Hunter, James

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Hunter, James

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Reverend Hunter was an Anglican clergyman and missionary to Rupert's Land. In 1875, he wrote an important text on the grammar of the Cree language.

Reverend James Hunter was born in 1817 at Barnstaple, England and died in 1882 at London, England. Sent in 1844 as a missionary to Rupert's Land, Hunter served at Cumberland Station (modern-day The Pas, MB) on the Saskatchewan River until 1853. With his wife, Jean (Jane) Ross, they translated several works into Cree using traditional Roman characters instead of the syllabic system invented by Rev. James Evans. Their Cree translation of the Gospel of St Matthew was printed in England in 1853. The Gospels of St Mark and St John, as well as the Book of Common Prayer rolled off the press in England in 1855.

Returning to Rupert's Land in 1855, Hunter served at St. Andrews parish, also known as Grand Rapids, along the Red River until 1865. During this period, Hunter presided over the trial of Rev. Owen Corbett and in 1863 found him guilty of attempting an abortion on his servant. After 1865, the Hunters returned to England where Rev. Hunter died in 1882.


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AMICUS No.: 48055

Bruce Peel, “HUNTER, JAMES,” in Dictionary of Canadian Biography, vol. 11, University of Toronto/Université Laval, 2003–, accessed May 20, 2016,

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