane Base Edmonton & ambulance case unloading at Winnipeg"

Envelope labelled "Negatives, McMurray, Cooking Lake, Seaplane Base Edmonton & ambulance case unloading at Winnipeg", contains:
b&w ; 7 cm x 12 cm film negative depicting 4 planes in snowy field, registration CF-[??], CF-ARI, CF-AAL
b&w ; 7 cm x 12 cm film negative depicting 4 planes at dock, registration CF-A[T]Z
b&w ; 7 cm x 12 cm film negative depicting a group of people unloading a person on stretcher from Canadian Airways Limited aircraft, registration C[F]-AMZ [print in 7-160]
b&w ; 7 cm x 12 cm film negative depicting 4 aircraft on snowy field, registration [L to R] [CF]-AMZ, CF-ATZ, CF-ARI, [CF]-AXE
b&w ; 7 cm x 12 cm film negative depicting group of people standing next to aircraft on snowy field, registration CF-AMZ

"Negatives, McKenzie R, Various places, Norman, Providence etc, [illeg.] river etc"

Eaton's envelope labelled "Negatives, McKenzie R, Various places, Norman, Providence etc, [illeg.] river etc", contains:
b&w ; 7 cm x 11 cm film negative of a group of five people with dog team next to a tent
b&w ; 7 cm x 11 cm film negative, an aerial photograph of a settlement on shoreline
b&w ; 6 cm x 10 cm film negative, an aerial photograph of the landscape
b&w ; 7 cm x 11 cm film negative, an aerial photograph of the landscape
b&w ; 7 cm x 11 cm film negative of a group of people gathered on the shore, tail of aircraft in the foreground
b&w ; 7 cm x 11 cm film negative, an aerial photograph of the landscape
b&w ; 7 cm x 11 cm film negative, an aerial photograph of the landscape
b&w ; 7 cm x 11 cm film negative of a group of people gathered on the dock next to aircraft, registration G-CASM
b&w ; 7 cm x 11 cm film negative of a group of people gathered on the shore next to aircraft, registration G-CASM
b&w ; 6 cm x 9 cm film negative of aircraft in flight, registration G-CASP

PE001569 - Photographs: [Images of a tour of Alberta mining towns]

The album appears to document a tour through Alberta. Industrial and transportation themes are particularly prominent. Many of the photographs capture scenes from coal-mining communities such as Mercoal, Coleman, and Frank, There are several photographs of aircraft and boats in Fort McMurray and elsewhere in northern Alberta. The remaining images capture mountain scenes as well as various towns and cities across Alberta, including several photographs of Edmonton and Calgary.

Paulsen, J.G.?

3.9 Images likely from Calgary Stampede [193-?]

Subseries consists of photographs of Indigenous people, likely from the Nakoda (Stoney) or Niitsitapi/ Siksikaitsitapi (Blackfoot) Nations, and settlers taking part in parades and cultural exhibitions. Seems to be the Calgary Stampede though the year is unknown. Likely taken in sometime during Pocock's pensioner years in the 1930s. Subseries is arranged according to the order that photographs were processed.

Men sitting on curbside

Photograph of five indigenous men in full regalia sitting on a curbside. Men are likely from the Nakoda (Stoney) or Niitsitapi/ Siksikaitsitapi (Blackfoot) Nations. Writing on reverse reads "Indian Medicine Man; Note dead crow; Cure for D.T.S ?".

Photograph of men and child on horseback

Photograph of three Indigenous men and a child on horseback, all in full regalia. They are likely from the Nakoda (Stoney) or Niitsitapi/ Siksikaitsitapi (Blackfoot) Nations. Writing on reverse reads "Note Indian Chiefs son wearing Buffalo horn [insignia?] of rank".

[various aircraft]

b&w ; 7 cm x 9 cm print of a twin-engine United Air Lines aircraft on tarmac, caption reads "Boeing in United colors, 247 D. Later (Cdn Airways)"
b&w ; 7 cm x 9 cm print of a twin-engine aircraft outside a hangar, caption reads "Boeing 247 D. 1942"
b&w ; 7 cm x 9 cm print of a four-engine seaplane on dolly just outside hangar, 'Philippine Clipper' markings, caption reads "Pan Am Phillipines [sic] Clipper as flown on Pacific routes"
b&w ; 7 cm x 9 cm print of men tending to bi-plane on tarmac, 'Boeing School of Aeronautics' marked on side of aircraft, registration NC 587K, caption reads "Pitcairn Trainer Cdn Airways 36?"

PE001556 - Photographs: [Images of Rocky Mountain tourist camps]

The album's photographs capture Rocky Mountain scenes. Some of these are generic landscapes, but most are associated with tourist camps operated by Fred Brewster (1884-1969). Brewster, born in Banff, was a central figure in the development of the tourism industry around Jasper, establishing a number of camps and tours in the region. For more information, please see the biographical entry in the Jasper Yellowhead Museum and Archives' Fred Brewster fonds (available online at https://albertaonrecord.ca/fred-brewster-fonds [accessed on 12 December 2018]).

The album contains photographs from Brewster's Tonquin Valley Chalet, Maligne Lake Chalet, Medicine Lake Chalet, and Black Cat Guest Ranch. The images capture camp buildings and equipment as well as staff and guests. Staff members are also shown in various activities related to the operation of the facilities and tours, such as opening and closing the camps for the season.

Some annotations list only the first names of the people shown, but in some instances - for example, Bud and Myra Patterson, manager and hostess of the Maligne Lake Chalet - the surname is also provided. One of the individuals identified, George Chopey, is also listed as having taken several of the photographs.

Lord, Robert G.

PE001567 - Photographs: [Images of First Nations communities at an Oblate mission, Buffalo Narrows, Saskatchewan]

Several photographs are noted as having been taken at Buffalo Narrows, a community in northern Saskatchewan. Two of the captions identify the person pictured as Reverend Edward Bleau, an Oblate priest. The necrology section of the Oblates communications Web site (available online at http://archive.omiworld.org/en/necrology/all/ [accessed on 10 December 2018]) lists an Eduardus Bleau as dying in the Pas in 1956.

Certainly the contents of the album appear to capture life in a missionary community. There are numerous images of First Nations children and adults in various settings. There is also a photograph of a priest celebrating mass in a small clearing in the woods, Several First Nations congregants are kneeling in the background. Also among the photographs is an image of Bishop Martin Lajeunesse arriving on the shore after a canoe trip.

Approximately half of the album's photographs appear to document life in the missionary community. Several others capture scenes related to clerical life, such as the interior of a church and a portrait of what appears to be a group of first communicants. The remaining images consist mostly of family photographs and souvenirs of a trip to Niagara Falls and other locations in southern Ontario.

PE000785 - International Cartage Service Ltd. Brochure

This brochure is for International Cartage Service Limited, a truck service in Manitoba. Located at 363 William Ave. Phone 23 196. The inside of the brochure contains rates, contact information, and company features, while the back outlines rates for express services. All trucks are from General Motors Corporation in Winnipeg.

"CPA pictures. Junkers R.M. + W34 / 8"x10" B&W, Bell Airbus – in ice etc, Vega AAL, Fairchild 71 & 82, Bark [i.e. Barkley] Grow, etc"

Kodak photo paper box containing CP Air prints of various aircraft, writing on box reads "CPA pictures. Junkers R.M. + W34 / 8"x10" B&W, Bell Airbus – in ice etc, Vega AAL, Fairchild 71 & 82, Bark [i.e. Barkley] Grow, etc", contains the following:
b&w ; 21 cm x 26 cm print of 2 men and animal in cargo hold
b&w ; 21 cm x 26 cm print of 2 men and animal [horse?] in cargo hold
b&w ; 21 cm x 26 cm print of 3 men working around an airframe buried in the snow
b&w ; 21 cm x 26 cm print of 2 men working on an airframe buried in the snow
b&w ; 21 cm x 26 cm print of men boxing an airframe
b&w ; 10 cm x 16 cm print (on 21 cm x 26 cm photographic paper) of aircraft in snow, registration CF-BUA
b&w ; 21 cm x 26 cm print of Canadian Airways Limited aircraft in flight, registration CF-ARM
b&w ; 21 cm x 26 cm print of men working on an aircraft wing in the snow
b&w ; 21 cm x 26 cm print of Mackenzie Air Service Ltd. aircraft on the ice
b&w ; 21 cm x 26 cm print of aircraft equipped with skis, registration CF-AAL
b&w ; 21 cm x 26 cm print of Mackenzie Air Service Ltd. floatplane at dock, registration CF-AXM
b&w ; 21 cm x 26 cm print of ski-equipped aircraft, registration CF-BAU
b&w ; 21 cm x 26 cm print of aircraft on grass, registration CF-CPL
b&w ; 21 cm x 26 cm print of floatplane next to canoes
b&w ; 21 cm x 26 cm print of twin-engine float plane on water
b&w ; 21 cm x 26 cm print of twin-engine floatplane, Yukon Southern / Yukon Prince, registration CF-BMW
b&w ; 21 cm x 26 cm print, copy of above, caption on reverse "Barkley Grow"
b&w ; 21 cm x 26 cm print of twin-engine floatplane on lake in front of mountains, registration CF-BQH
b&w ; 21 cm x 26 cm print of Canadian Pacific Airlines twin-engine floatplane at shore, registration CF-BQQ
b&w ; 21 cm x 26 cm print of twin-engine floatplane at shore, registration CF-BQH
b&w ; 21 cm x 26 cm print of pilot greeting a woman exiting a twin-engine aircraft on the tarmac, registration CF-BQQ
b&w ; 21 cm x 26 cm print, copy of above, with caption "Beechcraft" [print has been damaged by folding]
b&w ; 21 cm x 26 cm print of twin-engine Yukon Southern aircraft on runway, registration CF-BTY
b&w ; 21 cm x 26 cm print of twin-engine aircraft in flight, registration CF-CPC
b&w ; 21 cm x 26 cm print of twin-engine Canadian Pacific aircraft in flight, registration CF-CPD, caption: "Corvair"
b&w ; 21 cm x 26 cm print of pilot with 4 women at exit of Canadian Pacific Airlines aircraft
b&w ; 21 cm x 26 cm print of crew loading packages onto Canadian Pacific Airlines twin-engine aircraft
b&w ; 21 cm x 26 cm print of twin-engine aircraft in flight, registration CF-CPC
b&w ; 21 cm x 26 cm print of twin-engine Canadian Pacific Airlines aircraft outside a hangar
b&w ; 21 cm x 26 cm print of twin-engine aircraft on snow runway, registration CF-CPY
b&w ; 21 cm x 26 cm print of three floatplanes at dock, registrations CF-MP[?], CF-BNA, CF-BDD
b&w ; 21 cm x 26 cm print of men, dog-team, and ski-equipped aircraft with canoes attached
b&w ; 21 cm x 26 cm print of Canadian Airways floatplane at dock with two men loading cargo on canoes
b&w ; 21 cm x 26 cm print, copy of above, with caption on reverse "Junkers-34 at northern Manitoba outpost 1934"
b&w ; 21 cm x 26 cm print of two floatplanes at dock, registrations CF-ATF and CF-BQQ
b&w ; 21 cm x 26 cm print of Canadian Pacific Airlines floatplane at dock, registration CF-ATF
b&w ; 21 cm x 26 cm print of aircraft with canoes attached
b&w ; 26 cm x 21 cm print of four Aboriginal boys standing next to cargo and aircraft
b&w ; 21 cm x 26 cm print of men with floatplane in foreground, multiple floatplanes in background
b&w ; 21 cm x 26 cm print, portrait of man at radio set with typewriter writing 'radiotelegram'
b&w ; 21 cm x 26 cm print of a group of floatplanes at shore, with registration CF-BDD in foreground
b&w ; 21 cm x 26 cm print, aerial photograph of buildings and tents with "unknown" captioned on reverse
b&w ; 21 cm x 26 cm print of buildings and tents near the foot of mountains, "unknown" captioned on reverse
b&w ; 21 cm x 26 cm print of Sikorsky VS-300 helicopter hovering over water at shore, "unknown" captioned on reverse
b&w ; 21 cm x 26 cm print, Canadian Pacific aircraft on airfield, registration CF-CRV, caption on reverse reads "Canso"
b&w ; 21 cm x 26 cm print, a rendering of a DC-8 Super 63 jet aircraft in flight with caption on reverse reading "DC-8 (Series 63)"
b&w ; 26 cm x 21 cm print of 4 Aboriginal men standing in front of a twin-engine aircraft, registration CF-CZL, with caption "C-46"
b&w ; 21 cm x 26 cm print of a de Havilland Dragon Rapide floatplane on water, registration CF-BNG, with caption "Dragon Rapide"
b&w ; 21 cm x 26 cm print, copy of the above
b&w ; 21 cm x 26 cm print of a single-engine bi-plane on snow, registration CF-AGX
b&w ; 21 cm x 26 cm print of a single-engine aircraft, Mackenzie Air Service Ltd., skis attached, registration CF-BNA
b&w ; 21 cm x 26 cm print of men with ski-equipped single-engine bi-plane, Wings ltd. Royal Mail, registration CF-BBO
b&w ; 21 cm x 26 cm print of a man on top of a single-engine ski-equipped aircraft, registration CF-AJB
b&w ; 21 cm x 26 cm print of two men on the pontoon of a floatplane, Radium Silver Express
b&w ; 21 cm x 26 cm print of men working on a Canadian Airways Limited single-engine floatplane, registration CF-ARM
b&w ; 21 cm x 26 cm print of workers loading/unloading an object into/from a Canadian Pacific Airways ski-equipped aircraft
b&w ; 21 cm x 26 cm print of the previous plane taking off, registration CF-ARM
b&w ; 26 cm x 21 cm print, portrait of a man at a desk, holding a rolled-up document, wearing an Empire Air Training jacket
b&w ; 21 cm x 26 cm print, portrait of two Canadian Pacific Airlines pilots examining a map on a desk
b&w ; 17 cm x 22 cm print of a Canadian Pacific Airlines Boeing 737-200 jet in an artist's rendering, registration CF-CPA -- includes previously attached typed description of the aircraft

PE001554 - Photos: [Images of a buffalo hunt in northern Alberta]

The locations of the photographs are not identified, but the locales seem likely to be in northern Alberta. One photograph shows three men standing in front of a building with the sign Embarras Airport over its entrance - presumably from Embarras, Alberta. Another photograph shows a man standing on one of the pontoons of a Territories Air Service plane. The content of the newspaper clipping also suggests a northern-Alberta setting, as it discusses a proposed buffalo hunt in Wood Buffalo National Park. Indeed, many of the photographs in the album likely capture this event.

The album contains several photographs of buffalo and, more specifically, of buffalo hunting. These include images of hunters posing beside dead buffaloes and field dressing carcasses. The album also contains photographs of more generic hunting and fishing scenes as well as of lakes and other northern landscapes. Images of town sites (some of which are aerial shots) are also present.

The album also contains images of airplanes, ferries, canoes, and other forms of transportation. Groups of men (perhaps the hunting parties) have been captured in various settings. The album also contains several photographs of a game warden or other uniformed official caring for young animals.

PE001012 - Portrait, presumably of Gladys Jean Lowe

Black and white photograph portrait of a woman. The photograph is mounted to a slightly larger piece of cardboard. On the reverse, written in pencil: “Return to: Glady Jean Lowe 1727 McDonald St.” and “Social / Sa(?) Island / 3” x 4” ” and “A to match ‘B.’ ”

Supporting Materials

File consists of documentation and correspondence related to the description of and research on the Dorothy Livesay Fonds done in the 1970s. These records can be used to proved context on the acquisition and arrangement of Livesay's records.

[colour prints]

colour ; 15 cm x 10 cm print, group portrait of 3 older men in front of an aircraft, caption on reverse reads "Vern Simmonds, Gordon Caunam, Mickey S."
colour ; 10 cm x 15 cm print of [Vern Simmonds] and [Mickey S] in front of aircraft, registration CF-ATZ
colour ; 9 cm x 13 cm print of single-engine aircraft on runway, registration CF-ATZ
colour ; 10 cm x 15 cm print, group portrait in front of plane of [Simmonds], [Mickey S], and [E.J. McGoldrick], caption reads "Capt. Joe McGoldrick CANADIAN"
colour ; 9 cm x 13 cm print, similar to above, with [McGoldrick, Simmonds, and Mickey S] in front of plane on tarmac
colour ; 9 cm x 13 cm print of [Simmonds and Mickey S] in front of plane on tarmac
colour ; 10 cm x 15 cm print of aircraft with registration CF-ATZ
colour ; 9 cm x 13 cm print of [Simmonds and Mickey S] in front of plane on tarmac near hangar

Pre 1700

This series contains all items in the collection created prior to 1700.

1676 promissory note, Montreal

Promissory note for 57 livres written in French.

Translation: "At Montreal, 18 June 1676. I undersigned confess to owe the sum of 57 livres to Jean Aubuchon, bourgeois of Montreal."
Signed by Joachim Germaneau.

From notes provided by the donor, "An early promissory note, made out at Montreal. The note was most likely provided by Aubuchon by Germaneau in exchange for fur trade goods. As there was no payment date stated, they probably had a payment schedule in mind, perhaps at the end of the fur trading season, or when Germaneau was expecting to be paid his soldiering wages in hard currency by the government of New France.

Joachim Germaneau (? - 1717) arrived in Canada in 1665 as a soldier. He is known to have been an outfitter in the fur trade between 1692 and 1694. He, as with most military men of the time in New France, probably participated in the fur trade during his official assignments prior to 1692.

Jean Aubuchon dit l'Esperance (?-1685) was a fur trader in Montreal, and brother-in-law to the Royal Notary Adhemar. At one point in his career, he was fined 50 livres for trading liquor with the 'Indians,' which was strictly prohibited."

1692 Beaver note by Voyageur

A short note written in French.

Translation: "Gabriel Cardinal approves the obligation that Tetros and Cadieu, his friends, have undertaken towards Sieur Dufresne, in which he is responsible with them, this other than for what he has personally received, which is 42 livres 10 sols, which he promises to pay as his share of the partnership, in beaver at the price of the bureau. Drawn up this 1st of May, 1692."
Signed by Gabriel Cardinal (his mark and cross).

(witness certification) "I, the undersigned, certify that the said Cardinal gave me at Lachine, this note on which he has made his mark at the bottom, to be taken and used by Sieur Dufresne. This 1st of May, 1692."
Signed by Jean Arnaud.

(footnote) "The obligation is for 236 livres 1 sol." ('Obligation' possibly meaning 'the total debt for all partners.')

From notes provided by donor:

"A beaver note promising to pay the debt in 'beaver at the price of the bureau.' The 'bureau' was the appointed board of officials and traders in Quebec City that set the price of beaver, and in doing so set the value of the most important medium of exchange in New France, the beaver pelt.

Beaver notes, because they were secured by beaver skins at the price set by the bureau, often circulated amongst colonists due to the lack of hard currency. The notes were negotiable, and were considered money. Beaver notes are one of the earliest forms of paper currency in New France, pre-dating card money.

Gabriel Cardinal (1661 - ?) was a voyageur, and came from a family whose male members were primarily involved with the fur trade. He married in 1682.

Sieur Nicholas Jenvrin Dufresne (fl. 1690s-1700s) was a Montreal merchant.

Jean Arnaud (?-?) was a Church Warden of Montreal. He married in 1690."

1693 Promissory note signed in Michilimackinac

1693 Promissory note signed at Michilimackinac (now St Ignace, MI). Written in French.

Translation: "I promise to pay to Maurice Menard, or order, four marketable beaver, which he has lent me ... the said beaver I promise to pay him this spring in the month of June 1694. Drawn up at Michilimackinac, this 2nd day of July, 1693."
Signed by Claude Fezeret.

From notes provided by the donor:
"An early promissory note payable in 'marketable beaver,' made out at Michilimackinac, an important center through which the majority of the fur trade for the Great Lakes region was conducted at the time.

Claude Fezeret (1642-1720) came to Quebec some time before 1659. He was a master locksmith and gunsmith by profession, and from 1676 to 1681 he figured prominently in the Montreal Armourers Company (having been known as 'the first gunsmith in New France'). It seems that he also conducted business at Michilimackinac, probably servicing armaments for fur traders, and possibly taking an active and direct role in the fur trade in the Great Lakes region.

Maurice Menard (1664-?) was born in Trois-Rivieres. We know little about Menard, other than he was an interpreter at Michilimackinac, and lived there with his wife Madeline, dit Couc. They had a son Antoine, born at Michilimackinac on April 28, 1695. It appears that Madeline was one of the first white women living in the western 'Indian Country' during this period."

York Fort America anno, 1715

A double-sided, printed card stamped with publisher information for Jackdaw No. C5 The Fur Trade and a note that the card was printed in Canada.

On one side, the card outlines the value of various trading goods. Goods include toiletries, clothing, animal skins, tools and implements, and household goods, such as thread. On the reverse side, the card details the value of goods traded at York Fort, including a breakdown of the goods and their quantities, between 8 September 1714 and 1 August 1715. The goods listed are animals skins. The items are tallied and noted that they are to be "packed up to be sent home and valued into beaver."

1700—1749

This series contains all items in the collection created between 1700 and 1749.

1776 Handwritten Voyageur Contract

A handwritten voyageur contract for the position of “Devant” (Bowsman), signed in Montreal on September 2, 1776. This document contracts Joseph Leger dit Parizeau as a bowsman for Joseph-Louis Ainsse for the salary of 450 francs “currency of the country.” The outline of the contract was pre-written in black ink and later filled in with particulars by Francois Simonnet in a paler ink.

1780 James Grant letter

A letter from James Grant addressed to his attorney, James Walker. He refers to giving a 10 day extension to someone who owes him money and requests that Mr. Walker represent him should the need arise for him to pursue legal action against this person. Mr. Grant also mentions Jacob Jordan, Richard Dobie, and Mr. Mackenzie who are all involved with the fur trade.

Grant, James

1782 Lake Erie freight line promissory note

A beautifully handwritten receipt/promissory note for freight shipped across Lake Erie aboard His Majesty's schooner "Hope." Signed in Detroit, November 25, 1782, by Gregor McGregor for Normand MacLeod & Company. Endorsed by Thomas Dunn, Justice of Common Pleas (J.C.P.).

The note reads, "The Hope, Detroit. 25 November 1782. Received from on board his Majesty's Schooner Hope Henry Ford Commander, seven and one half Barrels Bulk of Merchandize as per Bill of Lading No.11 in the Same Condition as Shipped at Fort Erie, the freight of Which I Promise to pay on Demand, to the Naval Store keeper at Detroit, the Naval Store keeper at Carelton Island, Or to the Pay Master General of the Marine Department at Quebec, for Which I have Signed two Receipts of the Same Tenor and Date. Box N.36 Shott half out. (signed) Gregor McGregor for McLeod & Co."

Docketed:
"No.11 Receipt to be Signed [by] Mr. McLeod"
"1782 McLeod & Macknamara"
"No.14 = 7 1/2 B.B." (where '14' is written in pencil)
"Judgement Montreal 15 Nov 1792 Thom. Dunn JCP"

From notes provided by the donor: "Shortly after the outbreak of the American Revolutionary War in 1776, the British Inland Marine (ultimately under the control of Guy Carleton, Governor of Quebec) restricted movement on the Great Lakes to the King's vessels in an effort to control or eliminate the smuggling of goods that might potentially assist the rebellious 'enemy' to the south. Within this arrangement, fur traders and merchants were allowed to have their goods shipped aboard the King's vessels, provided that there was room (over and above the needs of the Navy and other official Military personnel). Goods and furs were shipped aboard the vessels, and 'Freight Notes' were issued to confirm not only the receipt of goods but also to state a promise to pay (at some later date) for the service. In the end, many of these promissory notes were not settled: many of the trades and merchants were summoned to court for non-payment whereas others delinquent in payment were simply dismissed.

Problems aboard the ships were commonplace, and shipments were lost and damaged, with little recourse for compensation. Throughout this period, the traders and merchants (essentially the core of what was to become the North West Company and their opposition groups) complained, and eventually were permitted to have a few of their own private vessels on the Great Lakes to conduct their business activities.

Two years after the conclusion of the Revolutionary war, American and British delegates met in Paris to formalize Britain's recognition and acceptance of the United States of America, and signed the Paris Treaty of 1783. However, the inland maritime restrictions were in place until about 1787, when more private vessels were allowed to operate on the lakes.

This 'Freight Note' is a rare example of fur trade ephemera from a critical period of instability in the region following the British Conquest of New France and the enactment of the Quebec Act. It exemplifies the structured presence and control of the British over the Great Lakes, and the law-abiding fur traders and merchants who wished to continue their trade in the midst of all the chaos and uncertainty.

Normand MacLeod (d. 1796) was an army officer who entered the fur trade in 1774. He developed a partnership with Gregor McGregor, and by 1779 included John Macnamara (a prominent merchant in Michilimackinac) as a new partner. In 1781, he became associated with John Gregory of Montreal in the firm of Gregory, MacLeod and Company (among whose Wintering Partners was a young Alexander Mackenzie). Gregory, MacLeod and Company proved to be the main opposition to the North West Company, and by 1787 were absorbed into the association. In 1790, MacLeod sold his share and retired."

1793 Todd, McGill & Co. legal action

Three documents related to a court action taken by Todd, McGill & Co. for 6.12.5 pounds. They recovered the amount. The first document is written in English, with the following documents written in French.

From notes provided by the donor: "Todd, McGill & Co. included Isaac Todd and brothers James McGill, John McGill, and Andrew McGill. The firm was concerned mainly with the fur trade south-west of the Great Lakes region. James McGill left a large part of his estate to found McGill University in Montreal."

1798 Warrant to Summons, signed by Alexander Henry & Alexander Auldjo

Warrant to the Sheriff to summon 12 principal householders. Signed and sealed in Montreal 1798 by Alexander Henry (the elder) and Alexander Auldjo. Also endorsed by Sheriff Wm. Gray.

From notes provided by the donor: "Known by the Natives as 'the handsome Englishman,' Alexander Henry was one of the first English traders to pursue the fur trade in Canada upon the fall of New France. He was one of the founding members of the Beaver Club, and together with his nephew Alexander Henry the younger, acquired a share in the North West Company in 1792. He related his early experiences in his celebrated book 'Travels and Adventures in Canada and the Indian Territories, Between the years 1760 and 1776.'

Alexander Auldjo, a leader among Montreal businessmen in the 1780s, invested considerable sums in the Canadian fur trade, bought and sold property, and administered estates. He also had intimate dealings with other noteworthy Montreal merchants, namely William Maitland, Richard Dobie, and Simon McTavish.

With regard to the present document, Henry and Auldjo, in the capacity of 'His Majesty's Justices to Keep Peace in Montreal,' consider an application by Peter Foretier to subdivide a six-acre piece of land 'situated near the Town Walls, along the rivulet commonly called the Montreal River.' In this light, the document proposes to summon twelve principal householders of the district to appear before the justices to consider the proposed subdivision."

PE001004 - Album of a Trip across Canada

An album of photographs by an unidentified but accomplished photographer, with some commercial photos from Barclay and Steele & Co. mixed throughout. The album documents a trip across Canada, from sea to sea, taking place in the late 1800s. Many scenes in British Columbia, the Rocky Mountains, the Prairies (including Aboriginals and cowboys), and Ontario and Quebec, but the album does not seem to be arranged chronologically.

26 photographs in B.C.,
22 in the Prairies,
10 in Quebec and Ontario.

1801 voyageur contract

A printed form contract in French. Signed in 1801 by Louis and Joseph Belair, Pierre Champoux, and public notary Maurice deGlandons. By this contract, Pierre Champoux signed on with McTavish, Frobisher & Co. as a voyageur.

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