Item FC 3212 K44 030.035 - 1853-55 Fort Simpson Journal

Title and statement of responsibility area

Title proper

1853-55 Fort Simpson Journal

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  • Textual record

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FC 3212 K44 030.035

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  • September 1, 1853 - April 30, 1855 (Creation)

Physical description area

Physical description

A bound ledger with 152 written pages, written in sepia ink, with a few pencil notations. Paper is watermarked "Ruse & Turners 1844." Sheep spine with marbled paper over boards. Stationer's engraved bookplate on the front pastedown.

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From the first report provided by the donor (see notes on accompanying materials below): "The Fort Simpson Journal contains the expected daily and routine entries on weather conditions, entertaining descriptions of the laborers and their occupations, and general comments on trading activities. The journal also contains a plethora of lengthy and intensely interesting entries describing specific activities and events hitherto unknown and unrecorded elsewhere."

The author of the Fort Simpson journal is William Henry McNeill (1801-1875). He does not name himself in the journal itself, but the donor has provided research identifying him through HBC Archives documents. McNeill took charge of Fort Simpson in 1851, was appointed Chief Factor in 1856, left from 1859-1861, before finally departing the fort in 1863. The town of Port McNeill on Vancouver Island is named for him.

The Hudson's Bay Company founded Fort Simpson, which eventually developed into Port Simpson and later Lax Kw'alaams. It is located on the coast of British Columbia.

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  • English

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Accompanying material

The donor has included, along with the journal itself, two reports prepared by Bjarne Tokerud. Both are in duotangs. The first report details the Fort Simpson journal and provides two appendices containing photocopies and research notes. The second report is an addendum dealing with the question of who is the author of the journal.

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