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Bruce Peel Special Collections Series
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Pre 1700

This series contains all items in the collection created prior to 1700.

1870—1879

This series contains all items in the collection created between 1870 and 1879.

1700—1749

This series contains all items in the collection created between 1700 and 1749.

1800—1809

This series contains all items in the collection created between 1800 and 1809.

1810—1819

This series contains all items in the collection created between 1810 and 1819.

1820—1829

This series contains all items in the collection created between 1820 and 1829.

1830—1839

This series contains all items in the collection created between 1830 and 1839.

1840—1849

This series contains all items in the collection created between 1840 and 1849.

1850—1859

This series contains all items in the collection created between 1850 and 1859.

1860—1869

This series contains all items in the collection created between 1860 and 1869.

NWMP & the Liquor Question

Approximately twenty (20) items regarding the regulation of liquor in the North West Territories of Canada in the late 1880s and early 1900s. The difficulties faced by the North West Mounted Police (NWMP) in enforcing the unpopular permit-based liquor laws of the time are given particular attention.

North-West Mounted Police

Rev. John Smithurst Correspondence

The bulk of this collection of correspondence was written between 1838 and 1862, and addressed to Reverend John Smithurst, “Indian Settlement, Red River, North America.” The “Indian Settlement” was the home of Chief Peguis and his people, the Saulteaux, located at Netley Creek, a branch of the Red River south of Lake Winnipeg. Following his resignation in 1851, Rev. Smithurst immigrated to Canada West and settled in Elora and then Minto in what is now Ontario.

Rev. Smithurst was an Anglican missionary sent by the Church Missionary Society from England to Rupert’s Land to convert the First Nations and Metis peoples of the area known broadly as the Red River Settlement; modern-day Winnipeg, Manitoba encompasses many sites that made up the settlement. Ministering to the “Indians” and “Half-Breeds,” Rev. Smithurst was one of the handful of missionaries west of Canada during a period of social and political unrest, economic upheaval, starvation, disease, racism and classism. Rev. Smithurst was in contact with many influential people of the time, including Henry Budd and James Settee, the first Indigenous men to be ordained by the Anglican church in North America; Reverend William Cockran; Reverend Ezekiel Gilbert Gear, chaplain at Fort Snelling in modern-day Minnesota; Reverend William Mason, Rossville Mission Press printer; David Anderson, first bishop of Rupert’s Land; and Duncan Finlayson, governor of Assiniboia.

In the correspondence within this collection, missionaries privately share personal frustrations with their efforts to “civilize” and convert Indigenous peoples, while struggling to survive the landscape and navigate social conflicts.

Acquired with Rev. Smithurst's letters, and included here, are several miscellaneous letters, as well as correspondence for the Reverend C.E. Thomson, who succeeded Rev. Smithurst at the Elora parish, and correspondence for the Reverend Adam Townley, step-father to Rev. Thomson. Correspondents include: John Strachan, first bishop of Toronto; Alexander Neil Bethune, second bishop of Toronto; F.D. Fauquier, first bishop of Algoma; and George Whitaker, first provost of Trinity College in Toronto.

Fort Chipewyan Photographs and HBC Journal

The photographic archive comes from Louise Rourke’s working papers used to illustrate her book “Land of the Frozen Tide,” published in London, 1928. Photographs are mounted on paper, many with typed captions. Some are mocked up with borders and decoration, or are marked up to silhouette individuals. Various notations in ink and pencil appear on most items. Most photographs are of Fort Chipewyan, Lake Athabasca, and Fond-du-Lac, SK. There are many photographs of boats on Lake Athabasca. Of note are two photographs accompanied by newspaper clippings.

  • Photograph of John Hornby in front of a cabin. Photograph is accompanied by an undated newspaper clipping describing the tragic discovery of Mr. Hornby, dead by starvation.
  • Photograph of two men captioned as the "factor" and "Mr. Mercredi, local boatbuilder." Accompanied by photograph clipped from a 1996 newspaper, captioned “Assembly of First Nations chief Ovide Mercredi looks toward aboriginal Korean War veteran Leon Fontaine from Manitoba Monday in Ottawa.”

Also included is an unpublished Hudson’s Bay Company fur trading post journal. Contains daily manuscript entries written by Louise Rourke's first husband, accountant Douglas Musgrave Rourke, who worked at Ft. Chipewyan. Entries are from between January 1, 1926 and January 7, 1927. The entries are preceded by a page of comments probably written by Louise Rourke. A carbon typescript biography of Louise Rourke and her second husband, Alwyn H.B. Dawson, is included as a loose sheet of paper.

Rourke, Louise

T. A. Patrick Letters & Correspondence

An archive of 52 interesting and significant letters by Thomas “Alf” Patrick and his wife Marion (1889-1904). Almost all letters come with their original stamped mailing envelopes (49 envelopes in total). 44 letters are by Thomas and 8 by Marion.
Most of the letters are handwritten and signed, ranging from a single page up to five pages, often closely written. 3 are typed and signed.
In the case of letters by Thomas Patrick, many of the letters to his wife are almost in diary form recording events as they happened [often mailed from Regina]. Some letters are written when Patrick was physically sitting in the Legislative Chambers waiting for events to unfold there. These are usually on embossed North West Territory Legislative stationery.
Three themes run through the archive:

  • Significant political matters and events surrounding the period when Patrick served in the North West Territories Legislature
  • Historical events on the Prairies
  • Issues relating to a lack of infrastructure and a changing societal and political landscape due to heavy immigration into the
    Prairies.
  • Life on the Prairies in the late 19th and early 20th centuries
  • The close personal relationship and related family matters between two early pioneers in Saskatchewan
    Topics covered include: medical, legislative matters, Indians and half-breeds, railway events, life in Saltcoats and Regina, Saskatchewan, land investments, illnesses on the prairies, people (Clifford Sifton and Frederick Haultain) and related topics, immigration, Mennonites, Hungarians, Doukhobors, infrastructure, visiting patients, and much more.

Patrick, Thomas Alfred

Series 1 Personal Papers

Series documents the travels and occupations of Roger Pocock and consists of the personal papers of Pocock, including scrapbooks, diaries, correspondence, and other miscellaneous documents such as correspondence and contracts regarding the publication of his books, ephemera about his lecture series or from his travels, and documents from his services with the North-West Mounted Police and British fishing fleets. The geographical coverage of these records is global but primarily covers North-West Canada.

Series 2 Published/Printed Materials

Series documents some of the published works by Pocock, about Pocock, of about the Legion of Frontiersmen. It includes books, articles, and a musical score by Pocock, as well as biographies about Pocock and articles and handbooks from the Legion of Frontiersmen. Series is arranged into three subseries: Books by Pocock, Other publications by Pocock, and Publications by others.

Series 3 Photographs and Postcards

Series documents some of the travels of Pocock and consists of photographs, postcards, and negatives. Images are primarily of the Canadian North-West along with portraits of Pocock and others, Mexico, Canadian Prairies, and Noway. Images were either taken by Pocock or purchased during his travels and usually correlate to the places he visited, as documented through his scrapbooks, diaries, and published autobiographies. Series is arranged chronologically into nine subseries: Portraits, Images of British Columbia, Journey from Fort Macleod to Mexico City, Journey with Randle Cecil, Images of the Canadian Prairies, Journey to Spitzbergen, Images used in Chorus to Adventurers, Semi-Retirement at Charterhouse, and Trip to Canada.

Wynne Francis Collection: Magazine and Small Press Ephemera

The records in this series consist primarily of the research files maintained by Wynne Francis related to her collection of magazine and small press ephemera. The later dates with some of the file contents suggest that David McKnight likely added found material to the files. These files arrived boxed together in the alphabetical order that is maintained in the series, so even if a file seems to represent a later period than that which Wynne Francis was collecting in, the file remains with this series. Researchers interested in a specific title should also consult the file lists found in Series 1, David McKnight’s magazine and small press research files.

The files are in alphabetical order by title of the magazine or small press; there was no distinction made between the two formats in the files that arrived with this series. The file contents include some original, but mostly photocopied magazine copies and excerpts; related articles and news clippings; subscription and ordering information; brochures; catalogues; and some correspondence. The file contents are maintained in chronological order.

Title based on contents of series

Francis, Wynne

Wynne Francis Collection: Poets and Editors Research Records

Series consists of Wynne Francis’ research files referencing Canadian poets and magazine editors during predominantly the 1960’s and 1970’s. The files are maintained in alphabetical order by the name of the individual, and include material such as news clippings, published articles, manuscripts, reviews, bibliographies, posters, and brochures.

Title supplied from file contents.

Francis, Wynne

David McKnight and Wynne Francis: Correspondence Files

The records in this series document correspondence files maintained by both Wynne Francis, and David McKnight, often with writers, scholars, bibliographers, editors, and publishers regarding the history of little magazines and presses. The correspondence is incoming with some outgoing copies, and is arranged in chronological order within each folder.

The first two sub-series consist of Wynne Francis’ files and are organized as her chronological files (1961-1990), and files arranged alphabetically by subject. The third and fourth sub-series are David McKnight’s correspondence files, also organized by his chronological files (1989-2003) and correspondence files arranged alphabetically by subject. Many notable writers and scholars are consulted in these files, including well-known poets, authors and publishers. The series documents the extensive research and connectedness both Francis and McKnight had with the broader Canadian literary community.

Title based on contents of series.

Research/Reference Files: Little Magazines and Publications

This is the largest series, documenting the research and reference material related to the history of Canadian little magazines and publications. Included in the files are imprints, guides, dissertations and off-prints of individual magazine and press studies. There are catalogs from book dealers, and information about regional presses, including several files devoted to the literary arts scene in Quebec, as well as other regions of Canada. Material was listed in this series if it appeared to be largely maintained as a reference file, containing information relevant to David McKnight’s research interests.

Coach House Press Project and Archive

David McKnight writes that he began collecting books published by the Coach House Press, a Toronto, Ontario literary small press in 1972. As he further explains: “Coach House emerged as one of the leading venues dedicated to publishing Canada’s nascent literary avant-garde.” In the summer of 1996, McKnight signed a contract with National Archives and Library of Canada to curate and prepare a three-dimensional exhibit for the Coach House Press. The exhibit used papers held by the National Library (literary manuscripts), and some loaned material.

This series includes the files related to planning and setting up the exhibition (New Wave Canada Exhibition) for the National Library and Archives, as well as general archives related to the history of the Coach House Press.

Title based on contents of series.

Poems: Typescripts and Manuscripts

This series consists of approximately 1,470 poems, which are represented as typescripts and/or manuscripts. File titles within this series reflect the arrangement of poems, which are grouped together based on the year and time frame in which those poems were written or, in the case of poems with no recorded date, the year and alphabetical span of those poems.
While nearly all of the poems are typescript, most poems in this series are in both typescript (ts) and manuscripts (ms) form. Many poems have multiple typescript copies and some have multiple manuscript copies. It is not clear whether Livesay herself created the typescripts, but many have handwritten notes, edits, or signatures from Livesay. When there is one or more typescript and one or more manuscript of a single poem, the materials are arranged together (ts/ms). Rarely, two different poems are written on one manuscript and therefore not all manuscript poems are arranged with their respective typescript.
This series also consists of clippings and photocopies of published poems (p), which are arranged with the typescript and/or manuscript of the same poem.

Correspondence with Ryerson Press

Series includes business correspondence between Ryerson Press and Dorothy Livesay. Most letters are from various editors and managers regarding the publishing and publicity of Livesay's works. There are also copies of letters written by Livesay to various people at Ryerson Press. Correspondents include Lorne Pierce, Frank Flemington, Elsinore Haultain, Fred(?) Ellins, Enid Thornton, Earle Toppings, Campbell Hughes, George Truss, Georgeanna Hamilton, and Robin Farr. Correspondence is arranged chronologically.
Series also includes miscellaneous items such as newsclippings, postage receipts, royalty statements, review lists, and advertisements.

Correspondence

Contains correspondence to Robert Bell from various associates. Letters describe a wide range of events and activities including managing trading posts, personal life, survey work, and specimen study. Most letters were written in locations across Canada and sent to Dr Bell at the Geological Survey headquarters in Montreal, Quebec.

Field Notes

Field notes written by Robert Bell recording dates, temperatures, and coordinates. Notes pertain to the areas of Athabasca River and Slave River, Alberta.

Photographs

Photographs of 'Punch' Dickins, his family and friends, as well as landscapes and airplanes.

Ephemera

This series is composed of ephemeral items such as clippings, greetings cards, etc relating to members of the Frontiersmen operating out of, or relating to, Home Command, located in the United Kingdom.

Photographs

This series is composed of photographic items relating to members of the Frontiersmen operating out of, or relating to, Home Command, located in the United Kingdom.

Periodicals

This series is composed of periodicals, journals, and magazines published either by or relating to the Legion of Frontiersmen with relation to Home Command, located in the United Kingdom.

Photographs

This series is composed of photographic items relating to members of the Frontiersmen operating out of, or relating to, members in countries outside of the major areas of operation for the Legion.

Research Files

Alphabetically-arranged files on a range of topics pertaining to the Legion of Frontiersmen. Includes correspondence, historical summaries, photocopies of photographs and documents

Deadwood Dick Library

Series consists of 65 issues from the Deadwood Dick Library. A copy of issue #36 is held in this Dime Novel Collection; issues 1-64 are shelved separately in Bruce Peel Special Collections.

Publisher: M.J. Ivers, Arthur Westbrook

Date of First Issue/First in Collection (No. 1): Mar. 15, 1899
Date of Last Issue/Last in Collection (No. 64): May 30, 1900

Deadwood Dick is a weekly publication. The format is 5 x 8 inches, with 32 pages. Issues cost 5 cents. Pictorial covers are coloured. Stories are authored by Edward L. Wheeler. Consists primarily of frontier, western and detective stories. Deadwood Dick, an outlaw, is considered the quintessential dime novel hero. These stories were later reprinted several times due to popularity.

Beadle's Pocket Novels

Series consists of one Beadle's Pocket Novel.

Publisher: Beadle and Adams

Date of First Issue (No. 1): July 7, 1874
Date of Last Issue (No. 272): November 25, 1884

In collection (No. 191): October 18, 1881

The format is 6 1/2 x 4 1/4 inches, with 100 pages. Novels cost 10 cents. Front wrapper has series name, title of novel, and a coloured illustration, surrounded by a plain tinted background--either blue, green, orange, or gray. All the books are reprints of various Beadle publications.

Programs

Programs for community events, theatre productions, church dinners, and reunions. Held within the Prairie Ephemera Collection.

Old Broadbrim Weekly

Series consists of 12 issues from Old Broadbrim Weekly.

Publisher: Street and Smith, New York

Date of First Issue (No. 1): Oct. 4, 1902
Date of Last Issue (No. 51): Sept. 19, 1903

First in Collection (No. 9): Nov. 29, 1902
Last in Collection (No. 41): Jul. 11, 1903

Old Broadbrim Weekly is, predictably, a weekly publication. The format is 8 ½ x 11 inches, with 32 pages. Issues cost 5 cents. Pictorial covers are coloured. Consists of detective stories reprinted from the Old Cap. Collier Library with original names etc. changed to fit the new series, featuring a Quaker detective.

Old Cap. Collier Library

Series consists of 3 issues from the Old Cap. Collier Library.

Publisher: Norman L. Munro

Date of First Issue (No. 1): Apr. 9, 1883
Date of Last Issue (No. 822): Sept. 9, 1899

First in Collection (No. 694): Mar. 27, 1897
Last in Collection (No. 713): Aug. 7, 1897

The Old Cap. Collier Library follows an irregular publication schedule, including weekly. The novels' format changes frequently: 7 x 9 inches (nos. 1-330), 8 x 12 inches (nos. 331-394), with 32+ pages. Issues cost 5 cents. Cover art develops from buff or brick non-pictorial (1-330) to b/w pictorial covers (331-822). Series consists primarily of detective and mystery stories reprinted or written for this library. Beginning in 1898, issues contain reprinted serials (primarily school stories and comic stories from "Golden Hours"); the rights to many of these stories would later be purchased by Street and Smith in 1902 and used (with editorial changes) in some of their weeklies, including Nick Carter Weekly and Old Broadbrim Weekly.

New York Detective Library

Series consists of 3 issues from The New York Detective Library.

Publisher: Frank Tousey

Date of First Issue (No. 1): June 7, 1883
Date of Last Issue (No. 801, plus 2 unnumbered issues): Apr. 1, 1898

First in Collection (No. 318): Jan. 5, 1889
Last in Collection (No. 361): Nov. 2, 1889

The New York Detective Library is a weekly publication. The format is 9 x 12 ½ inches (nos. 157-801) with 32 pages. Issues cost 10 cents. Pictorial covers are b/w. Series consists primarily of detective and mystery stories.

Old Sleuth Library

Series consists of 3 issues from the Old Sleuth Library.

Publisher: George Munro

Date of First Issue (No. 1): Mar. 3, 1885
Date of Last Issue (No. 101): Mar. 3, 1905

First in Collection (No. 24): Feb. 22, 1886
Last in Collection (No. 33): Jan. 5, 1887

The Old Sleuth Library follows an irregular publication schedule, including bi-weekly, monthly and quarterly. The format is 8 x 12 inches, with 32-64 pages. Issues cost 10 cents (5 cents for later editions). Pictorial covers are b/w. Series contains detective stories written by Harlan Page Halsey under the pseudonym of Old Sleuth, but primarily features other detective characters besides Old Sleuth.

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